Physical sciences and technologies of matter
The Cnr Department of Physical science and material technologies coordinates the physical-material area. The fundamental thematic research areas are the development of nano-structures based on semiconductors, oxides, organic and magnetic materials, superconductors and hybrids, laser and photonic systems, sensors and devices with microelectronics applications, energy, health care and ict; advances instrumentation and new methods of investigation in order to extend the knowledge regarding the science of soft condensed material, the complex material and the biological systems at all levels.
In the quantum science and technology field, the technologies that concern the manipulation and transfer of information have a great part, having the ultimate aim of contributing to the realization of devices for the data processing, with unmatchable characteristics, if compared to the classical systems.
The innovative method takes advantage of silver nanocrystals activated by laser, which allow a sensitive detection of molecular traces of neurodegenerative diseases. The method has been developed by a team, led by IFAC-CNR in Florence and including researchers from IMM-CNR of Catania, the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and the Saratov National Research State University (Russia). The study was published in the ACS Nano journal
Pancreatic ductal carcinoma is the most common tumor that affects this gland. Its recovery rates are minimal. New hopes are coming from a study published on Scientific Reports by the Nanotechnology Institute of CNR, unit of Rende, in collaboration with a team of French and Spanish researchers. A molecule long used to cure anxiety states has been found useful to interfere with the activity of a protein with disordered structure, involved in the development processes of pancreatic tumors
The Italian Association for the Study of Clays (Aisa), the International Council for Applied Mineralogy (Icam) and the Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis (Cnr-Imaa) organize the International Conference on Applied Mineralogy & Advanced Materials. Scientists in mineralogy, materials science, physics, biology, chemistry, cultural heritage are invited to share ideas and knowledge on the boundless world of the crystalline and no-crystalline solid state. Amam-Icam 2017 will provide a truly global platform for researchers and engineers coming from academia and industry
One of the major challenge of modern medicine is the early diagnosis of tumor diseases, as a timely intervention considerably increases the curing possibilities. A research, led by team of young researchers at the Institute of Applied Science and Intelligent Systems of the National Council of Research in Pozzuoli, Napoli, in collaboration with the Ceinge-Advanced Biotechnologies, which involves University Federico II, reveals an innovative technique for the identification of 'foreign' and rare cells circulating in the blood stream, the so called Ctc (Circulating Tumor Cells). The research has been published in Light: Science and Applications, a Nature Publishing Group Review
Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. It promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world-firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market
SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics International Symposium 2017 in Prague addresses the latest developments and advances in a broad range of optics and optoelectronic devices, technologies, and their integration. The conferences feature cutting edge topics including petawatt photonics, high-power and high-repetition rate systems
Graphene Factory is a Cnr portal focused on graphene and two-dimensional materials research. The aim is to promote and support this research throughout the CNR network, offering information and services to the scientific community, industrial partners and citizens
Nicola Cantasano and Vincenzo Rizzo, researchers of the Institute for Agricultural and Forest Systems in the Mediterranean of National Research Council of Cosenza (Isafom-Cnr), have performed a methodic study of photo records on martian rocks shot by rovers Opportunity, Spirit and Curiosity, finding parallels not only with the structure of terrestrial microbialites (rocks built by bacteria), at different dimensional scales (microscopic and overall mesoscopic and macroscopic, all having extenuating criterion), but also in the marks imputable to bacterial activity, as are gas voids and adhesive gel highly plastic. The study has been published on the review International Journal of Astrobiology