Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoAbstract in atti di convegno
TitoloEffect of plant diversity on a set of soil characteristics relevant to soil erosion processes: an example from a biancana badland site (Siena Province, Central Italy)
Anno di pubblicazione2015
Formato
  • Elettronico
  • Cartaceo
Autore/iGiovanni Bacaro (1), Elisa Santi (1), Francesca Vergari (2), Simona Maccherini (3), Mauro Rossi (1), Maurizio Del Monte (2), and Dino Torri (1)
Affiliazioni autori(1) National Research Council, Research Institute of Geo-Hydrological Protection, Perugia, Italy (giofbac@gmail.com), (2) Physical Geography and Geomorphology Laboratory Earth Sciences Department Sapienza University of Rome P.le Aldo Moro n.5 - 00185 Rome - Italy, (3) BIOCONNET, BIOdiversity and CONservation NETwork Department of Life Sciences University of Siena Via P.A. Mattioli 4 53100 Siena
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • MAURO ROSSI
  • ELISA SANTI
  • GIOVANNI BACARO
  • DINO TORRI
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractA study on the influence of vegetation (grassland) on the evolution of a set of soil characteristics was carried out in a protected area (Site of Community Importance, Natura 2000 Network) where there are some residual areas of biancana badlands. This site, named "Crete di Camposodo e Leonina" is located in the Province of Siena, Tuscany, central Italy. Following geomorphological zonation in the badlands, the areas where firstly classified in a series of different classes where erosion is or was active and where sedimentation is or was active. Secondly, for each "erosion class" as determined before, another classification criterion based on the type of vegetation cover was given. Random plots were than sampled on the basis of these classifications until 22 plots where chosen for analyses. In each plot, vegetation was described in a squared sampling unit (40*40cm), and, after description, it was cut, dried and weighted. A functional matrix, based on plant functional traits, was created and Functional Diversity indices, as well as other classic biodiversity metrics (such as Shannon, Simpson, etc) were obtained. On the same sampling area, 4 randomly selected soil carrots (each with a depth of 20cm) were extracted and used for laboratory analysis while undrained soil shear strength at saturation (U4S) was measured using a pocket torvane. Electrical conductivity, pH, and U4S where then compared with several of the vegetation features, including epi- and ipo-gean biomass, vegetation cover and biodiversity indices. Our results clearly identify the relationships which attribute to vegetation (as representative of the ecosystem they shelter) the main role in modifying the soil from bare rock to a well developed surface horizon: while vegetation changes soil attributes, the changed soil attributes make the niche suitable to other plants, with a modification of the composition of the grassland. Finally, we also demonstrated that plant functional dissimilarity represents one of the most correlated parameter with observed dissimilarity in soil characteristics between areas, indicating that Functional Diversity represents a finer indicator of ecosystem functioning than species richness.
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Pagine totali1
RivistaGeophysical research abstracts (Online)
Attiva dal 2000
Editore: Copernicus GmbH - Katlenburg-Lindau
Paese di pubblicazione: Germania
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1607-7962
Titolo chiave: Geophysical research abstracts (Online)
Titolo proprio: Geophysical research abstracts. (Online)
Titolo abbreviato: Geophys. res. abstr. (Online)
Numero volume della rivista17
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DOI-
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)-
Parole chiavebiodiversity, soil erosion, badlands, soil shear strength
Link (URL, URI)-
Titolo convegno/congressoEGU General Assembly 2015
Luogo convegno/congressovienna
Data/e convegno/congresso10/04/2015
RilevanzaInternazionale
RelazioneContributo
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Strutture CNR
  • IRPI — Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR-
Progetti Europei-
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