Focus

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 3 2016 July-September

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA. BREXIT AND THE FUTURE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. The recent outcome of the British referendum on the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union has caused a situation of general discomfort and evoked unprecedented dangers; the stock exchanges wavered; the promoters of the referendum themselves were visibly concerned; the heads of the European Chanceries came together but then took different stances and finally, the European ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N°1 2016 January-March

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA. Regarding the autonomous regions, there was a significant event in the first quarter of 2016. For the first time in the history of the Italian Republic, the Constitutional Court declared that a repealing referendum proposed by the Regions is admissible (Judgment 17 of 19 January 2016, filed on 2 February 2016). With this judgment, the Constitutional Court has declared that the referendum proposed on prohibiting prospection, search ...

PETRA Project: Personal Transport Advisor: an integrated platform of mobility patterns for Smart Cities to enable demand-adaptive transportation systems

2016
The objective of the PETRA project is to develop a service platform that connects providers & controllers of city transport with the travellers in a new way. Cities get an integrated platform to enable the provision of citizen-centric, demand-adaptive city-wide transportation services. Travellers get mobile applications that facilitate them in making travel priorities and choices for route and modality. The result of the project is a city-wide transportation system comprised of several ...

Deviant Communities in Social Media

2016
The structure of a social network is fundamentally related to the interests of its members. People assort spontaneously based on the topics that are relevant to them, forming social groups that revolve around different subjects. Online social media are also favorable ecosystems for the formation of topical communities centered on matters that are not commonly taken up by the general public because of the embarrassment, discomfort, or shock they may cause. Those are communities that depict or ...

A new criticality index for the objects abandoned in low earth orbit

2016
A common way to evaluate the latent long-term environmental impact of an orbiting object, refraining from running thousands of complex simulations based on quite uncertain scenario assumptions, is to devise an indexing scheme grounded on reasonable premises. The main advantage of these heuristic approaches is the adoption of simple to understand and simple to apply rules, while the main drawback is the lack of a validated cause-effect foundation, unavoidable if the uncertain, stochastic and ...

A Platform for Rule-based Personalization of Web Applications in Internet of Things Contexts of Use

2016
The design and development of flexible software able to match the many possible user needs and provide high quality user experience is a major open issue, further complicated by the recent explosion of mobile technology and the Internet of Things (IoT), which have highly increased the variability and heterogeneity of the possible contexts of use of smart applications. In this scenario, such applications need to address extremely contextualized user needs, thus their complete behaviour cannot be ...

Privacy Risk Assessment - Privacy-aware Ecosystem for Data Sharing

2016
We live in times of increasing opportunities of sensing and analysing data describing human activities at extreme detail and resolution. Unfortunately, this comes with unprecedented risks, since this data can be related to personal and sensitive information about individuals. Data are tipically stored in the databases of companies (e.g., telecom, insurance and retail companies), which use legal constraints on privacy as a reason for not sharing it with science and society at large. Clearly, this ...

Remote sensing analysis to detect and identify illegal maritime traffic

2016
In recent years, European maritime countries had to face new situations involving the traffic of illegal vessels. The fight against unauthorized fishing, irregular migration and related smuggling activity has become an international priority. Image processing and computer vision methods can contribute to find a solution to these problems by using the large scale data which is nowadays made available by satellite constellations. With this aim, researchers at the Signals and Images Lab of ...

Digital semeiotics

2016
The face is the pre-eminent channel of communication among humans: it is a mirror of status, emotions, mood. This is the base principle of Medical Semeiotics, which looks at the face as a revealer of the healthy status of an individual, through a combination of physical signs (e.g., skin colour, subcutaneous fat) and facial expressions. Medical Semeiotics dates back as far as Aristotle's time; nevertheless it is still used by medical practitioners today, who rely on their ability to read the ...

How to help an otherwise-young person!

2016
The EU-funded DOREMI project (Decrease of cOgnitive decline, malnutRition and sedEntariness by elderly empowerment in lifestyle Management and social Inclusion) showed that in elderly people cognitive decline can be counteract and social inclusion can be improved with the help of cognitive games and a virtual companion to be used with PCs, TVs and tablets. The decline of cognitive ability is strongly related to lifestyle, as well as social engagement, cognitive stimulation, nutrition and ...

Learn PAd: Una Soluzione Orientata ai Processi per l'e-Learning nella Pubblica Amministrazione

2016
The processes behind the functioning of modern Public Administration (PA) are characterized by increasing complexity and continuous evolution. In most cases these processes require a collaborative activity shared among different offices, both within an administration and also across more organizations. Moreover, as related laws and regulations are frequently modified, the administrative processes are constantly transformed requiring the intertwined adaptation of related services and data. At ...

