Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloClassification and kinematics of the Planpincieux Glacier break-offs using photographic time-lapse analysis
Anno di pubblicazione2020
Formato-
Autore/iGiordan D.; Dematteis N.; Allasia P.; Motta E.
Affiliazioni autoriGeohazard Monitoring Group, Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, National Research Council of Italy, Torino, 1 Geohazard Monitoring Group, Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, National Research Council of Italy, Torino, Italy, , Italy; Safe Mountain Foundation, Courmayeur, 2 Safe Mountain Foundation, Courmayeur, Italy, , Italy
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • NICCOLò DEMATTEIS
  • PAOLO ALLASIA
  • DANIELE GIORDAN
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractAbstract Herein, we present results obtained from time-lapse imagery acquired by a digital single-lens reflex camera during 2014-18 used to monitor the Planpincieux Glacier on the Italian side of the Grandes Jorasses (Mont Blanc massif). We processed the images using image cross-correlation to measure the surface kinematics of the most active lobe of the glacier that presents a high velocity and frequent ice detachments. During the monitoring, we observed two or three periods of sharp acceleration per year that culminated with large break-offs followed by analogous decelerations. Overall, we registered more than 350 failures with a volume >100 m, of which, 14 events had volumes larger than 10 000 m. The study identified a monotonic positive relationship between the velocity and failure volume that may be used to estimate the volume of the collapses before an event. We identified the thresholds of velocity and acceleration that characterise the activation of the speed-up periods. The study allowed the characterisation of three different instability processes that lead to the break-off of ice chunks from the glacier terminus: (i) disaggregation, (ii) slab fracture and (iii) water tunnelling failure which can be differentiated based on the rheology, the volume involved and the trigger process.
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstract-
Lingua altro abstract-
Pagine da188
Pagine a202
Pagine totali-
RivistaJournal of Glaciology
Attiva dal 1947
Editore: International Glaciological Society. - Cambridge
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0022-1430
Titolo chiave: Journal of Glaciology
Titolo abbreviato: J. Glaciol.
Numero volume della rivista66
Fascicolo della rivista-
DOI10.1017/jog.2019.99
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • Scopus (Codice:2-s2.0-85078035319)
Parole chiavePlanpincieux, ghiacciaio, monitoraggio
Link (URL, URI)http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?eid=2-s2.0-85078035319&origin=inward
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Licenza-
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Data di accettazione-
Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • IRPI — Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR
  • TA.P05.010.001 : Tecniche e tecnologie per il monitoraggio dei parametri che caratterizzano le evoluzioni morfologiche di alvei e versanti instabili.
  • DTA.AD003.141.001 : Sviluppo sistemi monitoraggio innovativi
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