Focus

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N°2 2016 April-June

2016
THE REPORT ON REGION 2015. - The Report 2015 of Issirfa, edited by Stelio Mangiameli and Giulia Maria Napolitano, was presented on 21st June 2016 at the Senate of the Republic, Rome, in the presence of the Speaker of the Senate Hon. Pietro Grasso, of the President of the National Research Council, Prof. Massimo Inguscio, of the Undersecretary of State to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers for Regional Affairs, Hon. Gianclaudio Bressa, of the President of the Conference of Presidents ...

Remote sensing analysis to detect and identify illegal maritime traffic

2016
In recent years, European maritime countries had to face new situations involving the traffic of illegal vessels. The fight against unauthorized fishing, irregular migration and related smuggling activity has become an international priority. Image processing and computer vision methods can contribute to find a solution to these problems by using the large scale data which is nowadays made available by satellite constellations. With this aim, researchers at the Signals and Images Lab of ...

Digital semeiotics

2016
The face is the pre-eminent channel of communication among humans: it is a mirror of status, emotions, mood. This is the base principle of Medical Semeiotics, which looks at the face as a revealer of the healthy status of an individual, through a combination of physical signs (e.g., skin colour, subcutaneous fat) and facial expressions. Medical Semeiotics dates back as far as Aristotle's time; nevertheless it is still used by medical practitioners today, who rely on their ability to read the ...

PETRA Project: Personal Transport Advisor: an integrated platform of mobility patterns for Smart Cities to enable demand-adaptive transportation systems

2016
The objective of the PETRA project is to develop a service platform that connects providers & controllers of city transport with the travellers in a new way. Cities get an integrated platform to enable the provision of citizen-centric, demand-adaptive city-wide transportation services. Travellers get mobile applications that facilitate them in making travel priorities and choices for route and modality. The result of the project is a city-wide transportation system comprised of several ...

How to help an otherwise-young person!

2016
The EU-funded DOREMI project (Decrease of cOgnitive decline, malnutRition and sedEntariness by elderly empowerment in lifestyle Management and social Inclusion) showed that in elderly people cognitive decline can be counteract and social inclusion can be improved with the help of cognitive games and a virtual companion to be used with PCs, TVs and tablets. The decline of cognitive ability is strongly related to lifestyle, as well as social engagement, cognitive stimulation, nutrition and ...

Learn PAd: Una Soluzione Orientata ai Processi per l'e-Learning nella Pubblica Amministrazione

2016
The processes behind the functioning of modern Public Administration (PA) are characterized by increasing complexity and continuous evolution. In most cases these processes require a collaborative activity shared among different offices, both within an administration and also across more organizations. Moreover, as related laws and regulations are frequently modified, the administrative processes are constantly transformed requiring the intertwined adaptation of related services and data. At ...

City users' classification with mobile phone data: the Sociometer

2016
Context Mobile devices are today noticeable means by which people disseminate digital tracks of their everyday activities: movements, purchase transactions, preferences, opinions, and so on. In particular, mobile phones and the data they produce revealed as a high-quality proxy for studying people mobility in different domains, such as environmental monitoring, transportation planning , smart cities and social relationship analysis and innovative demographic indexes. Opportunities Currently, a ...

3D supported restoration: the Neptune fountain in Bologna

2016
The restoration of the Neptune Fountain in Bologna (Italy) started in 2016 and will be terminated in the first half of 2017. This action is funded by Comune di Bologna and it is joint project of Bologna University, Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro del MiBACT (ISCR) and CNR-ISTI. This restoration qualifies as a major restoration action both for the complexity of the artwork (a complex multi-material monument, with parts in stone and bronze showing different conservation ...

Community Discovery in Complex (and Dynamic) Networks

2016
In our everyday life, we are used to picture social relations - as well as countless other interactions - as mutable, dynamic and often short-term bonds. Research studies have extensively shown that networks inferred from social ties can be used to observe, characterize and forecast different aspects of human activities (such as predict new connections [1] or the usage of online communication services [2]) and that, in order to correctly describe the social phenomena we study, it is often ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N°1 2016 January-March

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA. Regarding the autonomous regions, there was a significant event in the first quarter of 2016. For the first time in the history of the Italian Republic, the Constitutional Court declared that a repealing referendum proposed by the Regions is admissible (Judgment 17 of 19 January 2016, filed on 2 February 2016). With this judgment, the Constitutional Court has declared that the referendum proposed on prohibiting prospection, search ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N°4 2016 October-December

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA The results of the referendum of 4 December creates the basis for a different conclusion of the transitional institutional phase of Italian Regionalism, marked by the legislation produced during the crisis. The referendum stopped a shift towards the centralisation of legislative powers and State control over public financial resources, counterbalanced by the participation in central power through a Senate representing the Regions and ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 3 2016 July-September

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA. BREXIT AND THE FUTURE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. The recent outcome of the British referendum on the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union has caused a situation of general discomfort and evoked unprecedented dangers; the stock exchanges wavered; the promoters of the referendum themselves were visibly concerned; the heads of the European Chanceries came together but then took different stances and finally, the European ...

