Focus

A revolutionary model of breast cancer metastasis in vitro: new horizons for research and identification of innovative therapies

2018
Cancer patients developing metastatic disease are considered incurable. Breast cancer is one of the most common, hitting 1 women in 8, and in some cases it progresses to form metastases, such as bone metastases. A major hurdle to overcome breast cancer mortality is the lack of understanding of dynamics leading to the spread of breast cancer cells to the bone. The Genoa Bioengineering Laboratory of the IEIIT Institute coordinates a European project H2020 FET-OPEN (Future Emerging Technology), ...

Visible Light Communication: back to the origin or leap of faith?

2018
Best things in life are free! Visible Light Communication (VLC) allows high rate data transmission while illuminating. Are we going back to more than 100 years ago when Bell performed his transmissions through a photophone? By sure, we are using the same principles. It is sufficient to quickly switch on and off the LED light to transmit a wide bandwidth signal invisible to the human eye and completely safe for the human body. VLC can be applied in several fields: - In office or at home, ...

Human-Centered, Smart & Safe, Living Environments Lab

2018
Realizzazione di un living lab presso la sede di ITIA Lecco, che si occupi dello studio delle attività dell'uomo in tutti suoi ambienti di vita: Ufficio, Casa, Luoghi di Cura, Fabbrica. Attività del Lab: o Caratterizzazione dell'utente o Monitoraggio dei parametri fisiologici o Estrazione di indici (scale cliniche, scale per l'analisi del rischio di sovraccarico degli arti, etc.) o Analisi del movimento e della postura o Dispositivi per riabilitazione con supporto di applicazioni in AR-VR o ...

SWIM (SWitchMiner)

2017
Over the last two decades, biological sciences have undergone radical transformation through the development of new research technologies that have produced a real explosion in the amount of data available. Just think of the modern genomic sequencing techniques that have made the sequencing of the human genome, different animal and plant organisms, and many microorganisms simpler, less expensive and more reliable with enormous benefits for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. In the wake of the ...

The Secular Decay of the Semi-Major Axis of the Lares SatelliteLLITE

2017
The LAser Ranged Satellites Experiment (LARASE) has the goal to carry out a sequence of measurements of relativistic effects using specific Earth-orbiting satellites for verifying the predictions of General Relativity and of alternatives theories proposed for the description of the gravitational interaction. These measurements are achieved in the so-called weak-field and slow-motion (WFSM) limit of the theory, by means of passive "cannonball" satellites tracked very precisely with the Satellite ...

The importance of worker reputation in crowd-work systems

2017
Crowd work is a term often adopted to identify networked systems that can be used for the solution of a wide range of complex problems by integrating a large number of human and/or computer efforts. Among several different types of crowd work systems that are already operational in the Internet, a large research effort has been devoted to characterize the performance of microtask-based crowd work systems. The key characteristic of these systems is that a requester structures his problem in a set ...

Spatiotemporal classification of mobile network demands

2017
The surge in mobile data traffic -estimated globally at 3.7 exabytes in 2015, with a 74% increase over 2014 and an overall 4,000-fold growth over the past ten years- has fostered the interest of the computer network community towards better understanding the dynamics of the mobile demand. Indeed, a proper characterization of how mobile services are consumed by subscribers can enable an informed, more efficient tailoring of network resource planning and management to the end users' needs. ...

Opinion dynamics in a social network

2017
Dating back to the 60's, and particularly since the advent and successful proliferation of social media, a significant effort has been devoted by the research community to the development of mathematical models describing the evolution of opinions/beliefs in an ecosystem composed of socially interacting individuals. The goal is to gain insights into collective dominant social behaviors and into the impact of different components of the system while being able to predict possible outcomes of ...

Advanced multi-layer system based on surfaces and innovative nanostructured materials for a sustainable and energy-efficient construction

2017
In the last years, there has been a growing interest in the integrated use of innovative materials and ICT technologies to design a new concept of building, meeting the requirements of environmental compatibility and sustainability in terms of materials and energy. In the framework of the Tuscany Regional Project SELFIE, new technological components for buildings have been designed and implemented aiming at introducing new prototypical facade elements that can have a great impact on energy ...

Formal Methods for the Railway Sector

2017
Researchers from the Formal Methods and Tools group of ISTI-CNR are working on a review and assessment of the main formal modelling and verification languages and tools used in the railway domain, with the aim of evaluating the actual applicability of the most promising ones to a moving block signalling system model. The research is being conducted in the context of the EU H2020 Shift2Rail project ASTRail: SAtellite-based Signalling and Automation SysTems on Railways along with Formal Method ...

