Focus

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 2-3 2017

2017
The new newsletter of the Institute, which has been totally renewed, is available online from 28 December 2017. Because of the restructuring, this issue reports on the activities carried out in the second and third four-month periods of 2017. Users can follow the information on past and future events, conferences and workshops that the Institute has organized or participated in. There are also updates on activities and research work under way as well as on publications and all the most recent ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 1 2017

2017
ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 1 2017

Formal Methods for the Railway Sector

2017
Researchers from the Formal Methods and Tools group of ISTI-CNR are working on a review and assessment of the main formal modelling and verification languages and tools used in the railway domain, with the aim of evaluating the actual applicability of the most promising ones to a moving block signalling system model. The research is being conducted in the context of the EU H2020 Shift2Rail project ASTRail: SAtellite-based Signalling and Automation SysTems on Railways along with Formal Method ...

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities: the UN Convention and implementing Practice at international, European and national levels

2017
In the framework of the ISGI Project "Multilevel protection of human rights between international law, European law and domestic legal order", the volume The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. A Commentary edited by V. Della Fina, R. Cera, G. Palmisano, Springer, pp. XXXII- 765, ISBN 978-3-319-43788-0, also in the e-book version ISBN 978-3-319-43790-3, has been published (see https://www.springer.com/la/book/9783319437880 ). The book is the main scientific ...

The Secular Decay of the Semi-Major Axis of the Lares SatelliteLLITE

2017
The LAser Ranged Satellites Experiment (LARASE) has the goal to carry out a sequence of measurements of relativistic effects using specific Earth-orbiting satellites for verifying the predictions of General Relativity and of alternatives theories proposed for the description of the gravitational interaction. These measurements are achieved in the so-called weak-field and slow-motion (WFSM) limit of the theory, by means of passive "cannonball" satellites tracked very precisely with the Satellite ...

Advanced multi-layer system based on surfaces and innovative nanostructured materials for a sustainable and energy-efficient construction

2017
In the last years, there has been a growing interest in the integrated use of innovative materials and ICT technologies to design a new concept of building, meeting the requirements of environmental compatibility and sustainability in terms of materials and energy. In the framework of the Tuscany Regional Project SELFIE, new technological components for buildings have been designed and implemented aiming at introducing new prototypical facade elements that can have a great impact on energy ...

Deep learning models for text to image retrieval

2016
Researchers of the Networked Multimedia Information System (NeMIS) laboratory of Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione "A. Faedo" in Pisa have developed a deep learning-based image search model that works by taking in input a short textual description of the image the user is looking for, e.g.: "a group of skiers in a sunny day". They implemented the actual search process as a similarity search in a visual feature space, by learning to translate a textual query into a deep neural ...

Deviant Communities in Social Media

2016
The structure of a social network is fundamentally related to the interests of its members. People assort spontaneously based on the topics that are relevant to them, forming social groups that revolve around different subjects. Online social media are also favorable ecosystems for the formation of topical communities centered on matters that are not commonly taken up by the general public because of the embarrassment, discomfort, or shock they may cause. Those are communities that depict or ...

A new criticality index for the objects abandoned in low earth orbit

2016
A common way to evaluate the latent long-term environmental impact of an orbiting object, refraining from running thousands of complex simulations based on quite uncertain scenario assumptions, is to devise an indexing scheme grounded on reasonable premises. The main advantage of these heuristic approaches is the adoption of simple to understand and simple to apply rules, while the main drawback is the lack of a validated cause-effect foundation, unavoidable if the uncertain, stochastic and ...

A Platform for Rule-based Personalization of Web Applications in Internet of Things Contexts of Use

2016
The design and development of flexible software able to match the many possible user needs and provide high quality user experience is a major open issue, further complicated by the recent explosion of mobile technology and the Internet of Things (IoT), which have highly increased the variability and heterogeneity of the possible contexts of use of smart applications. In this scenario, such applications need to address extremely contextualized user needs, thus their complete behaviour cannot be ...

Privacy Risk Assessment - Privacy-aware Ecosystem for Data Sharing

2016
We live in times of increasing opportunities of sensing and analysing data describing human activities at extreme detail and resolution. Unfortunately, this comes with unprecedented risks, since this data can be related to personal and sensitive information about individuals. Data are tipically stored in the databases of companies (e.g., telecom, insurance and retail companies), which use legal constraints on privacy as a reason for not sharing it with science and society at large. Clearly, this ...