SECURITY OF INDUSTRIAL INSTALLATIONS

2016
With specific reference to production processes, industrial security may be defined as the set of the studies, development and the applications of strategies, policies and operative plans, finalized to prevent, manage and solve adverse behaviors against people, environment and properties, either within or outside the industrial site, and against company resources, which are essential to ensure competitiveness in short or long period. In this perspective, industrial installations can represent ...

BRAKE PAD MATERIALS: EFFECT OF THE COMPOSITION ON FRICTION AND WEAR PROPERTIES

2016
The study deals with the friction and wear properties of materials for brake pads. It has been developed in the frame of a research collaboration with ITT Friction Technologies company, who is one of the world leaders in the field of brake pads. The gradual phasing out of asbestos, recognized as carcinogenic materials, pushed pads manufacturers to move away from them, to the purpose to obtain safe components. Such phenomenon resulted in a wide variety of brake pads, each with its peculiar ...

"Ultra-High-Density Magnetic Recording: Storage Materials and Media Designs"

2016
Magnetic recording is presently the leading technology for mass data storage. Its dominant role has been reinforced by the success of cloud computing, which requires huge amounts of data to be stored and managed on a multitude of servers. Nonetheless, the hard-disk storage industry is presently at a crossroad as the current magnetic recording technologies are unable to achieve storage densities beyond 1Tbit/in2. Pushing the recording density to the terabit regime requires new storage materials, ...

Economia del tessile sostenibile: la lana italiana

2016
In un mondo sempre più globalizzato, gli abiti sono il frutto di un lungo processo produttivo dove origine delle materie prime, luoghi di lavorazione e consumo diventano più lontani tra loro. Così le scelte delle imprese e dei consumatori hanno ricadute economiche, ambientali, sociali ed etiche sempre più complesse e difficili da controllare da parte del singolo attore socioeconomico. In questo panorama, sta lentamente avvenendo quanto si è già verificato per il cibo: si fa strada una ...

H2020 PROGRAMME FUNDS A REASEARCH PROJECT FOR THE PRODUCTIONO OF BIO-BUTANOL FROM AGRO-FOOD WASTE

2016
The Institute of Research on Combustion (IRC) is one of the partners of the research project Waste2Fuels 'Sustainable production of next generation biofuels from waste streams' that has been funded under the European Union's research and innovation program Horizon 2020 under the grant agreement no. 654623. The project is coordinated by the Spanish company IRIS Advanced Engineering with the participation of 20 partners from 8 countries, among these the 'Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica dei ...

Popolazione a Rischio da Frana e da Inondazione

2016
Nonostante il numero e frequenza delle frane e delle inondazioni che colpiscono i nostri territori, e la quantità di informazioni anche reperibili online su eventi di frana e di inondazione, il tema del rischio geo-idrologico resta poco conosciuto per la maggioranza dei cittadini. La mancata conoscenza si riflette sulla scarsa percezione che i cittadini hanno dei rischi geo-idrologici. Una delle cause della poca conoscenza è la modalità con cui i temi del rischio geo-idrologico sono stati ...

TITOLO: Organismi marini in ambienti freddi: adattamenti biochimici e applicazioni biotecnologiche.

2016
Gli organismi marini polari sono di grande interesse perchè: (i) sono tra le specie più vulnerabili al cambiamento climatico; (ii) rappresentano una fonte importante di composti naturali bioattivi che possono avere applicazioni nella "drug discovery". Gli adattamenti fisiologici negli organismi marini polari sono stati guidati, nel corso dell'evoluzione, da due fattori molto importanti: la bassa temperatura e l'alta concentrazione di ossigeno. LO STUDIO DEL CASO: LE EMOGLOBINE NEGLI ORGANISMI ...

GaN technology Power-DAC supply modulator for high-speed envelope tracking and driver waveform generation

2016
Modern wireless communication systems employ large bandwidth digital modulated signals with very high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) to enhance spectral efficiency and maximize the data rate. However, high PAPR digital modulations schemes are strongly detrimental for the radiofrequency (RF) amplifier that must operate most of the time several dB in back-off with respect to the nominal power and, therefore, with very low efficiency. A common technique to improve the RF high power amplifier ...

