Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloAn overview of the use of artificial neural networks in lung cancer research
Anno di pubblicazione2017
Formato
  • Elettronico
  • Cartaceo
Autore/iBertolaccini, Luca; Solli, Piergiorgio; Pardolesi, Alessandro; Pasini, Antonello
Affiliazioni autoriAUSL Romagna Teaching Hospital; AUSL della Romagna; CNR-Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research, Rome
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • ANTONELLO PASINI
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractThe artificial neural networks (ANNs) are statistical models where the mathematical structure reproduces the biological organisation of neural cells simulating the learning dynamics of the brain. Although definitions of the term ANN could vary, the term usually refers to a neural network used for non-linear statistical data modelling. The neural models applied today in various fields of medicine, such as oncology, do not aim to be biologically realistic in detail but just efficient models for nonlinear regression or classification. ANN inference has applications in tasks that require attention focusing. ANNs also have a niche to carve in clinical decision support, but their success depends crucially on better integration with clinical protocols, together with an awareness of the need to combine different paradigms to produce the simplest and most transparent overall reasoning structure, and the will to evaluate this in a real clinical environment. We have performed an assessment of the evidence for improvements in the use of ANN in lung cancer research. Our analysis showed that often the use of ANN in the medical literature had not been performed in an accurate manner. A strict cooperation between physician and biostatisticians could be helpful in determine and resolve these errors.
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstract-
Lingua altro abstract-
Pagine da924
Pagine a931
Pagine totali-
RivistaJournal of thoracic disease (Print)
Attiva dal 2009
Editore: Pioneer Bioscience Publishing Company - Hong Kong
Paese di pubblicazione: Hong Kong
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 2072-1439
Titolo chiave: Journal of thoracic disease (Print)
Titolo proprio: Journal of thoracic disease. (Print)
Titolo abbreviato: J. thorac. dis. (Print)
Numero volume della rivista9
Fascicolo della rivista4
DOI10.21037/jtd.2017.03.157
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • Scopus (Codice:2-s2.0-85018686378)
Parole chiaveArtificial neural networks (ANNs), Biostatistics, Lung cancer
Link (URL, URI)http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?eid=2-s2.0-85018686378&origin=inward
Titolo parallelo-
Licenza-
Scadenza embargo-
Data di accettazione13/03/2017
Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • IIA — Istituto sull'inquinamento atmosferico
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR-
Progetti Europei-
Allegati