Focus

L'impatto sociale del volontariato

2018
Il CNR-Irpps sta completando un'indagine mirata a definire il contributo dell'offerta di interventi sociali e socio-sanitari delle maggiori organizzazioni operanti nel campo del trasporto infermi in Italia. Con Croce Rossa Italiane e ANPAS è stato analizzato l'impatto sociale del volontariato organizzato attraverso l'utilizzo di metodologie e tecniche quantitative e qualitative. I primi risultati mostrano come sia possibile misurare l'impatto sociale del volontariato su un territorio attraverso ...

SVEGLIE - Studio e valutazione dell'impatto delle misure di riequilibrio di genere previste dalla legislazione vigente in materia di cariche elettive e di governo

2018
Nonostante decenni di mobilitazione e di politiche per promuovere le pari opportunità di genere, l'uguaglianza appare ancora oggi lontana, sia negli ambiti privati sia nella sfera pubblica. Sono infatti ancora evidenti e talvolta anche molto ampi i gap a svantaggio delle donne anche nella rappresentanza politica. Diversi sono stati gli interventi legislativi mirati al riequilibrio di genere nel nostro paese, l'ultimo è molto recente ed è stato introdotto dalla legge elettorale (purtroppo ...

DEA - Donne e Audiovisivo

2018
Nel settore audiovisivo le disuguaglianze sono evidenti, come emerge da tempo in alcune ricerche pilota (EWA): - L'88% dei film a finanziamento pubblico italiano sono diretti da uomini. Solo nel 12% dei casi si registra una regia femminile. - Il 79% dei film prodotti dalla Rai è stato diretto da uomini. Sono quindi solo il 21% i film prodotti dalla Rai con una regista . - Il 90.8% dei film che arrivano alle sale cinematografiche è diretto da uomini. Meno del 10% (9,2%) sono i film diretti da ...

Claiming Citizenship Rights in Europe. Emerging Challenges and Political Agents

2018
How can the European Union protect the rights of its citizens? This book, funded by the European Commission, Directorate-General Justice, presents some case studies in which social groups, ethnic minorities and avant-garde have used the European legal instruments to assert their claims. This has often allowed to widen the sphere of rights in member countries, showing that, even without having coercive instruments, EU legal instruments can contribute to achieving progressive outcomes. The ...

Crime and Global Justice. The Dynamics of International Punishment

2018
A new criminal justice system has re-emerged in the last quarter of a century: national judges have become increasingly bold in prosecuting crimes committed elsewhere, the United Nations has set up specific international tribunals and a large number of states have even instituted the permanent International Criminal Court. What is the effect of these ambitious transformations? Are we facing a new global justice or the will of the most powerful players to process their enemies? Through the ...

SaVeGraINPuglia

2018
"Recovery, characterization, preservation and valorisation of leguminous and forage grains in Puglia" (SaVeGraINPuglia), developed by twenty-one participants in the Temporary Association of Purpose (ATS) of which the Institute of Biosciences and BioRiorse of Bari was lead, ended in February of 2018. At the end of a long journey, started in 2013 within the rural development plans of the region Puglia (PSR), on February 6, 2018 was held in Bari at the Mercure Hotel Villa Romanazzi-Carducci, the ...

Data Analytics for safety of platooning vehicles

2018
The development of automotive cooperative systems has progressed significantly to the point of real world testing (e.g. Google Driverless Car), and are anticipated to offer significant safety benefits for society in general. Most of these automotive cooperative systems are based in V2V and V2I to facilitate communications among vehicles and infrastructure, safety applications to analyse data and identify potential collisions, intelligent Human-Machine Interfaces (HMI) that warn drivers and true ...

ILIESI Newsletter n. 4

2018
LA NEWSLETTER DELL'ILIESI - n. 4 dicembre 2018 Iniziative, attività e progetti Plurilinguismo e migrazioni. Nuova collana CNR edizioni; Leibniz e l'Italia: un seminario internazionale in autunno; Traduzioni filosofiche in età tardo antica e medievale; Critica genetica e umanistica digitale; Filosofia e Migrazioni a Didacta; Fonti, Flussi, Onde. Un convegno internazionale a Villa Mirafiori; In memoria di G. Giannantoni e di L.A. Stella. Pubblicazioni Aristotele e la decisione: un nuovo studio; ...

Visible Light Communication: back to the origin or leap of faith?

2018
Best things in life are free! Visible Light Communication (VLC) allows high rate data transmission while illuminating. Are we going back to more than 100 years ago when Bell performed his transmissions through a photophone? By sure, we are using the same principles. It is sufficient to quickly switch on and off the LED light to transmit a wide bandwidth signal invisible to the human eye and completely safe for the human body. VLC can be applied in several fields: - In office or at home, ...

Digital plant phenotyping platform.