AIRC (Italian Association for Cancer Researchand) and young people

2016
AIRC rewards this year two young researchers at the IGM-CNR of Pavia: Elisa Belloni (with a three years fellowship) and Anna Di Matteo (with a one year fellowship). Both researchers are involved in a research project in the group directed by Dr. Claudia Ghigna aimed at identifying the molecular mechanisms driving the development of tumor vasculature, a fundamental process in cancer progression since cancerous cells stimulate the formation of new blood vessels in order to support their growth and ...

MGD: Mediterranean Germplasm Database

2016
The aims of the Seedbank are:to store seeds, to preserve their longevity and genetic diversity, to monitor germination potential and to revaluate deriving pants. Seeds are living creatures and keeping them viable requires adjusting storage moisture and temperature appropriately. Seeds are amenable to storage for very long time as demonstrated by relief of seeds from archeological sites that nowadays are still able to germinate and are kept in other international Seedbanks. In the Seedbank at ...

Alternative splicing and tumor

2016
The research group of Dr. Claudia Ghigna (Institute of Molecular Genetics of the National Research Council, CNR-IGM of Pavia) supported by the AIRC-Italian Cancer Research Association and in collaboration with the group of Dr. Ugo Cavallaro (IEO of Milan) showed that in the blood vessels of the ovarian tumor, one of the most common causes of death from cancer in the female population between 50 and 69 years, is present a new variant of the L1 protein. This variant (called L1-deltaTM) was ...

Respiratory symptoms/diseases prevalence is still increasing: a 25-yr population study

2016
Chronic respiratory diseases and allergic diseases have doubled in the last 25 years and living in a urban area is a risk factors for these diseases. Few epidemiological surveys on general population samples estimated changes in prevalence of respiratory symptoms/diseases over a long time interval. A study performed by the Pulmonary Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Clinical Physiology, CNR, Pisa, along with the Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology, CNR, Palermo, the ...

Microscopy School at the "Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli" in Bologna

2016
The Microscopy School, in collaboration with the Digital Microscopy Center at "Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli" in Bologna, aims to provide the basic information for the use of the main optical microscopy techniques such as SIM Super Resolution, STORM, STED , TIRF and deconvolution. Super resolution microscopy is one of the most significant developments in imaging in biology since the light microscope was invented. The course is opened to researchers, students and technicians who are interested in ...

Genome-wide association study identifies 74 loci associated with educational attainment

2016
Educational attainment is strongly influenced by social and other environmental factors, but genetic factors are estimated to account for at least 20% of the variation across individuals1. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for educational attainment that extends our earlier discovery sample1, 2 of 101,069 individuals to 293,723 individuals, and a replication study in an independent sample of 111,349 individuals from the UK Biobank. We identify 74 genome-wide ...

Cyber-Physical Convergence in the Future Internet

2016
The so-called Cyber-Physical Convergence is one of the main trends of the research in the Future Internet domain. It argues that the pervasiveness of mobile devices with networking capabilities is fostering a convergence between the physical world and the cyber world, whereby smart objects and humans interact with the cyberspace via sensing, computing and communication, generating huge volumes of data flowing between the two worlds. To address this vision, IIT-CNR researchers focus on several ...

New Broad-spectrum antiviral agents open the way to a single drug effective against the most dangerous viruses

2016
The real possibility of a revolutionary approach to new-generation antivirals demonstrated by a study of the University of Siena and the Italian CNR. A single drug against all viral infections, capable of hitting the protein that the virus uses to multiply. And this is the goal that will be made possible thanks to a study conducted in collaboration between the University of Siena and the CNR, which has identified new molecules capable of inhibiting the human protein DDX3. The research, ...

Sixth Arturo Falaschi Lecture

2016
As every year, the Institute of Molecular Genetics of CNR organized a conference to commemorate the scientific and human figure of Arturo Falaschi, first Director of the Institute and a great scholar of the mechanisms that govern DNA replication. This event is part of the IGM-CNR contribution to the Course of Doctorate in Genetics, Molecular and Cellular Biology, University of Pavia. The Sixth edition of the 'Arturo Falaschi Lecture' will be held by Professor Tomas Lindahl who, along with Paul ...

Opere d'arte e imaging iperspettrale

2016
Sulla prestigiosa rivista 'Accounts of Chemical Research' è stato recentemente pubblicato da ricercatori dell'Istituto di fisica applicata 'Nello Carrara' del Cnr (Ifac-Cnr), insieme a un collega della National Gallery of Art di Washington, un lavoro di rassegna dedicato ad alcune delle più significative applicazioni dell'imaging iperspettrale su opere policrome di grande pregio storico artistico. La tecnologia dell'imaging iperspettrale rappresenta oggi una delle più avanzate frontiere ...