City users' classification with mobile phone data: the Sociometer

2016
Context Mobile devices are today noticeable means by which people disseminate digital tracks of their everyday activities: movements, purchase transactions, preferences, opinions, and so on. In particular, mobile phones and the data they produce revealed as a high-quality proxy for studying people mobility in different domains, such as environmental monitoring, transportation planning , smart cities and social relationship analysis and innovative demographic indexes. Opportunities Currently, a ...

3D supported restoration: the Neptune fountain in Bologna

2016
The restoration of the Neptune Fountain in Bologna (Italy) started in 2016 and will be terminated in the first half of 2017. This action is funded by Comune di Bologna and it is joint project of Bologna University, Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro del MiBACT (ISCR) and CNR-ISTI. This restoration qualifies as a major restoration action both for the complexity of the artwork (a complex multi-material monument, with parts in stone and bronze showing different conservation ...

Community Discovery in Complex (and Dynamic) Networks

2016
In our everyday life, we are used to picture social relations - as well as countless other interactions - as mutable, dynamic and often short-term bonds. Research studies have extensively shown that networks inferred from social ties can be used to observe, characterize and forecast different aspects of human activities (such as predict new connections [1] or the usage of online communication services [2]) and that, in order to correctly describe the social phenomena we study, it is often ...

At CNR in PISA the Smart Area is a reality

2015
The smart area of the CNR was born in Pisa, baptized with an event held at the Auditorium of the National Research Council on Nov. 30, 2015, in which ICT applications were presented that make smart the CNR area in Pisa, being this the largest area in the overall panorama of the CNR research centers in Italy. In its 130 thousand s/m, 13 CNR institutes operate, and other research centers are housed, such as the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, the Ericsson, the Enea and and the G. Monasterio ...

The immunomodulatory activity of the intestinal microbiota

2015
The intestinal microbiota plays a key role in promoting maturation of the immune system, particularly during the neonatal period, and is influenced throughout life by environmental factors. In particular, diet plays a central role in the structure and constitution of the gut microbiota. Moreover, it has been suggested that a healthy microbiota exists when there is a balance between symbionts, commensal organisms, and pathobionts. Alterations in this balance can lead to dysbiosis, which has been ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER 2015

2015
UPCOMING EVENTS The "Report on Regions 2014-2015" in press (Sole24ore) addresses the most relevant issues of regionalism: health, social services, environment, housing, cultural heritage, energy, migrations, technological innovation and technology transfer. Particular emphasis is placed on economic activities (agriculture, tourism, commerce, industry, handicrafts) which still receive support from Regions. RECENT ACTIVITIES AT THE INSTITUTE On the issues of the Constitutional reform, the ...

Sistemi nanostrutturati e dispositivi bioelettronici per la salute e la qualità della vita

2015
In questa linea di ricerca l'esperienza ISMN nelle nanotecnologie è utilizzata per la realizzazione di materiali nanostrutturati e dispositivi utili nel campo della salute e della qualità della vita. Le numerose e consolidate competenze dell'ISMN sono state sviluppate nell'ambito di numerosi progetti e collaborazioni sia nazionali che internazionali che hanno qualificato l'ISMN come un punto di riferimento per la promozione e lo sviluppo delle attività finalizzate alla realizzazione di ...

SI DO RE MI - Sistema Domiciliare di Rieducazione Espressiva del Movimento e dell'Interazione

2015
Il progetto SI DO RE MI è stato sviluppato dal Laboratorio Segnali e Immagini dell'ISTI grazie ad un finanziamento della Fondazione Telecom Italia. Il progetto prevede un intervento rivolto a bambini con Disturbi dello Spettro Autistico (DPS) e difficoltà relazionali finalizzato a promuovere l'interazione a vari livelli di complessità attraverso la mediazione della stimolazione sonora interattiva. A tale scopo è stato sviluppato un sistema HW/SW basato su di un calcolatore con sistema ...

The NOSA-ITACA code for the structural analysis of masonry constructions of historical interest

2015
by Maria Girardi, Cristina Padovani and Daniele Pellegrini In Italy many historically and artistically important masonry buildings are in dire need of maintenance and restoration. In order to optimize such operations in terms of cost-effectiveness, architectural impact and static effectiveness, numerical codes have a crucial role to play in modelling the structural behaviour of masonry buildings. By providing important information such as the collapse loads, the stress field and the ...

