Focus

Landslides in the Solar System

2017
On Earth, landslides are hazardous phenomena often associated with economic damage and loss of human lives. The most common natural triggers of terrestrial landslides are intense or prolonged rainfall, earthquakes, rapid snow melting, and volcanic activity. But what are the main natural triggers of landslides on other solid bodies of the Solar System? Since the early 70's of the last century, landslides were observed on the surface of the Moon, Mars, Mercury and Venus, to mention only the ...

Popolazione a Rischio da Frana e da Inondazione

2016
Nonostante il numero e frequenza delle frane e delle inondazioni che colpiscono i nostri territori, e la quantità di informazioni anche reperibili online su eventi di frana e di inondazione, il tema del rischio geo-idrologico resta poco conosciuto per la maggioranza dei cittadini. La mancata conoscenza si riflette sulla scarsa percezione che i cittadini hanno dei rischi geo-idrologici. Una delle cause della poca conoscenza è la modalità con cui i temi del rischio geo-idrologico sono stati ...

Automated Inclinometer System (AIS) for deep-seated ground deformation measurements

2015
An innovative robotized inclinometer system for inclinometer measurements to evaluate deep-seated ground deformations in standard boreholes. Our AIS (Automated Inclinometer System) allows for fully automatic inclinometer measurements in standard boreholes. The deep measurements have multiple applications, including (i) evaluating the rate of deep-seated ground deformation in landslide areas, (ii) evaluating the volume of deep-seated landslides, and (ii) assessing landslide hazards. The AIS is ...

Seismic microzonation

2015
The location of Italian Peninsula at the convergence between the African and Eurasian plates, makes it a Country with high level of seismic hazard. The relationship between the damage and the energy released by earthquakes is much stronger in Italy than in other Countries with high seismicity, such as California or Japan. This is mainly because our Country is characterized by the presence of historical centers with buildings that often are not adequate to support seismic forces. Our historical ...

Pesticide mitigation measures

2015
Writing the Mitigation Measure Whitebook for Italy. Surface water bodies (e.g. rivers, streams, lakes, ponds) need to be protected from unacceptable impacts of crop protection products. Diffuse pollution can originate from correct pesticide applications to fields; two major potential pollution pathways exist: surface runoff and spray drift. Each of these pollution pathways may lead in principle to unacceptable predicted exposure concentrations in the receiving water body. Consequently, suitable ...

Discovery of a new submarine hydrothermal system off Zannone Island (western Pontine Archipelago, Tyrrhenian Sea)

2015
A giant depression (0.5 km2) associated with hydrothermal activity has been recently discovered, on the seafloor surrounding Zannone Island (western Pontine Archipelago, Tyrrhenian Sea) at water depth ranging between 110 and 130 m, by CNR-IGAG researchers. This depression has been studied through very high resolution bathymetric data in the framework of the MaGIC project (http://www.magicproject.it/). Successively, during the research cruise "BOLLE 2014" aboard of the Urania R/V the site has ...

Detecting rainfall from the bottom up

2014
A new algorithm to help detecting rainfall from the bottom up SM2RAIN is an innovative system for the estimation of the rainfall, based on measurements of the soil water content. SM2RAIN considers the soil as a natural rain gauge, and by measuring temporal variations of the soil water content, it estimates the rainfall falling on the soil, adopting a "bottom up" approach. Technically, SM2RAIN relies on the inversion of the soil water balance equation that computes the repartition of rainfall ...

Nanostructured novel sensors for pollutants monitoring

2014
Sensors based on nanostructured materials, due to their extremely reduced size as well as electrical and optical properties related to the matter arrangement, are able both to communicate with the infinitely small world and to perceive and to reveal even a single molecule in the atmosphere or a single ion in the liquid. In addition the development of nanostructured sensing materials provides high surface-area-to-volume ratio layers mimicking the strong biological sensory systems. These sensors ...

FITOALIMURGIC Garden 2011

2011
DOCUMENTARY IN COMPETITION IN ROME DOCSCIENT 2011

Emissioni industriali sulle diossine

2010
L'attività svolta è stata incentrata principalmente sullo studio dei processi chimici legati all'inquinamento ambientale, ed ha permesso di maturare l'esperienza necessaria a valutare, sul campo, l'affidabilità delle principali tecniche di campionamento e di analisi e lo studio di processi tecnologici e sistemi di abbattimento che consentano la riduzione degli inquinanti. a) Sviluppo di metodiche per l'identificazione ed il dosaggio di microinquinanti organici Lo sviluppo di tecniche on-line ...

Illicit psychotropic substances in the atmosphere

2010
An extensive investigation focused on the occurrence of legal and illicit psychotropic substances in the atmosphere was started in 2006, after cocaine was identified in Rome. Several investigations have been carried out in Italy and abroad in urban, suburban and rural areas, and an important data base has been set up. According to it, the illicit substances seem to be widespread in the environment and show time and space modulations independent of those of usual air pollutants. On the basis of ...

