Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloPreface to the special issue on 'Disordered serendipity: a glassy path to discovery'
Anno di pubblicazione2020
FormatoElettronico
Autore/iCavagna A.; Franz S.; Giardina I.; Leuzzi L.; Maiorano A.; Marinari E.; Ricci-Tersenghi F.; Rizzo T.; Zamponi F.
Affiliazioni autoriIstituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Consiglio Nazionale delle RIcerche, Via dei Taurini 19, Roma, 00185, Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Consiglio Nazionale delle RIcerche, Via dei Taurini 19, 00185 Roma, Italy; Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Consiglio Nazionale delle RIcerche, Via dei Taurini 19, Roma, 00185, Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi, Consiglio Nazionale delle RIcerche, Via dei Taurini 19, 00185 Roma, Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita ''La Sapienza'', P.le A. Moro 5, Rome, 00185, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita ''La Sapienza'', P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, LPTMS, Orsay, 91405, Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, LPTMS, 91405, Orsay, France; Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, LPTMS, Orsay, 91405, Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, LPTMS, 91405, Orsay, France; Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, LPTMS, Orsay, 91405, Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS, LPTMS, 91405, Orsay, France; CNR-ISC, Sapienza unit and INFN, Sezione di Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, Rome, 00185, CNR-ISC, Sapienza unit and INFN, Sezione di Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; CNR-ISC, Sapienza unit and INFN, Sezione di Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, Rome, 00185, CNR-ISC, Sapienza unit and INFN, Sezione di Roma1, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; CNR-Nanotec, Rome unit, P.le A. Moro 5, Rome, 00185, CNR-Nanotec, Rome unit, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita ''La Sapienza'', P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy, , Italy; Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Chimica e Farmacia Universita degli Studi di Siena, Siena, 53100, Dipartimento di Biotecnologie, Chimica e Farmacia Universita degli Studi di Siena, 53100 Siena;, , Italy; Insituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos, Zaragoza, 50018, Insituto de Biocomputación y Física de Sistemas Complejos, 50018 Zaragoza, Spain, , Spain; INFN, Sezione di Roma1, and CNR-Nanotec, Rome unit, P.le A. Moro 5, Rome, 00185, INFN, Sezione di Roma1, and CNR-Nanotec, Rome unit, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; INFN, Sezione di Roma1, and CNR-Nanotec, Rome unit, P.le A. Moro 5, Rome, 00185, INFN, Sezione di Roma1, and CNR-Nanotec, Rome unit, P.le A. Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy; ISC-CNR, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', ROME, 00185, ISC-CNR, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', 00185 Rome Italy, , , Italy; ISC-CNR, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', ROME, 00185, ISC-CNR, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', 00185 Rome Italy, , , Italy; Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', Rome, 00185, Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ''La Sapienza'', 00185 Rome, Italy, , Italy; Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, Paris, F-75005, Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, F-75005 Paris, France; Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, Paris, F-75005, Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, F-75005 Paris, France; Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, Paris, F-75005, Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, F-75005 Paris, France; Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, Paris, F-75005, Laboratoire de Physique de l'Ecole Normale Supérieure, ENS, Université PSL, CNRS, Sorbonne Université, Université de Paris, F-75005 Paris, France
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • FEDERICO RICCI TERSENGHI
  • ANDREA CAVAGNA
  • IRENE ROSANA GIARDINA
  • LUCA LEUZZI
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractGiorgio Parisi belongs to a rare class of universal scientists. For fifty years, his large breadth of interests and creative intuition has led to new seminal ideas in far-away areas of science. In his scientific career he addressed topics as diverse as particle physics, field theory, statistical mechanics, fluid dynamics, condensed matter, numerical simulations and the constructions of scientific computers. The trans-disciplinary approach of statistical physics to complex systems has been one of the long lasting interests of Parisi, who contributed to the theory of neural networks and the immune system, surface growth, optimization and computational complexity and the collective