Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloBrain responses to virtual reality visual motion stimulation are affected by neurotic personality traits in patients with persistent postural-perceptual dizziness.
Anno di pubblicazione2018
Autore/iLuca Passamonti a,b, Roberta Riccelli c, Francesco Lacquaniti d,e, Jeffrey P. Staab f, Iole Indovina d,g
Affiliazioni autoria. Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, UK b. Institute of Bioimaging and Molecular Physiology, National Research Council, Milan, Italy c. Institute of Bioimaging and Molecular Physiology, National Research Council, Catanzaro, Italy d. Laboratory of Neuromotor Physiology, IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy e. Centre of Space BioMedicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy f. Department of Psychiatry and Psychology and Otorhinolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (USA) g. Saint Camillus International University of Health Sciences, Rome, Italy
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • inglese
AbstractOBJECTIVE: Persistent postural perceptual dizziness (PPPD) is a common vestibular disorder of persistent dizziness and unsteadiness, exacerbated by upright posture, self-motion, and exposure to complex or moving visual stimuli. Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies found dysfunctional activity in the visual-vestibular cortices in patients with PPPD. Clinical studies showed that the anxiety-related personality traits of neuroticism and introversion may predispose individuals to PPPD. However, the effects of these traits on brain function in patients with PPPD versus healthy controls (HCs) have not been studied. METHODS: To investigate potential differential effects of neuroticism and introversion on functioning of their visuo-vestibular networks, 15 patients with PPPD and 15 HCs matched for demographics and motion sickness susceptibility underwent fMRI during virtual reality simulation of a rollercoaster ride in vertical and horizontal directions. RESULTS: Neuroticism positively correlated with activity in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFg), and enhanced connectivity between the IFg and occipital regions in patients with PPPD relative to HCs during vertical versus horizontal motion comparison. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with PPPD, neuroticism increased the activity and connectivity of neural networks that mediate attention to visual motion cues during vertical motion. This mechanism may mediate visual control of balance in neurotic patients with PPPD.
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstract-
Lingua altro abstract-
Pagine da369
Pagine a378
Pagine totali10
RivistaJournal of vestibular research (Print)
Attiva dal 1991
Editore: IOS Press - Amsterdam
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0957-4271
Titolo chiave: Journal of vestibular research (Print)
Titolo proprio: Journal of vestibular research. (Print)
Titolo abbreviato: J. vestib. res. (Print)
Numero volume della rivista28
Fascicolo della rivista5-6
Verificato da referee-
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • PubMed (Codice:30856138)
Parole chiaveRollercoaster simulation, vestibular, visual motion stimulation, fMRI, persistent postural-perceptual dizziness
Link (URL, URI)-
Titolo parallelo-
Scadenza embargo-
Data di accettazione11/02/2019
Note/Altre informazioniDr. Luca Passamonti and Dr. Roberta Riccelli equally contributed to this work.
Strutture CNR
  • IBFM — Istituto di bioimmagini e fisiologia molecolare
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR
Progetti Europei-