Urban pollution from wood combustion

2010
Urban pollution is a many-sided issue of main complexity, either since a major fraction of population live in large or medium- sized cities, where exposure to the urban cocktail may induce serious health effects, or due to the fact that urban areas represent an important pollution source themselves. Concerning the airborne particulate matter, a hugely composite mix of many different inorganic and organic chemical species under solid or liquid phase in the atmosphere, the urban environment ...

International Environmental Legislation

2010
In the framework of the Agreement between the Italian Ministry for the environment, land and sea - Department for Environmental Research and Development and the Institute of Atmospheric Pollution (IIA) - National Research Council, the IIA assists the Ministry to coordinate the Italian participation to the EU activities and programs and to the international negotiations (UNEP and UNECE). At regional level, the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) represents since ...

Rischi naturali in aree costiere

2009
Nell'ambito delle attività di ricerca del dell'IAMC è stato pubblicato il volume:"Geohazard in rocky coastal areas" a cura di Crescenzo Violante incentrato su tematiche riguardanti i rischi naturali in aree costiere. Il volume è una Pubblicazione Speciale della Geological Society of London (SP 322). Il volume raccoglie nove contributi scientifici che illustrano diversi aspetti della pericolosità e del rischio naturale derivanti da eventi geologici in aree di costa rocciosa. I casi studio si ...

il suolo, la sua gestione e interazioni con l'ambiente

2008
Il suolo riveste un ruolo fondamentale in diverse aree scientifiche: 1) idrologia di versante e bacino a diverse scale; 2) salvaguardia delle qualità delle acque di falda; 3) controllo e produzione di sedimenti; 4) magazzino dinamico di carbonio organico; 5) substrato di base per la vegetazione. Il suolo è pertanto fondamentale per la comprensione di una notevole quantità di eventi e processi che spaziano dalla prevenzione e mitigazione di rischi di frana ed esondazione al controllo del ...

Previsioni mensili delle anomalie di temperatura e precipitazione mediante il modello globale GLOBO. Autori: P. Malguzzi, A. Buzzi, O. Drofa, C. Rendina

2008
E' stato messo a punto presso l'ISAC, nell'ambito di un'Intesa Operativa con il Dipartimento della Protezione Civile, un sistema di previsioni mensili probabilistiche (extended range ensemble forecasting), basato sull'utilizzo del modello globale GLOBO, sviluppato presso l'Istituto. Il modello GLOBO è stato perfezionato mediante implementazione di uno schema di mixed layer oceanico e di evoluzione della copertura dei ghiacci marini, oltre che di una parametrizzazione del drag orografico. Sono ...

EU LIFE PERBIOF PROJECT (A new technology for treating municipal and/or industrial wastewater with low environmental impact)

2007
Conventional suspended biomass reactors (e.g. activated sludge systems), widely used for treating municipal and/or industrial wastewater, have the disadvantage of large area requirement and high surplus biomass production. This explains the great effort being made worldwide to find a replacement for conventional technologies, with innovative ones aimed at lower footprint, better operational flexibility and lower sludge production. In such a contest, the Water Research Institute (IRSA) of the ...

ESI 2007: A NEW MACROSEISMIC SCALE BASED ON THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS.

2007
The Environmental Seismic Intensity scale (ESI2007) is a new earthquake intensity scale only based on the effects triggered by the earthquake in the natural environment. The coseismic effects considered more diagnostic for intensity evaluation are surface faulting and tectonic uplift/subsidence (primary effects), landslides, ground cracks, liquefactions, displaced boulders, tsunamis and hydrological anomalies (secondary effects). The ESI 2007 scale follows the same basic structure as any other ...

Everest Pyramid GAW Station: a new laboratory for atmospheric sciences and climate studies in Himalaya. By Paolo Bonasoni

2007
The negative effects of climate change are mostly observed in developing Countries, with particular emphasis on Asia. As in other parts of the world, this area is under a double threat: the first one, at a larger scale, is related to global warming as a result of increasing greenhouse gas emissions to which the Asian continent contributes significantly, while the second one is connected to climate change at the regional scale, influenced by the high aerosol - black carbon in the first place - ...

WAESS (West Arm Exchange Enhancement System) Project: for the restoration of the Lake Como First Basin

2007
The WAEES Project aims at the installation of a propeller system designed to increase the flushing rate of the southernmost region of the Lake Como West Arm (the so-called First Basin) characterized by high residence time due to the absence of a natural outflow. The first phase of the project (2006-2007) saw IRSA-CNR and the Centre for Water Research (CWR) of the University of Western Australia jointly work with the Centro di Cultura Scientifica A. Volta (the project manager). WAEES developed a ...

With the ALP-IMP project the climate of the last two centuries of a vast European area centering on the Alps has been reconstructed.

2007
A database on climate change over the last two centuries has been realized thanks to the European project ALP-IMP (Multi-centennial climate variability in the Alps based on Instrumental data, Model simulations and Proxy data), where the group of Historical Climatology of the Institute of Atmospheric and Climatic Sciences (ISAC) of the National Research Council, Bologna, headed by Teresa Nanni, participated for Italy. Research was carried out in collaboration with Maurizio Maugeri of the ...

Salt water intrusion monitoring with time lapse electrical tomography in the southern Venice Lagoon.