2018
The Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources of the National Research Council (IBBR-CNR) hosted a training course at ALSIA - Centro Ricerche Metapontum Agrobios, on a high-throughput and digital plant phenotyping platform. The course aimed at introducing the emerging field of mechanized plant phenotyping. The platform uses imaging methodologies to collect data for complex studies related to plant growth, yield and adaptation to biotic or abiotic stresses. The course has been attended by almost ...

A revolutionary model of breast cancer metastasis in vitro: new horizons for research and identification of innovative therapies

2018
Cancer patients developing metastatic disease are considered incurable. Breast cancer is one of the most common, hitting 1 women in 8, and in some cases it progresses to form metastases, such as bone metastases. A major hurdle to overcome breast cancer mortality is the lack of understanding of dynamics leading to the spread of breast cancer cells to the bone. The Genoa Bioengineering Laboratory of the IEIIT Institute coordinates a European project H2020 FET-OPEN (Future Emerging Technology), ...

Citizen Science and the Health at Urban Coast

2018
The complex nature of sea pollution in urban areas due to antropic activities prevents traditional monitoring techniques from obtaining measurements representative of true human exposure and the real health status of an urban context. 'Citizen Observatories', at urban, regional or global level, used together with innovative technologies can strengthen environmental monitoring capabilities and reduce running costs of institutional protocols. Citizens Observatories (CO) by now are viewed as a ...

Opinion dynamics in a social network

2017
Dating back to the 60's, and particularly since the advent and successful proliferation of social media, a significant effort has been devoted by the research community to the development of mathematical models describing the evolution of opinions/beliefs in an ecosystem composed of socially interacting individuals. The goal is to gain insights into collective dominant social behaviors and into the impact of different components of the system while being able to predict possible outcomes of ...

The importance of worker reputation in crowd-work systems

2017
Crowd work is a term often adopted to identify networked systems that can be used for the solution of a wide range of complex problems by integrating a large number of human and/or computer efforts. Among several different types of crowd work systems that are already operational in the Internet, a large research effort has been devoted to characterize the performance of microtask-based crowd work systems. The key characteristic of these systems is that a requester structures his problem in a set ...

ILIESI Newsletter n. 2

2017
LA NEWSLETTER DELL'ILIESI - n. 2 dicembre 2017 Iniziative, attività e progetti Una convenzione innovativa tra ILIESI e Dipartimento di Filosofia dell'Università Sapienza; Importante accordo con l'editore De Gruyter per la pubblicazione della rivista "Elenchos"; "Logos". A cinquecento anni dalla Riforma protestante; Progetto PON "Beni e Patrimonio Culturale: governare la progettazione"; Migration Studies. Progetto FAMI 2014-2020; Torno Subito 2017; Amalfi. Studiosi a convegno per una nuova ...

Biochemical adaptations and biotechnological applications of marine cold-adapted organisms

2017
Antartide è un ancora un'area inesplorata per molti aspetti, incluso la diversità biologica e, anche più, diversità chimica. Grazie alla sua storia evolutiva ed isolamento ecologico, ambienti marini ed Antartici si sono aspettati di ospitare comunità biologiche ed uniche che potevano bioactive di romanzo di biosynthesize combina, potenzialmente prezioso per molte domande come pharmaceuticals, supplementi nutritivi e cosmeceuticals. I nostri scopi sono: 1) assaggiare nuovo / noto, ...

Non-coding RNA: the DNA damage fingerprints of cancer cells

2017
The integrity of our genome has to be maintained ed to prevent accumulation of harmful mutations, or cell death. This is even more needed in tumor cells where breaks in DNA occur at higher frequency. This feature of cancer cells can be exploited to set up therapeutic strategies based on inhibition of DNA repair with the aim to induce cell death. The drugs used so far to strike this "Achilles heel" of cancer cells block the enzymatic activity of essential DNA repair proteins, such as ATM, ATR or ...

Un gustoso 'fiore nero'

2017
Versatile in cucina e benefico per le sue proprietà antiossidanti e depurative, il carciofo è presente sulle nostre tavole, grazie alle tante varietà presenti in tutta Italia, coltivabili da ottobre a giugno. Al nostro Paese, tra l'altro, spetta il primato della produzione mondiale, pari a 500 mila tonnellate, di cui il 35% in Puglia, il 32% in Sicilia, il 21% in Sardegna, il 7% in Campania e il 4% nel Lazio, su una superficie totale di circa 47.000 ettari. Ben 4 varietà con marchio ...

Two genomic regions and lifestyle factors associated with human longevity.

2017
Genomic analysis of longevity offers the potential to illuminate the biology of human aging. In a study, recently published in Nature Communications, a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 606,059 parents' survival, helped discover two regions associated with longevity (HLA-DQA1/DRB1 and LPA). Previous suggestions that APOE, CHRNA3/5, CDKN2A/B, SH2B3 and FOXO3A influence longevity have also been validated. Next, the study shows that giving up smoking, educational attainment, openness to new ...

