Physical sciences and technologies of matter
The Cnr Department of Physical science and material technologies coordinates the physical-material area. The fundamental thematic research areas are the development of nano-structures based on semiconductors, oxides, organic and magnetic materials, superconductors and hybrids, laser and photonic systems, sensors and devices with microelectronics applications, energy, health care and ict; advances instrumentation and new methods of investigation in order to extend the knowledge regarding the science of soft condensed material, the complex material and the biological systems at all levels.
In the quantum science and technology field, the technologies that concern the manipulation and transfer of information have a great part, having the ultimate aim of contributing to the realization of devices for the data processing, with unmatchable characteristics, if compared to the classical systems.
Researchers led by Dr. Leonardo Sacconi of the Cnr - National Institute of Optics have measured the electrical properties of cardiac cells exploiting an ingenious analogy between the transport of charges and the transport of matter. The work published on the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), has drawn inspiration from a geological article published in 1951, in which the diffusive properties of porous rocks were extracted from their electrical properties
For this research study, extreme ultraviolet light pulses lasting only a few hundred attoseconds (billionths of a billionth of a second) have been exploited to ionize glass nanoparticles, causing the electron dynamics to be activated. Once ionized, electrons start to move and inevitably collide with atoms within the particle - either elastically or inelastically - thus giving rise to a random walk. Because of the dense crystal lattice, the electrons can move freely between each of the interactions for only a few ångstrom (10-10 meter). “This extremely short free path corresponds to a time interval of a few hundreds of attoseconds. For this reason, ultrashort laser pulses are needed to precisely clock the time between two consecutive collisions”, explains Prof. Francesca Calegari (Ifn-Cnr Milan and CFEL-DESY Hamburg)
IOM-CNR and SISSA unveil new functional mechanisms of important pharmacological targets. The study has been published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
The Italian Association for the Study of Clays (Aisa), the International Council for Applied Mineralogy (Icam) and the Institute of Methodologies for Environmental Analysis (Cnr-Imaa) organize the International Conference on Applied Mineralogy & Advanced Materials. Scientists in mineralogy, materials science, physics, biology, chemistry, cultural heritage are invited to share ideas and knowledge on the boundless world of the crystalline and no-crystalline solid state. Amam-Icam 2017 will provide a truly global platform for researchers and engineers coming from academia and industry
Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. It promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world-firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market
Graphene Factory is a Cnr portal focused on graphene and two-dimensional materials research. The aim is to promote and support this research throughout the CNR network, offering information and services to the scientific community, industrial partners and citizens
The NANOSMAT conference series has rapidly grown and spread in Europe, Asia and USA. NANOSMAT is actually well established as a premier conference in the field of materials related Nanoscience, Engineering and Nanotechnology