The Department of Biomedical Sciences manages the research activity in Biology, Medicine and Public Health. It provides technologies and services to both the public and the private area, with the purpose of promoting knowledge on the fundamental mechanism governing physiological and pathological aspects in living organism, starting from basic research in life sciences to the study of human diseases and of innovative therapeutic interventions. The ultimate aim is to explore new opportunities for ameliorating the health of mankind.
The fundamental activities regard oncology, neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, immunology and infectious diseases, epidemiology and health care research, Biology and biomedical technologies. In these areas, some technologies have been developed and they have found a wider use in the different benchmark areas: proteomics, pharmacogenomics, advanced calculus in bioinformatics and system biology, robotic systems for the limbs’ rehabilitation, molecular diagnostics and imaging.
In the work published in the Faseb Journal, researchers from the Institute for Organic Synthesis and Photoreactivity and the Institute for the Study of Nanostructured Materials of the National Research Council of Bologna, in collaboration with the University of Vanderbilt, with the University of Bari and the University of Bologna have shown that a flash of infrared laser light of only 8 thousandths of a second can modulate the function of astrocytes
Studies over the past 40 years are showing that neuro-centric vision of the brain is now outdated. It is emerging that astrocytes, a particular class of non-neuronal brain cells, characterized by a star-shaped morphology, play a central role in the structure and functions of the brain, such as memory and learning
A collaboration between the Cnr Institute of biophysics and the Department of translational research and new technologies in medicine and surgery of the University of Pisa has allowed to demonstrate that Raman spectroscopy is able to diagnose the various levels of malignancy of the chondrosarcoma. Chondrosarcoma denotes a term indicating different types of bone cancers that originate from transformed cartilage cells
Researchers investigate, for the first time, psychological distress in chefs and the relationship with health complaints. Job duration and length of the working day lead to negative effects on mental and/or physical illness, including musculoskeletal and cardiovascular complaints. These are the main results of the study involving 710 Italian chefs, promoted by the Italian Chefs Federation with the collaboration of CNR-Irib, published on Frontiers public health
Identified the in vivo neural anti-aging role of a component of extra virgin olive oil, hydroxytyrosol, which is also present in abundance in processing waste. There were beneficial effects especially in the aging brain. The results published in Faseb Journal were demonstrated by a team of researchers from National Research Council of Italy (IBBC-CNR) and the University of Tuscia, Italy
Neuroprostheses and robotics: a paradigm shift to improve the efficacy of stroke rehabilitation and the restoration of motor function
The use of advanced technological solutions exploiting robotic systems and electrodes that stimulate the nervous system can increase the efficacy of stroke rehabilitation and the restoration of motor function in patients. However, a paradigm shift requires deeper understanding of the mechanisms in how the nervous system performs or learns the different types of movements