A calendar to raiise funds for AIRC

2017
I volti delle donne" is a photo project ideated by Manuela Lanzafame, postdoc at the Institue of Molecular Genetics IGM-CNR of Pavia. Portraits of fourteen girls were used to describe different expression characterizing women and were used to realize a calendar. Earnings will be entirely devolved to the Italian foundation for cancer research (AIRC).

FORESTE, CAMBIAMENTI CLIMATICI E ADATTAMENTO

2017
Fornire al settore forestale europeo migliori conoscenze, metodi e strumenti per ottimizzare la gestione e l'uso sostenibile delle risorse genetiche forestali, è un obiettivo sempre più rilevante soprattutto in un contesto di cambiamenti climatici a cui il nostro pianeta sta andando incontro. Per raggiungere questo obiettivo, una delle nostre ricerche (www.gentree-h2020.eu) si sta concentrando principalmente sullo studio delle basi molecolari dell'adattamento di 12 specie arboree forestali, ...

Landslides in the Solar System

2017
On Earth, landslides are hazardous phenomena often associated with economic damage and loss of human lives. The most common natural triggers of terrestrial landslides are intense or prolonged rainfall, earthquakes, rapid snow melting, and volcanic activity. But what are the main natural triggers of landslides on other solid bodies of the Solar System? Since the early 70's of the last century, landslides were observed on the surface of the Moon, Mars, Mercury and Venus, to mention only the ...

Migrations and integrations in Italy

2017
Most of the Institute's researchers and associates, also benefiting from the collaboration of colleagues from other organizations that have been working with us for a long time, contributed to the book. It gathers a total of 27 essays on various aspects of the changing aspects of internal and international mobility, one of the social phenomena of utmost importance and on which the Institute has developed ample expertise that enables it to study this phenomenon from various points of view and ...

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 1 2017

2017
ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 1 2017

ISSIRFA NEWSLETTER N° 2-3 2017

2017
The new newsletter of the Institute, which has been totally renewed, is available online from 28 December 2017. Because of the restructuring, this issue reports on the activities carried out in the second and third four-month periods of 2017. Users can follow the information on past and future events, conferences and workshops that the Institute has organized or participated in. There are also updates on activities and research work under way as well as on publications and all the most recent ...

The Rights of Persons with Disabilities: the UN Convention and implementing Practice at international, European and national levels

2017
In the framework of the ISGI Project "Multilevel protection of human rights between international law, European law and domestic legal order", the volume The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. A Commentary edited by V. Della Fina, R. Cera, G. Palmisano, Springer, pp. XXXII- 765, ISBN 978-3-319-43788-0, also in the e-book version ISBN 978-3-319-43790-3, has been published (see https://www.springer.com/la/book/9783319437880 ). The book is the main scientific ...

The Secular Decay of the Semi-Major Axis of the Lares SatelliteLLITE

2017
The LAser Ranged Satellites Experiment (LARASE) has the goal to carry out a sequence of measurements of relativistic effects using specific Earth-orbiting satellites for verifying the predictions of General Relativity and of alternatives theories proposed for the description of the gravitational interaction. These measurements are achieved in the so-called weak-field and slow-motion (WFSM) limit of the theory, by means of passive "cannonball" satellites tracked very precisely with the Satellite ...

Advanced multi-layer system based on surfaces and innovative nanostructured materials for a sustainable and energy-efficient construction

2017
In the last years, there has been a growing interest in the integrated use of innovative materials and ICT technologies to design a new concept of building, meeting the requirements of environmental compatibility and sustainability in terms of materials and energy. In the framework of the Tuscany Regional Project SELFIE, new technological components for buildings have been designed and implemented aiming at introducing new prototypical facade elements that can have a great impact on energy ...

Formal Methods for the Railway Sector

2017
Researchers from the Formal Methods and Tools group of ISTI-CNR are working on a review and assessment of the main formal modelling and verification languages and tools used in the railway domain, with the aim of evaluating the actual applicability of the most promising ones to a moving block signalling system model. The research is being conducted in the context of the EU H2020 Shift2Rail project ASTRail: SAtellite-based Signalling and Automation SysTems on Railways along with Formal Method ...

Muscle Cell News

2017
The e-scientific newsletter Connexon Creative highlights as THIS WEEK'S TOP STORY the paper "Estrogens enhance myoblast differentiation in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy by antagonizing DUX4 activity", result of a research carried out in our Institute (https://www.musclecellnews.com/issue/). Connexon Creative sifts through all of the most recent scientific literature and news, and selects the most relevant and highest impact publications on regenerative medicine. This week, it ...