2007
In this focus we present the results of an electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) time lapse experiment aimed at monitoring the dynamics of the saltwater intrusion in the coastland bounding the southern Venice Lagoon, near Chioggia (Italy). The knowledge of dynamics of the saltwater intrusion in the lagoon system is important to preserve from the salination this area where a flourishing agricultural activity is present. The experiment was performed and funded in the framework of the CORILA ...

Air quality simulations: BOLCHEM. by F. Tampieri

2007
The atmospheric pollution forecast is a challenging target, which is not far to be reached by the scientific tools developed in the last years. The research objective is to better understand the processes that affect the air quality and their impact on meteorology and climate; the practical objective is to produce tools for the governance and support to decisions. The growing public interest solicited new European economic resources towards such end. In particular EU finances the Integrated ...

IL LIDAR NELLO STUDIO DELL'EVOLUZIONE MORFOLOGICA DI FRANE E CORSI D'ACQUA

2007
La disponibilità di strumentazioni in grado di fornire (DTM) Modelli Digitali del Terreno di elevata precisione permette un monitoraggio areale dell'evoluzione morfologica di ampie porzioni di territorio. In tale ambito, il CNR IRPI di Torino (che coordina la Commessa: TA.P05.010 / Sviluppo e applicazione di tecnologie innovative di caratterizzazione e monitoraggio per la previsione, mitigazione e gestione dei fenomeni di instabilità geo-idrologica o relativi a grandi opere e reti ...

Network per lo studio e la gestione delle fioriture di Ostreopsis spp. e di altre microalghe bentoniche potenzialmente tossiche lungo le coste italiane

2006
La network o rete BENTOX-NET, a cui afferiscono ricercatori con consolidata esperienza nell'affrontare le tematiche dei bloom microalgali, comprende le expertise richieste per affrontare le ricerche sugli HAB (Harmful Algal Blooms). La rete (network), che si considera attiva dal momento della formazione sulla base delle risorse disponibili, si propone di: - stabilire una comunicazione ottimale fra gruppi di ricerca già impegnati sul territorio italiano in studi sul problema delle fioriture ...

Development of codominant and functional molecular markers in Juglans spp.

2006
The goal is to identify functional molecular markers for the early selection of plants tolerant to biotic stress. The researches are carried out on Juglans spp. and foresee the genetic characterization of a "mixed" population of plants J.regia, J.nigrae the identification of any interspecific hybrids using dominant molecular markers (RAPD, ISSR and nuclear microsatellitism (SSR) codominati.Also we will conduct the analysis of half-sib families from free pollination of J. nigra parent plants, ...

Extraordinary deep origin (≥ 350 km) and hot melting (≥ 1800 °C) of an Archaean orogenic peridotite massif in Norway

2006
Decompression microstructures preserved in the mineral garnet from a Norwegian orogenic peridotite massif exposed on Otrøy Island revealed that this mantle fragment was exhumed from depths ≥ 350 km close to that of the Mantle Transition Zone (410 km). This peridotite massif represents one of the deepest kilometre-size mantle rock units discovered at the Earth's surface. The recognition of this extraordinary depth of origin enables the detailed study of the deep Earth now at the surface, ...

Il Progetto EU AQUASTRESS (Mitigation of Water Stress through new Approaches to Integrating Management, Technical, Economic and Institutional Instruments)

2006
AquaStress è un Progetto Integrato di ricerca, avviato nel Febbraio 2005 nell'ambito del VI Programma Quadro dell'Unione Europea e della durata di quattro anni, cui partecipano 35 Istituzioni (Enti di ricerca, Università, Organizzazioni non-governative) appartenenti a 17 nazioni europee e del bacino mediterraneo, Nord Africa incluso. Il progetto è coordinato dall'Istituto di Ricerca Sulle Acque del CNR. Il consorzio di partner è caratterizzato da un'elevata interdisciplinarità, con esperti ...

Biotecnologie applicate al risanamento di aree marine contaminate da petrolio e implementazione di tecnologie innovative

2005
I disastri dovuti ad episodi di oil spill in mare sono eventi accidentali che hanno un enorme impatto sugli ecosistemi marini. Tale scenario richiede interventi mirati da un lato al monitoraggio delle aree marine a rischio, che consenta la predizione di disastri ambientali, dall'altro alla implementazione di nuove tecnologie innovative finalizzate recupero delle aree contaminate. Presso la sezione di Messina , è stata incrementata l'attività di ricerca sui BIC (batteri idrocarburoclastici) ...

Individuazione e Monitoraggio di Specie Alloctone nei Mari di Taranto

2005
A conclusione del Progetto "Introduzione e Monitoraggio di Specie Alloctone nei mari di Taranto" (IMSAT), MIUR, D.M. 1015 4/10/2001, è stato preparato un'opuscolo, a carattere divulgativo, avente lo scopo di sensibilizzare tutti coloro che operano in contatto col mare, le autorità preposte alla tutela dell'ambiente e della salute umana e l'opinione pubblica, in generale. L'opuscolo si prefiggeva anche di individuare delle linee guida da suggerire per evitare l'introduzione di specie ...