Focus

FameLab Pavia: the winner is .... Matteo Cabrini

2019
Yesterday evening, 28th February 2019, the final selection of FameLab Pavia was held and the winner was Matteo Cabrini, a brilliant Post-Doc of the IGM-CNR who gave a presentation on Homeopathy. FameLab Pavia was organized by INFN in collaboration with the Municipality of Pavia, IUSS University School of Pavia, EUCENTRE and the Institute of Molecular Genetics-CNR. The compliments to Matteo and the second classified who spoke about biotechnology with an intervention on beer. But congratulations ...

A New Strategy To Fight the West Nile Virus Infection

2019
A new family of DDX3X helicase inhibitors has been discovered to be effective in blocking West Nile virus replication in human cells without damaging healthy cells. The study conducted by research groups coordinated by Giovanni Maga (Institute of Molecular Genetics of the National Research Council of Pavia) and by Maurizio Botta (University of Siena), is published in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Brai A., Martelli F., Riva V., Garbelli A., Fazi R., Zamperini C. et al., DDX3X Helicase ...

Lo splicing alternativo che nutre il tumore

2019
Un gruppo di ricerca dell'Istituto di Genetica Molecolare del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR-IGM) di Pavia guidato da Claudia Ghigna, sostenuto dall'AIRC-Associazione italiana per la ricerca contro il cancro e in collaborazione con il gruppo di Ugo Cavallaro dello IEO di Milano, ha scoperto che nei vasi sanguigni del tumore ovarico, una delle cause più comuni di morte per cancro nella popolazione femminile tra i 50 e i 69 anni, viene prodotta una nuova variante delle proteina L1, a cui ...

Discovering the laws of life: portraits by Redi, Maupertuis, Trembley, von Humboldt, Wallace, Mendel

2019
A new book by dr. Federico Focher entitled "Alla scoperta delle leggi della vita. Ritratti di Redi, Maupertuis, Trembley, Humboldt, Wallace, Mendel" was published (editor "Il prato"). Every scientific discovery, however revolutionary, is not born from nothing, but it is the last flower of a great tree, without which it would never have blossomed. Certainly you could just admire the cut flower, but only by knowing the leaves, the branch on which it shows itself, the tree as a whole, and the ...

ERC Advanced Grant to Fabrizio d'Adda di Fagagna

2019
The prestigious ERC Advanced Grant was given to Fabrizio d'Adda di Fagagna, researcher of IGM-CNR of Pavia and IFOM of Milan specialized in response to DNA damage and cellular senescence. His pioneering research has already conquered in the past years another Advanced Grant and two Grants Proof of Concept, always destined by the European Commission to his particularly innovative and daring projects.

Verso nuovi modelli neuronali per la cura della malattia di Huntington

2018
' in uscita ad aprile, sulla rivista scientifica 'Stem Cell Research', uno studio che apre nuove prospettive per la cura della malattia di Huntington, frutto della collaborazione tra Andrea Ilari dell'Istituto di biologia e patologia molecolari (Ibpm) del Cnr di Roma e Ferdinando Squitieri dell'Irccs 'Casa Sollievo della sofferenza' di San Giovanni Rotondo (Foggia). Il lavoro nasce dall'esigenza di scoprire i meccanismi molecolari coinvolti nello sviluppo di questa patologia genetica ...

Scoperta nella regolazione di fattori cruciali per la formazione dei tumori

2018
Nuovo studio sulla rivista Oncogene finanziato da Airc. Regina Elena e Ibpm-Cnr: scoperta regolazione di fattori cruciali per la formazione dei tumori. «La proteina Aurora B - spiega Cinzia Rinaldo (leader del gruppo IBPM) - è spesso deregolata nei tumori e il suo malfunzionamento può portare alla formazione e progressione dei tumori». Dice Gennaro Ciliberto, direttore dell'Ospedale Regina Elena pe rlo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori di Roma: «Il lavoro aggiunge un nuovo tassello che chiarisce ...