movement of groups of animals. His work has had a big impact in all the fields he touched. A single work that represents a genuine breakthrough, is the replica symmetry breaking approach to disordered systems and its twin formulation, the cavity method. These methods led to a new understanding in the whole field of complex systems and keep generating new knowledge and stimulating multidisciplinary research. In 1979 Parisi found the exact solution of the Sherrington-Kirkpatrick spin glass through an astonishing analysis of the permutation group of n elements in the limit n -> 0. The effort to interpret his replica symmetry breaking (RSB) led him and his collaborators M´ezard and Virasoro to predict the existence of a new surprising phase, with broken ergodicity, hierarchically organised pure states and non-trivial fluctuations of intensive thermodynamic quantities. The mathematisation of these pioneering results required 30 years of efforts and mathematicians are now discovering vast extensions of these concepts. The impact in physics and other areas of science was immediate. The newly gained confidence in the replica method allowed in the 80's to solve Hopfield model of a neural network and a myriad of applications in neural networks and machine learning appeared. In the same years, the RSB based random first order transition theory (RFOT) for structural glasses was proposed. From the 90's the deeply innovative extensions of the cavity and replica method to models on Bethe lattices, led to spectacular advances in computer science. Parisi with M´ezard and Zecchina could exactly find the satisfiability threshold in the celebrated random K-Sat model, and, most interestingly, exploited this exact solution to build a new family of algorithms that improved the state of the art by several orders of magnitude. More recently the RSB approach allowed the exact description of glassy phases of particles in the limit of high dimension. This is the last step in Parisi's long quest for a first principle theory of structural glasses. This solution provides the microscopic foundation of RFOT theory. At the same time it proposes a picture that goes much beyond, predicting the existence of a new fundamental glass-to-glass transition at low temperature where the glass becomes marginally 1751-8121/20/500301+3$33.00 © 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd Printed in the UK 1 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 53 (2020) 500301 Preface stable and ungapped excitations appear. Numerical evidence in favour of the presence of this transition in finite dimension has been found by Parisi and collaborators. The most spectacular tested consequence of the theory is a universal description of jammed states of hard spheres, which accounts for the behaviour found in numerical simulations (also by the group of Parisi) in spatial dimension D spanning from 2 to 8. While the infinite dimensional solution will remain a cornerstone in the theory of the glasses the derivation of all its implication is only at the beginning. The present special issue celebrates Giorgio Parisi's 70th birthday, and tries to give an overview of the current state of research in the fields of statistical mechanics and interdisciplinary applications which have been marked by Giorgio Parisi's seminal contributions. The manuscripts accepted for publication in this special issue do indeed cover a broad range of subjects, but they share the same theoretical approach based on the techniques pioneered by Giorgio Parisi
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstract-
Lingua altro abstract-
Pagine da500301-1
Pagine a500301-3
Pagine totali3
RivistaJournal of physics. A, Mathematical and theoretical (Print)
Attiva dal 2007
Editore: IOP Publishing, - Bristol
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1751-8113
Titolo chiave: Journal of physics. A, Mathematical and theoretical (Print)
Titolo proprio: Journal of physics. A, Mathematical and theoretical.
Titolo abbreviato: J. phys., A, Math. theor. (Print)
Numero volume della rivista53
Fascicolo della rivista50
DOI10.1088/1751-8121/abbd55
Verificato da referee-
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • Scopus (Codice:2-s2.0-85097937241)
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (Codice:000595511500001)
Parole chiaveSigned Graph, Balance Theory, Social Networks
Link (URL, URI)https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1751-8121/abbd55
Titolo parallelo-
Licenza-
Scadenza embargo-
Data di accettazione-
Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • NANOTEC — Istituto di Nanotecnologia
  • ISC — Istituto dei sistemi complessi
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR-
Progetti Europei-
Allegati
Preface to the special issue on 'Disordered serendipity: a glassy path to discovery' (documento privato )
Descrizione: published version
Tipo documento: application/pdf