Data Analytics for safety of platooning vehicles

2017
The development of automotive cooperative systems has progressed significantly to the point of real world testing (e.g. Google Driverless Car), and are anticipated to offer significant safety benefits for society in general. Most of these automotive cooperative systems are based in V2V and V2I to facilitate communications among vehicles and infrastructure, safety applications to analyse data and identify potential collisions, intelligent Human-Machine Interfaces (HMI) that warn drivers and true ...

CLINEXTRACT: A structured lexicon for the automated extraction of clinical concepts from the multisource medical records of aged people with hearing disabilities

2017
Hearing impairment is very common in older adults: 360 million people over 65 have disabling hearing loss worldwide. It is well recognized that a successful plan for hearing rehabilitation of older people shall take into account not only the technological aspects, such as what type of hearing aid or implanted hearing device is used, but also other aspects broadly related to auditory disability. In this view, key factors include the perceived hearing difficulties in real life, the impact on ...

Graphs, diamonds and words Recognizing diamond-free balanced graphs via Dyck words.

2016
Sometimes, under certain circumstances, we know that problems that are in general hard to solve become easy for certain input instances. Of course, we have to be able to recognize such "lucky instances"and therefore we have to be able to characterize their "lucky properties" and exploit the characterization to devise efficient recognition algorithms. In other words we have to be able to answer the following question efficiently: "Is this instance a lucky one"; if the answer is yes then we are ...

Refitting: ship design review after building. An example of application of an optimization algorithm for continuous constrained optimization to naval design

2016
Production of a ship is a very complex task, representing the synthesis of an intense design activity: all the relevant parameters affecting the mission of the ship are considered in this phase. However, some of these parameters are changing in time, i.e. the payload may increase or reduce due to the different market demands: if the variations are not negligible, a review of the project could be economically advantageous after some years, identifying a modification of the hull able to produce an ...

Deep learning models for text to image retrieval

2016
Researchers of the Networked Multimedia Information System (NeMIS) laboratory of Istituto di Scienza e Tecnologie dell'Informazione "A. Faedo" in Pisa have developed a deep learning-based image search model that works by taking in input a short textual description of the image the user is looking for, e.g.: "a group of skiers in a sunny day". They implemented the actual search process as a similarity search in a visual feature space, by learning to translate a textual query into a deep neural ...

Digital semeiotics

2016
The face is the pre-eminent channel of communication among humans: it is a mirror of status, emotions, mood. This is the base principle of Medical Semeiotics, which looks at the face as a revealer of the healthy status of an individual, through a combination of physical signs (e.g., skin colour, subcutaneous fat) and facial expressions. Medical Semeiotics dates back as far as Aristotle's time; nevertheless it is still used by medical practitioners today, who rely on their ability to read the ...

Remote sensing analysis to detect and identify illegal maritime traffic

2016
In recent years, European maritime countries had to face new situations involving the traffic of illegal vessels. The fight against unauthorized fishing, irregular migration and related smuggling activity has become an international priority. Image processing and computer vision methods can contribute to find a solution to these problems by using the large scale data which is nowadays made available by satellite constellations. With this aim, researchers at the Signals and Images Lab of ...

Community Discovery in Complex (and Dynamic) Networks

2016
In our everyday life, we are used to picture social relations - as well as countless other interactions - as mutable, dynamic and often short-term bonds. Research studies have extensively shown that networks inferred from social ties can be used to observe, characterize and forecast different aspects of human activities (such as predict new connections [1] or the usage of online communication services [2]) and that, in order to correctly describe the social phenomena we study, it is often ...

Hydrogen Generator for Fuel Cell

2016
The question of the worlwide climate modification, due to the human emissions (i.e. greehnouse gas) is alwais more stringent: Europe consumes more petroleum for transportation than for any other energy use; transportation is responsible for about half of the smog forming pollutants in our cities, for up to 90% of the carbon monoxide, and for more than half of the toxic air pollutants. The need to accelerate the development of the technologies able to reduce the effect of the human activity ...

How to help an otherwise-young person!

2016
The EU-funded DOREMI project (Decrease of cOgnitive decline, malnutRition and sedEntariness by elderly empowerment in lifestyle Management and social Inclusion) showed that in elderly people cognitive decline can be counteract and social inclusion can be improved with the help of cognitive games and a virtual companion to be used with PCs, TVs and tablets. The decline of cognitive ability is strongly related to lifestyle, as well as social engagement, cognitive stimulation, nutrition and ...