Materiali e Sistemi Magnetici Ibridi Nanostrutturati

2015
L'attività di ricerca è rivolta allo studio di materiali, interfacce e dispositivi ibridi magnetici nanostrutturati per applicazioni nel campo della micro-nano elettronica (ICT), per la sensoristica finalizzata alla diagnostica bio-medicale e ambientale, per la rigenerazione tissutale e altre applicazioni innovative in nanomedicina. Nell'ambito ICT, le attività sono focalizzate allo sviluppo e ottimizzazione di dispositivi Spintronici ibridi per l'elettronica futura: memorie e logic-gate ...

A new smart material for in vivo monitoring neurotransmitters in brain

2015
In vivo monitoring neurotransmitters is one of the most crucial problems to solve for neuroscientist and chemists, because these substances, particularly the catecholamines have many physiological roles, are critical for normal neuronal metabolism, and are involved in some neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease. The fact that the catecholamines are easily oxidable compounds makes their detection possible by electrochemical methods. A major problem of electrochemical detection in real ...

Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS): a new tool for interface studies at the biological-physical nanointerface.

2015
There is currently a great interest in creating extremely sensitive and specific chemical and biological nanosensors. In this regard, the interaction between biological, organic and inorganic materials surface is one of the key issues in the near future. Since the technology must interact with the biological world on the molecular and cellular scale, the structure and properties of that interface must be designed and controlled on that scale. The nanoscale properties of the interface between ...

Nanomaterials and enabling processes for sustainable manufacturing

2015
ISMN is internationally recognized as an institution of excellence in the field of nanomaterials and enabling processes. In this strategic field, the research activities are mainly focused on organic and hybrid electronics, optoelectronics, photovoltaics, mechanics, sensors and nano-medicine. The aims of this research line are: The development of top-down, bottom-up and hybrid technologies for the fabrication of thin films and nanostructured systems integrated in nano and micro devices such as ...

3D Printing - Basic Research and Applications

2015
The main aim of industrial prototyping is to create a tangible representation of an arbitrary digital geometry. Industrial fabrication is generally tuned for a specific object and the initial setup is usually a time consuming operation. The more complex the shape of the object, the more complex is the manufacturing process. Obviously, implementing a similar process to create a single (or a few) prototype(s) is not efficient. To deal with these specific industrial needs 3D printing devices have ...

Materiali e tecnologie per la sostenibilità ambientale e l'efficienza energetica

2015
Attività rivolta alla progettazione, sintesi e caratterizzazione di materiali nanostrutturati e sviluppo di dispositivi per la catalisi ambientale, per la chimica sostenibile e per la produzione di combustibili ed energia da fonti rinnovabili. Tali attività sono finalizzate alla rimozione di agenti inquinanti, alla produzione di combustibili da biomasse e di energia elettrica tramite celle a combustibile o dispositivi fotovoltaici. L'Istituto rappresenta un punto di riferimento sul piano ...

Is ATNX2  a regulatory gene in Italian amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients with C9ORF72 expansion?

2015
Through a joint study carried out in cooperation with Italian scientists, among which ISN-CNR researchers, a total of 1972 ALS cases were identified. The study population included: 333 Italian ALS cases who carried the C9ORF72expansion, 1639 Italian ALS not carrying the C9ORF72 expansion and 1043 controls.  In this study the large series of Italian ALS patients with C9ORF72 GGGGCC hexanucleotide repeat expansion, compared to age-, gender- and ethnic-matched controls, did not reveal an ...

Tech4Bio

2015
From 2013 ISC coordinates the interistitute working group Tech4Bio, which consists of CNR researchers with different expertise but a common aim of favoring the formation of a scientific network contacting many different and complementary experiences, knowledge and technology, to explore the possibilities of scientific and technological development in the field of Biophysics, Biosensing and Biotechnology. The group presently comprises researchers from ISC, ISM, IFN, IFT, IDASC (www.tech4bio.eu). ...

Silent Flocks

2015
A paper on the collective behaviour of bird flocks, in which a spin wave model is brought to the continuous limit as in fluid elements of a large hydrodynamic system, has been published in Physical Review Letters and it has been the subject of a synopsis in the APS magazine Physics. Both spin and density waves can propagate throughout flocks, but in some cases their contributions are quickly damped. Andrea Cavagna's group at ISC has shown that only spin waves propagate in medium-to-small ...

The classical and quantum dynamics of molecular spins grafted on graphene

2015
The effect of graphene phonons and electrons on the spin dynamics of molecules grafted on graphene was investigated in a paper published in Nature Materials (C.Cervetti, A.Rettori, M.G.Pini, A.Cornia, A.Repollés, F.Luis, M.Dressel, S.Rauschenbach, M.Burghard, and L.Bogani). Dirac electrons introduce dominant quantum-relaxation channels and allow reaching a quantum tunneling regime, that was predicted 20 years ago by the French physicist Jacques Villain. A novel theoretical background is ...