Broad spectrum effects of natural phytochemicals on disease prevention and wellbeing

2016
Phytochemicals trigger cellular pathways leading to the prevention of pathological conditions associated with cancers, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases. Although this positive association evidenced by interventional and observational studies is debated and subjected to criticism, biochemical and genetic studies on cellular and animal models on the mechanism(s) of action of phytochemicals provide a functional explanation of how and why a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can protect ...

Hydrogen Generator for Fuel Cell

2016
The question of the worlwide climate modification, due to the human emissions (i.e. greehnouse gas) is alwais more stringent: Europe consumes more petroleum for transportation than for any other energy use; transportation is responsible for about half of the smog forming pollutants in our cities, for up to 90% of the carbon monoxide, and for more than half of the toxic air pollutants. The need to accelerate the development of the technologies able to reduce the effect of the human activity ...

Remote sensing analysis to detect and identify illegal maritime traffic

2016
In recent years, European maritime countries had to face new situations involving the traffic of illegal vessels. The fight against unauthorized fishing, irregular migration and related smuggling activity has become an international priority. Image processing and computer vision methods can contribute to find a solution to these problems by using the large scale data which is nowadays made available by satellite constellations. With this aim, researchers at the Signals and Images Lab of ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 3 2016 July-September

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA. BREXIT AND THE FUTURE OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. The recent outcome of the British referendum on the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union has caused a situation of general discomfort and evoked unprecedented dangers; the stock exchanges wavered; the promoters of the referendum themselves were visibly concerned; the heads of the European Chanceries came together but then took different stances and finally, the European ...

Digital semeiotics

2016
The face is the pre-eminent channel of communication among humans: it is a mirror of status, emotions, mood. This is the base principle of Medical Semeiotics, which looks at the face as a revealer of the healthy status of an individual, through a combination of physical signs (e.g., skin colour, subcutaneous fat) and facial expressions. Medical Semeiotics dates back as far as Aristotle's time; nevertheless it is still used by medical practitioners today, who rely on their ability to read the ...

PETRA Project: Personal Transport Advisor: an integrated platform of mobility patterns for Smart Cities to enable demand-adaptive transportation systems

2016
The objective of the PETRA project is to develop a service platform that connects providers & controllers of city transport with the travellers in a new way. Cities get an integrated platform to enable the provision of citizen-centric, demand-adaptive city-wide transportation services. Travellers get mobile applications that facilitate them in making travel priorities and choices for route and modality. The result of the project is a city-wide transportation system comprised of several ...

How to help an otherwise-young person!

2016
The EU-funded DOREMI project (Decrease of cOgnitive decline, malnutRition and sedEntariness by elderly empowerment in lifestyle Management and social Inclusion) showed that in elderly people cognitive decline can be counteract and social inclusion can be improved with the help of cognitive games and a virtual companion to be used with PCs, TVs and tablets. The decline of cognitive ability is strongly related to lifestyle, as well as social engagement, cognitive stimulation, nutrition and ...

Learn PAd: Una Soluzione Orientata ai Processi per l'e-Learning nella Pubblica Amministrazione

2016
The processes behind the functioning of modern Public Administration (PA) are characterized by increasing complexity and continuous evolution. In most cases these processes require a collaborative activity shared among different offices, both within an administration and also across more organizations. Moreover, as related laws and regulations are frequently modified, the administrative processes are constantly transformed requiring the intertwined adaptation of related services and data. At ...

City users' classification with mobile phone data: the Sociometer

2016
Context Mobile devices are today noticeable means by which people disseminate digital tracks of their everyday activities: movements, purchase transactions, preferences, opinions, and so on. In particular, mobile phones and the data they produce revealed as a high-quality proxy for studying people mobility in different domains, such as environmental monitoring, transportation planning , smart cities and social relationship analysis and innovative demographic indexes. Opportunities Currently, a ...

3D supported restoration: the Neptune fountain in Bologna

2016
The restoration of the Neptune Fountain in Bologna (Italy) started in 2016 and will be terminated in the first half of 2017. This action is funded by Comune di Bologna and it is joint project of Bologna University, Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro del MiBACT (ISCR) and CNR-ISTI. This restoration qualifies as a major restoration action both for the complexity of the artwork (a complex multi-material monument, with parts in stone and bronze showing different conservation ...

