Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoContributo in volume
TitoloPsycho-computational modelling of the mental lexicon
Anno di pubblicazione2020
Tipologia di contributo in volumeCapitolo
Autore/iPirrelli, Vito; Marzi, Claudia; Ferro, Marcello; Cardillo, Franco Alberto; Baayen, Harald R.; Milin, Petar
Affiliazioni autoriInstitute for Computational Linguistics, Italian National Research Council. Eberhard Karls University, Tubingen, Germany. University of Birmingham, UK.
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • inglese
SintesiOver the last decades, a growing body of evidence on the mechanisms governing lexical storage, access, acquisition and processing has questioned traditional models of language architecture and word usage based on the hypothesis of a direct correspondence between modular components of grammar competence (lexicon vs. rules), processing correlates (memory vs. computation) and neuro-anatomical localizations (prefrontal vs. temporo-parietal perisylvian areas of the left hemisphere). In the present chapter, we explore the empirical and theoretical consequences of a distributed, integrative model of the mental lexicon, whereby words are seen as emergent properties of the functional interaction between basic, language-independent processing principles and the language- specific nature and organization of the input. From this perspective, language learning appears to be inextricably related to the way language is processed and internalized by the speakers, and key to an interdisciplinary understanding of such a way, in line with Tomaso Poggio's suggestion that the development of a cognitive skill is causally and ontogenetically prior to its execution (and sits "on top of it"). In particular, we discuss conditions, potential and prospects of the epistemological continuity between psycholinguistic and computational modelling of word learning, and illustrate the yet largely untapped potential of their integration. We use David Marr's hierarchy to clarify the complementarity of the two viewpoints. Psycholinguistic models are informative about how speakers learn to use language (interfacing Marr's levels 1 and 2). When we move from the psycholinguistic analysis of the functional operations involved in language learning to an algorithmic description of how they are computed, computer simulations can help us explore the relation between speakers' behavior and general learning principles in more detail. In the end, psycho-computational models can be instrumental to bridge Marr's levels 2 and 3, bringing us closer to understanding the nature of word knowledge in the brain.
Lingua sintesieng
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Pagine da23
Pagine a82
Pagine totali60
Serie/CollanaTrends in linguistics. Studies and monographs
Attiva dal 1976
Editore: Mouton de Gruyter. - New York
Paese di pubblicazione: Germania
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1861-4302
Titolo chiave: Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs
Titolo proprio: Trends in linguistics.
Titolo abbreviato: Trends linguist., Stud. monogr.
Titolo del volumeWord Knowledge and Word Usage
Numero volume della serie/collana337
Curatore/i del volumeVito Pirrelli, Ingo Plag and Wolfgang U. Dressler
  • De Gruyter Saur, Berlin/Munich (Germania)
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)-
Parole chiavemental lexicon, word storage and processing, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, connectionist models, discriminative learning
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Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • ILC — Istituto di linguistica computazionale "Antonio Zampolli"
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR
  • DUS.AD016.006.001 : Sviluppo di una piattaforma neuro-computazionale per la simulazione di processi di elaborazione seriale
  • DUS.AD016.007.001 : Approcci interdisciplinari a modelli teorici e computazionali di acquisizione lessicale in contesti mono- e multi-lingui
  • DUS.AD016.075.004 : Modelli (bio-)computazionali dell'uso linguistico
Progetti Europei-
Psycho-computational modelling of the mental lexicon
Descrizione: Published_version
Tipo documento: application/pdf