Distrofia di Duchenne, un gene artificiale apre la strada a nuove terapie

2018
Progettati nuovi geni artificiali 'immuno-mimetici' in grado di favorire il recupero muscolare. I risultati dello studio, condotto dal Cnr (IBPM e IBCN), sono stati pubblicati su BBA Molecular Basis of Disease (Marzo 2018). Si chiama Jazz-Zif1 (JZif1) il nuovo gene artificiale capace di aumentare i livelli di utrofina, una proteina in grado di supplire parzialmente all'assenza o al mal funzionamento della distrofina, causa di una delle malattie genetiche più difficili da trattare, la Distrofia ...

Two genomic regions and lifestyle factors associated with human longevity.

2017
Genomic analysis of longevity offers the potential to illuminate the biology of human aging. In a study, recently published in Nature Communications, a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 606,059 parents' survival, helped discover two regions associated with longevity (HLA-DQA1/DRB1 and LPA). Previous suggestions that APOE, CHRNA3/5, CDKN2A/B, SH2B3 and FOXO3A influence longevity have also been validated. Next, the study shows that giving up smoking, educational attainment, openness to new ...

A calendar to raiise funds for AIRC

2017
I volti delle donne" is a photo project ideated by Manuela Lanzafame, postdoc at the Institue of Molecular Genetics IGM-CNR of Pavia. Portraits of fourteen girls were used to describe different expression characterizing women and were used to realize a calendar. Earnings will be entirely devolved to the Italian foundation for cancer research (AIRC).

Muscle Cell News

2017
The e-scientific newsletter Connexon Creative highlights as THIS WEEK'S TOP STORY the paper "Estrogens enhance myoblast differentiation in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy by antagonizing DUX4 activity", result of a research carried out in our Institute (https://www.musclecellnews.com/issue/). Connexon Creative sifts through all of the most recent scientific literature and news, and selects the most relevant and highest impact publications on regenerative medicine. This week, it ...

Anticorpo monoclonale contro la leucemia mieloide acuta

2017
Su iniziativa del gruppo Menarini e di Oxford BioTherapeutics è stato sviluppato un anticorpo monoclonale, umanizzato, MEN1112 che è in grado di riconoscere ed eliminare cellule di leucemia mieloide acuta. Dopo una fase preclinica di studio e caratterizzazione, che ha dimostrato efficacia e tollerabilità, MEN1112 è stato ed è utilizzato in uno uno studio di tipo traslazionale nel quale l'anticorpo ha dimostrato promettente attività in campioni di sangue periferico e midollare di pazienti ...

Non-coding RNA: the DNA damage fingerprints of cancer cells

2017
The integrity of our genome has to be maintained ed to prevent accumulation of harmful mutations, or cell death. This is even more needed in tumor cells where breaks in DNA occur at higher frequency. This feature of cancer cells can be exploited to set up therapeutic strategies based on inhibition of DNA repair with the aim to induce cell death. The drugs used so far to strike this "Achilles heel" of cancer cells block the enzymatic activity of essential DNA repair proteins, such as ATM, ATR or ...

ELIXIR EXCELERATE, AN EUROPEAN PROJECT FOR BIOINFORMATICS TRAINING IN THE LIFE SCIENCES

2017
The European consortium Elixir is devoted to coordinate, integrate and sustain bioinformatics resource in LIfe Science research accross Eurpean countries. In this article, the IBPM coordinator and coordinators of other European nodes operating in the ELIXIR-EXCELERATE project (https://www.elixir-europe.org/about-us/how-funded/eu-projects/excelerate), describe the Train-the-Trainer (TtT) programme, designed to empower scientists to deliver high-quality training in bioinformatics. The TtT ...

AN INNOVATIVE STRATEGY TO KILL CANCER CELLS

2017
Cancer cells show profoundly altered mitotic divisions, and mitotic proteins are viewed as potential targets of novel antineoplastic drugs. Here, we have developed an in silico virtual screening to identify one small molecule targeting the interaction surface between microtubules and the kinetochore protein Hec1, thereby blocking microtubule dynamics. This small molecule effectively inhibits neoplastic growth, both in cultured cancer cells and in murine xenograft models, by promoting mitotic ...

