Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloSeawater Intrusion Proneness and Geophysical Investigations in the Metaponto Coastal Plain (Basilicata, Italy)
Anno di pubblicazione2021
FormatoElettronico
Autore/iMuzzillo Rosalba, Zuffianò Livia Emanuela, Rizzo Enzo, Canora Filomena, Capozzoli Luigi, Giampaolo Valeria, De Giorgio Giorgio, Sdao Francesco and Polemio Maurizio
Affiliazioni autoriCNR IRPI Sede secondaria di Bari
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • ENZO RIZZO
  • GIORGIO DE GIORGIO
  • MAURIZIO POLEMIO
  • LIVIA EMANUELA ZUFFIANO'
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractThe Metaponto coastal plain extends about 40 km along the Ionian coast, between the Sinni and Bradano Rivers (southern Italy). During the 20th century, the increases in modern irrigation systems, land reclamation works, the overexploitation of wells, and agricultural and industrial activities have deeply modified land use and groundwater availability and quality along the plain. These modifications negatively impacted the natural systems in terms of groundwater and soil salinization, magnifying the risks due to seawater intrusion. In this study, we explored the proneness to seawater intrusion, testing a multidisciplinary approach based on hydrochemical and geophysical investigations. A significant portion of the coastal plain was selected for this purpose. A set of 49 groundwater samples was analyzed to define the chemical characteristics of the water and geoelectrical measurements were recorded along three long profiles. The geoelectrical surveys showed in detail the aquifer bottom pattern where it is deeply incised by paleovalleys, defining the main hydrostratigraphic features, as it is necessary to prevent seawater intrusion worsening. The hydrochemical data highlighted areas with higher seawater intrusion proneness. The acquired measurements show the high proneness to seawater intrusion, especially where the aquifer bottom is very deep below the sea level, also far from the coast, and the relevance of the detailed knowledge of the aquifer bottom in supporting any kind of management.
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstract-
Lingua altro abstract-
Pagine da1
Pagine a14
Pagine totali14
RivistaWater (Basel)
Attiva dal 2009
Editore: Molecular Diversity Preservation International - Basel
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 2073-4441
Titolo chiave: Water (Basel)
Titolo proprio: Water. (Basel)
Titolo abbreviato: Water (Basel)
Numero volume della rivista13(1), 53
Fascicolo della rivista-
DOI10.3390/w13010053
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)-
Parole chiavecoastal aquifer, electrical resistivity tomography (ERT), salinization, groundwater management
Link (URL, URI)https://doi.org/10.3390/w13010053
Titolo parallelo-
Licenza-
Scadenza embargo-
Data di accettazione-
Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • IMAA — Istituto di metodologie per l'analisi ambientale
  • IRPI — Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR-
Progetti Europei-
Allegati
articolo
Descrizione: articolo
Tipo documento: application/pdf