Cyber-Physical Convergence in the Future Internet

2016
The so-called Cyber-Physical Convergence is one of the main trends of the research in the Future Internet domain. It argues that the pervasiveness of mobile devices with networking capabilities is fostering a convergence between the physical world and the cyber world, whereby smart objects and humans interact with the cyberspace via sensing, computing and communication, generating huge volumes of data flowing between the two worlds. To address this vision, IIT-CNR researchers focus on several ...

BRAKE PAD MATERIALS: EFFECT OF THE COMPOSITION ON FRICTION AND WEAR PROPERTIES

2016
The study deals with the friction and wear properties of materials for brake pads. It has been developed in the frame of a research collaboration with ITT Friction Technologies company, who is one of the world leaders in the field of brake pads. The gradual phasing out of asbestos, recognized as carcinogenic materials, pushed pads manufacturers to move away from them, to the purpose to obtain safe components. Such phenomenon resulted in a wide variety of brake pads, each with its peculiar ...

"Ultra-High-Density Magnetic Recording: Storage Materials and Media Designs"

2016
Magnetic recording is presently the leading technology for mass data storage. Its dominant role has been reinforced by the success of cloud computing, which requires huge amounts of data to be stored and managed on a multitude of servers. Nonetheless, the hard-disk storage industry is presently at a crossroad as the current magnetic recording technologies are unable to achieve storage densities beyond 1Tbit/in2. Pushing the recording density to the terabit regime requires new storage materials, ...

Opere d'arte e imaging iperspettrale

2016
Sulla prestigiosa rivista 'Accounts of Chemical Research' è stato recentemente pubblicato da ricercatori dell'Istituto di fisica applicata 'Nello Carrara' del Cnr (Ifac-Cnr), insieme a un collega della National Gallery of Art di Washington, un lavoro di rassegna dedicato ad alcune delle più significative applicazioni dell'imaging iperspettrale su opere policrome di grande pregio storico artistico. La tecnologia dell'imaging iperspettrale rappresenta oggi una delle più avanzate frontiere ...

SECURITY OF INDUSTRIAL INSTALLATIONS

2016
With specific reference to production processes, industrial security may be defined as the set of the studies, development and the applications of strategies, policies and operative plans, finalized to prevent, manage and solve adverse behaviors against people, environment and properties, either within or outside the industrial site, and against company resources, which are essential to ensure competitiveness in short or long period. In this perspective, industrial installations can represent ...

H2020 PROGRAMME FUNDS A REASEARCH PROJECT FOR THE PRODUCTIONO OF BIO-BUTANOL FROM AGRO-FOOD WASTE

2016
The Institute of Research on Combustion (IRC) is one of the partners of the research project Waste2Fuels 'Sustainable production of next generation biofuels from waste streams' that has been funded under the European Union's research and innovation program Horizon 2020 under the grant agreement no. 654623. The project is coordinated by the Spanish company IRIS Advanced Engineering with the participation of 20 partners from 8 countries, among these the 'Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica dei ...

Privacy Risk Assessment - Privacy-aware Ecosystem for Data Sharing

2016
We live in times of increasing opportunities of sensing and analysing data describing human activities at extreme detail and resolution. Unfortunately, this comes with unprecedented risks, since this data can be related to personal and sensitive information about individuals. Data are tipically stored in the databases of companies (e.g., telecom, insurance and retail companies), which use legal constraints on privacy as a reason for not sharing it with science and society at large. Clearly, this ...

PETRA Project: Personal Transport Advisor: an integrated platform of mobility patterns for Smart Cities to enable demand-adaptive transportation systems

2016
The objective of the PETRA project is to develop a service platform that connects providers & controllers of city transport with the travellers in a new way. Cities get an integrated platform to enable the provision of citizen-centric, demand-adaptive city-wide transportation services. Travellers get mobile applications that facilitate them in making travel priorities and choices for route and modality. The result of the project is a city-wide transportation system comprised of several ...

GaN technology Power-DAC supply modulator for high-speed envelope tracking and driver waveform generation

2016
Modern wireless communication systems employ large bandwidth digital modulated signals with very high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) to enhance spectral efficiency and maximize the data rate. However, high PAPR digital modulations schemes are strongly detrimental for the radiofrequency (RF) amplifier that must operate most of the time several dB in back-off with respect to the nominal power and, therefore, with very low efficiency. A common technique to improve the RF high power amplifier ...

A Platform for Rule-based Personalization of Web Applications in Internet of Things Contexts of Use

2016
The design and development of flexible software able to match the many possible user needs and provide high quality user experience is a major open issue, further complicated by the recent explosion of mobile technology and the Internet of Things (IoT), which have highly increased the variability and heterogeneity of the possible contexts of use of smart applications. In this scenario, such applications need to address extremely contextualized user needs, thus their complete behaviour cannot be ...