MODEL ORGANISMS TO DISSECT THE MECHANISMS OF CELL DIVISION

2017
INT6/eIF3e is a highly conserved protein involved in several processes and downregulated in many human cancers. In this work, we show that loss of Int6 alters spindle microtubule behavior in mitosis, and hence affects the accuracy of chromosome segregation, by regulating the stability of specific mitotic proteins. Article: The Drosophila orthologue of the INT6 oncoprotein regulates mitotic microtubule growth and kinetochore structure Renda F, Pellacani C, Strunov A, Bucciarelli E, Naim V, ...

PLANT BIOLOGY: THE MOLECULAR BASES OF PLANT DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTION

2017
The correct synchronization of development of the different tissues of the male organ (stamen) in flowers is essential for male fertility in self-pollinating plants. In this work we demonstrate that the correct distribution of auxin, a plant morphogen, is essential to ensure this synchronization in the model plant Arabidopsis, and that the middle layer - a stamen tissue of previously unknown function - is crucial in generating a developmentally instructive auxin distribution. These findings ...

Neuroscienze: trovato il legame tra personalità e forma del cervello

2017
Come le differenze individuali nella struttura e funzione cerebrale siano legate al modo in cui ci comportiamo e proviamo emozioni e' una di quelle domande "esistenziali" alla quale gli scienziati cercano di dare una risposta da anni. Benchè risultati conclusivi non siano ancora disponibili, i dati raccolti fino ad ora hanno mostrato un forte legame tra la "forma" di alcune aree cerebrali e le varie caratteristiche di personalità. E' la conclusione di un recente studio effettuato da un team ...

UNDERSTANDING THE BASIS OF CANCER RESISTANCE TO THERAPEUTIC DRUGS

2017
Resistance to cancer chemotherapeutics, e.g. taxanes and anthracyclines, is largely due to the overexpression of efflux pumps, in particular ABCB1 (P-glycoprotein or MDR1). Resistance leads to poor clinical outcome. Overexpression of a group of genes that surround the ABCB1 genomic locus (the ABCB1 amplicon), including Sorcin (SRI), may contribute to the establishment of the multidrug-resistant phenotype. Here we show that: i) Sorcin is overexpressed in several tumors and cancer cell lines, in ...

Stimuli-sensitive nano-carriers based on the human ferritin for cancer therapy

2016
Striking and eradicate cancer cells without damaging healthy tissue, how? The answer comes from nanomedicine. The research team led by Dr. Ceci is developing "smart" nano-carriers capable of carrying large amounts of anticancer drugs, directing them selectively towards neoplastic cells. The selective delivery to cancer sites is a critical issue in the outcome of currently used cancer therapeutics that distribute non-specifically in the body, thereby damaging healthy as well as cancer cells. ...

ARMENISE-HARVARD SUMMER FELLOWSHIPS

2016
We are all very proud that Sarah Giacchetti, LM student in Molecular Biology and Genetics, and Marco Roncandor, student in Medicine at the University of Pavia, have won one of the fellowships made available by the Giovanni Armenise-Harvard Foundation in collaboration with CNR, the College Ghislieri, CIBIO / University of Trento, the Scuola Normale and the Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna of Pisa. Both winners are engaged in research work at our institute, Sarah Giacchetti at the Dr. Elena Botta's ...

Two genomic regions and lifestyle factors associated with human longevity.

2016
Genomic analysis of longevity offers the potential to illuminate the biology of human aging. In a study, recently published in Nature Communications, a genome-wide association meta-analysis of 606,059 parents' survival, helped discover two regions associated with longevity (HLA-DQA1/DRB1 and LPA). Previous suggestions that APOE, CHRNA3/5, CDKN2A/B, SH2B3 and FOXO3A influence longevity have also been validated. Next, the study shows that giving up smoking, educational attainment, openness to new ...

Che cosa sapeva Braccio di Ferro dei nitrati?

