Earth system science and environmental technologies
The Department of Earth systems science and environmental technologies conducts studies based on the observation of the Earth and on the comprehension of chemical, physical and biological processes governing our planet. In these areas, it is the fundamental reference point for Italian and European policies. The activities range from climate and atmospheric studies to research on aquatic and terrestrial systems and the comprehension of the environmental evolution even through the analysis of data and their implementation into mathematic models. The Department coordinates the National Antarctic Research Programme (PNRA) and it manages the Italian Arctic station “Dirigibile Italia” in Ny-Alesund, Svalbard Islands.
Global surface ozone metrics identified for climate change, human health, and crop/ecosystem research
The use of different air quality markers for surface ozone calculated from the same time series can result in different trend patterns. This outcome is important to researchers as well as policymakers and regulators, who use exposure metrics to assess how changes in ozone levels affect human health, vegetation, and climate. That's one conclusion from a new metrics assessment based on the Tropospheric Ozone Assessment Report (TOAR), an effort by the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project to create the world’s largest database of surface ozone observations from all available ozone monitoring stations around the globe. The paper was published on April 6 in the journal 'Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene': among the authors Cnr-Ipsp researcher Elena Paoletti
The 2017 Ischia earthquake represents the largest seismic event ever observed with modern techniques over the island. The Institute for Electromagnetic Sensing of the Environment (IREA) of the National Research Council of Italy (Cnr), activated by the Department of Civil Protection (DPC) as Centre of Competence in radar data processing, analysed and measured the Earth surface displacements induced by the earthquake using Sentinel-1 and COSMO-SkyMed data
The Institute for Research on Combustion (IRC), founded in 1968, is one of the Institutes of the Department of Engineering, ICT and Energy and Transport Technologies (DIITET) of CNR. The activities are focused on various topics in the field of energy and the environmental impact: combustion and gasification technologies with high efficiency and environmental compatibility; valorisation of alternative fuels, such as biomass and fuels derived from waste and residues; advanced diagnostic techniques, combustion processes and environmental impact; detailed modeling of reactive systems; analysis and safety measures to prevent and control the use, handling and storage of combustible materials; study of the mechanisms of combustion and formulation and analysis of detailed kinetic schemes of reactions control and abatement of pollutant species from effluents of combustion and gasification catalytic systems in combustion and gasification processes and species in the abatement of pollutants from effluents
7th International symposium 'Monitoring of Mediterranean coastal areas: problems and measurement techniques'
Fondazione Livorno Euro Mediterranea - piazza del Pamiglione 1-2 Livorno (Italy). The Institute of Biometeorology - National Research Council of Italy (Ibimet-Cnr) is organizing, in collaboration with other Cnr Institutes and University Departments, the seventh International Symposium: 'Monitoring of Mediterranean coastal Areas: problems and measurement techniques', aimed at Mediterranean researchers
The documentary, filmed in Antarctica and produced by the Cnr webtv, was presented at the International Science Festival 2017 at the National Centre for Sustainable Coastal Management, Anna University Campus in Chennai, India. The research activities in Antarctica are carried out within the ‘Programma nazionale di ricerche in Antartide’ (Pnra), promoted and financed by the Ministry of Education, University and Research (Miur). The logistic execution is entrusted by the National agency for new technologies, energy and the sustainable economic development (Enea). The scientific coordination is controlled by Cnr, National Research Council
If the ocean depths are populated by fishes and other marine creatures, the merit is also of the viruses that, by continuously infecting microbial plankton, release nutrients that can be essential to support the marine food chain. These are the conclusions of a study published on Science Advances and conducted by an Italian-Spanish research team involving the Institute of Marine Science of the National Research Council (Ismar-Cnr) and the Spanish counterpart Institute of Marine Sciences of the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (Icm-Csic)
The impact of industrial development on the environment has been often severe and many times dramatically destructive. The project is coordinated by CNR (National Research Council, Italy) with the partnership of NEERI (National Environmental Engineering Research Insitute, India). TECO will be active to December 2018.
Ispa-Cnr participates in European research project on the use of jellyfish blooms as solutions for producing new products
CNR DTA, through CNR IGAG, coordinates the activities of CentroMS with the contribution of a Steering Committee constituted by one representative from each partner. CentroMS aims at providing scientific and technical support to the institutions involved in seismic microzonation and its applications, with particular reference to urban planning and geological, geotechnical and geophysical issues related to the management of seismic emergencies
A new stydy by Cnr-Ismar researchers on seismic hazards, recently published on Nature.com, Scientific Reports, 7, Article number: 38 (2017), doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00074-2