Community Discovery in Complex (and Dynamic) Networks

2016
In our everyday life, we are used to picture social relations - as well as countless other interactions - as mutable, dynamic and often short-term bonds. Research studies have extensively shown that networks inferred from social ties can be used to observe, characterize and forecast different aspects of human activities (such as predict new connections [1] or the usage of online communication services [2]) and that, in order to correctly describe the social phenomena we study, it is often ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N°2 2016 April-June

2016
THE REPORT ON REGION 2015. - The Report 2015 of Issirfa, edited by Stelio Mangiameli and Giulia Maria Napolitano, was presented on 21st June 2016 at the Senate of the Republic, Rome, in the presence of the Speaker of the Senate Hon. Pietro Grasso, of the President of the National Research Council, Prof. Massimo Inguscio, of the Undersecretary of State to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers for Regional Affairs, Hon. Gianclaudio Bressa, of the President of the Conference of Presidents ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N°1 2016 January-March

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA. Regarding the autonomous regions, there was a significant event in the first quarter of 2016. For the first time in the history of the Italian Republic, the Constitutional Court declared that a repealing referendum proposed by the Regions is admissible (Judgment 17 of 19 January 2016, filed on 2 February 2016). With this judgment, the Constitutional Court has declared that the referendum proposed on prohibiting prospection, search ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N°4 2016 October-December

2016
EDITORIAL - PROF. STELIO MANGIAMELI - DIRECTOR OF THE ISSIRFA The results of the referendum of 4 December creates the basis for a different conclusion of the transitional institutional phase of Italian Regionalism, marked by the legislation produced during the crisis. The referendum stopped a shift towards the centralisation of legislative powers and State control over public financial resources, counterbalanced by the participation in central power through a Senate representing the Regions and ...

Ultra-High-Density Magnetic Recording: Storage Materials and Media Designs

2016
Magnetic recording is presently the leading technology for mass data storage. Its dominant role has been reinforced by the success of cloud computing, which requires huge amounts of data to be stored and managed on a multitude of servers. Nonetheless, the hard-disk storage industry is presently at a crossroad as the current magnetic recording technologies are unable to achieve storage densities beyond 1Tbit/in2. Pushing the recording density to the terabit regime requires new storage materials, ...

Towards a new field of physics: Coherent Caloritronics

2016
Quantum electronics is now a mature field of physics in the sense that its basis is well understood, and in that it is a natural playground to develop quantum technology. Despite this tremendous success in both the understanding and harnessing of charge transport, very little is known regarding the quantum properties of heat transport. The COHERENT CALORITRONICS group at CnrNano activity aims at strengthening the understanding of phase-coherent heat transport in mesoscopic superconducting ...

Highlights 2016

2016
Highlights 2016 (see for details www.SPIN.CNR.it) Superconductivity: Physical Review - R. Citro, P. Marra, A. Braggio. Carbon - R. Fittipaldi, M. Salvato, C. Cirillo, A. Vecchione, C. Attanasio. Physical Review - A. Leo, P. Marra, G. Grimaldi, R. Citro, S. Kawale, E. Bellingeri, C. Ferdeghini, S. Pace, A. Nigro. Scientific Reports - S. Pagano, G. Carapella, P. Sabatino, C. Barone. Topical Review in Superconductor Science and Technology - I. Pallecchi, F. Caglieris, M. ...

Graphene nanoribbons

2016
Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) - strips of graphene few tens of nanometers wide - are good candidates for next-generation graphene based electronics. At the Istituto Nanoscienze of CNR (CnrNano) a research focus is dedicated to the study of structural, electronic, optical and vibrational properties of graphene nanoribbons with theoretical approaches that are developed in collaboration with leading experimental research groups. One of the recent results achieved in the field, is the first ...

Svelato il ruolo centrale del metabolismo nel funzionamento dei linfociti t umani

2016
Il meccanismo molecolare che controlla la funzionalità dei linfociti T dell'uomo è stato chiarito da una ricerca scientifica condotta dal gruppo del Prof. Giuseppe Matarese del Dipartimento di medicina molecolare e biotecnologie mediche dell'Università di Napoli 'Federico II' in collaborazione con il Laboratorio di proteomica dell'Itb-Cnr e il Laboratorio di immunologia dello Ieos-Cnr. I risultati dello studio sono stati pubblicati sulla prestigiosa rivista Immunity. I linfociti T umani sono ...