2016
Braccio di Ferro, con la sua tipica pipa permanentemente in bocca e gli avambracci nerboruti, è un uomo di mare dall'aspetto un po' buffo che si trova sovente in situazioni rissose con Bruto, imponente marinaio attaccabrighe dalla barba folta e nera. L'arma segreta di Braccio di Ferro sono gli spinaci, un alimento ricco di diverse sostanze nutritive tra cui i nitrati. Recenti studi scientifici suggeriscono che l'ossido nitrico, prodotto derivante dai nitrati, svolge diverse funzioni ...

IMMUNOLOGY: THE "MEMORY" OF BONE MARROW T-LYMPHOCYTES

2016
The concept is emerging that the persisting memory T lymphocytes in the bone marrow (BM) is essential for immunological memory and successful response to vaccination, yet many questions remain unsolved. Di Rosa has proposed that the BM is essentially a nest for the homeostatic proliferation of memory T cells. Other researchers propose that the BM is rather a storage depot for memory T cells (debate in Nat Rev Immunol, april 2016). In 2016, Di Rosa proposed the "dual-niche" hypothesis, offering ...

BIOTECHNOLOGY: AN INTERDISCIPLINARY DEVELOPMENT OF DNA-BASED NANOMATERIALS

2016
A synergic collaboration between soft-matter physicists and molecular biologists of nucleic acid has yielded the realization of a new nano-material, DNA-hydrogel, liquid at low and high temperatures (≤20°C, > 45°C) and gelifies at 32/40°C. The liquid DNA hydrogel at 20°C can be easily injected into the organism and then quickly gelifies at body temperature (37°C). The abilty to gelify at 37°C is the starting point for the design and development of novel DNA-hydrogels as carriers ...

Neuropsichiatria: trovati nel cervello i "segni" anatomici della condotta antisociale

2016
Gli adolescenti con gravi comportamenti antisociali presentano evidenti anomalie cerebrali rispetto ai coetanei che non soffrono di questo disturbo: è quanto emerge da una ricerca recentemente pubblicata sulla rivista internazionale Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Lo studio è stato condotto dalle Università di Cambridge e Southampton in collaborazione con l'Università Tor Vergata e il Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR). I ricercatori che hanno partecipato allo studio ...

BACTERIA SECRET WEAPONS

2016
Bacteria are highly adaptable and can live in very hostile environments. Hydrogen sulphide (H2S) is a small gas molecule produced by bacteria in our intestine, and is a powerful inhibitor of cellular respiration by blocking the enzyme responsible for oxygen consumption in human cells. The aim of this study was to assess the hypothesis that some enzymes help bacteria to produce energy and survive despite the presence of acid, often damaging human health. The team led by Ibpm, in collaboration ...

IGM remember Dario Fo

2016
On October 13th, Dario Fo, Nobel Prize for Literature in 1997, died. Others may better illustrate his absolutely original and innovative contributions in the literature and in the performing and visual arts, as well as his passionate commitment to social issues. On our side, we would like to remember the enthusiastic support that he and his wife Franca dedicated to our scientific research, in particular to the project stemming from a collaboration between Giovanni Maga in our Institute and ...

Studio dei microRNA come effettori e regolatori del pathway delle MAP chinasi in melanoma

2016
L'Unità di Oncogenomica della Dott.ssa Poliseno ha sede ad IFC ed è parte del Core Research Laboratory dell'ITT (http://www.ittumori.it/). L'Unità è stata costituita tramite un finanziamento start up erogato dall'ITT nel 2012 e si occupa di studiare il ruolo svolto dai microRNA, piccole molecole di RNA a singolo filamento, come effettori e come regolatori del pathway delle MAP chinasi. Tale pathway, composto dalle proteine RAS, RAF, MEK e ERK, è quello più frequentemente alterato in ...

Respiratory symptoms/diseases prevalence is still increasing: a 25-yr population study

2016
Chronic respiratory diseases and allergic diseases have doubled in the last 25 years and living in a urban area is a risk factors for these diseases. Few epidemiological surveys on general population samples estimated changes in prevalence of respiratory symptoms/diseases over a long time interval. A study performed by the Pulmonary Environmental Epidemiology Unit, Institute of Clinical Physiology, CNR, Pisa, along with the Institute of Biomedicine and Molecular Immunology, CNR, Palermo, the ...