Physical sciences and technologies of matter
The Cnr Department of Physical science and material technologies coordinates the physical-material area. The fundamental thematic research areas are the development of nano-structures based on semiconductors, oxides, organic and magnetic materials, superconductors and hybrids, laser and photonic systems, sensors and devices with microelectronics applications, energy, health care and ict; advances instrumentation and new methods of investigation in order to extend the knowledge regarding the science of soft condensed material, the complex material and the biological systems at all levels.
In the quantum science and technology field, the technologies that concern the manipulation and transfer of information have a great part, having the ultimate aim of contributing to the realization of devices for the data processing, with unmatchable characteristics, if compared to the classical systems.
Advances in nanoparticle design have opened up a plethora of applications in medicine such as drug delivery and diagnosis. Therefore, it is of outmost importance to understand the impact of nanoparticles on immune response (not only in humans, but also in other species) and determine their environmental safety. This is the aim of the "Pandora"project, carried on by the National Research Council of Italy
The city of Trieste hosted the 2020 edition of the Euroscience Open Forum, the biennial pan-european forum dedicated to scientific research and innovation. During the closing ceremony of September 6th, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte took part in a public demonstration of encrypted fiber optic communication with Italian quantum technology, performed for the first time in Italy. The demonstration was carried out by the "Quantum Communications" group of the National Research Council of Italy, thanks to the "Quantum FVG" project, funded by the Autonomous Region of Friuli Venezia Giulia and coordinated by the University of Trieste. The demonstration were introduced by the Cnr President Massimo Inguscio: “Research builds the future and will be an essential element for reconstruction. Quantum technologies represent a new transversal paradigm, which brings together different fields to offer completely new opportunities in sectors ranging from the simulation of new drugs and materials with quantum computers, to self-driving systems and precision agriculture with quantum sensors, up to the secure transmission of data with quantum communication. The CNR, with its multidisciplinarity, has taken up this challenge also in the European sphere and implements strategies in synergy with other research institutions, the university world, and businesses, to build a future based on knowledge and innovation"
On the Esof forum website, the president of the National Research Council of Italy Massimo Inguscio explains why quantum technologies, or technologies based on the second quantum revolution, represent a completely new way to transform and transmit information, that will lead our society to the technology of tomorrow, where quantum limits will define the performance of industrial applications
The Cnr-Spin Institute launched a website aimed at understanding the current pandemic and providing support to scientists, policy makers and society at its large, by comparing and interpreting publicly available data with an original approach
Cnr-Spin coordinates this project aimed at exploring new materials and working principles for high-performance micromechanical actuators in view of applications in the growing field of micro and nanorobotics. The project has been selected as significant research project within the Executive Programme of Cooperation in the field of science and technology between the Italian government of Italy and the government of Japan for the years 2017-2019
NEST is an interdisciplinary research and training centre where physicists, chemists and biologists investigate scientific issues at the nanoscale. This knowledge is exploited to develop innovative nanobiotechnological tools, nanoelectronic and photonic devices and architectures. The Italian Natounal Research Council supports the NEST initiative with the Institute of nanosciences
Graphene Factory is a Cnr portal focused on graphene and two-dimensional materials research. The aim is to promote and support this research throughout the CNR network, offering information and services to the scientific community, industrial partners and citizens