Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloGASAKe: forecasting landslide activations by a genetic-algorithms-based hydrological model
Anno di pubblicazione2015
Autore/iOreste G. Terranova(1), Stefano Luigi Gariano(2,3), Pasquale Iaquinta(1), Giulio Iovine(1)
Affiliazioni autori1) CNR-IRPI (National Research Council - Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection), via Cavour 6, 87036, Rende, Cosenza, Italy 2) CNR-IRPI (National Research Council - Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection), via Madonna Alta 126, 06128, Perugia, Italy 3) University of Perugia, Department of Physics and Geology, via A. Pascoli, 06123, Perugia, Italy
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • inglese
AbstractGASAKe is a new hydrological model aimed at forecasting the triggering of landslides. The model is based on genetic algorithms and allows one to obtain thresholds for the prediction of slope failures using dates of landslide activations and rainfall series. It can be applied to either single landslides or a set of similar slope movements in a homogeneous environment. Calibration of the model provides families of optimal, discretized solutions (kernels) that maximize the fitness function. Starting from the kernels, the corresponding mobility functions (i.e., the predictive tools) can be obtained through convolution with the rain series. The base time of the kernel is related to the magnitude of the considered slope movement, as well as to the hydro-geological complexity of the site. Generally, shorter base times are expected for shallow slope instabilities compared to larger-scale phenomena. Once validated, the model can be applied to estimate the timing of future landslide activations in the same study area, by employing measured or forecasted rainfall series. Examples of application of GASAKe to a medium-size slope movement (the Uncino landslide at San Fili, in Calabria, southern Italy) and to a set of shallow landslides (in the Sorrento Peninsula, Campania, southern Italy) are discussed. In both cases, a successful calibration of the model has been achieved, despite unavoidable uncertainties concerning the dates of occurrence of the slope movements. In particular, for the Sorrento Peninsula case, a fitness of 0.81 has been obtained by calibrating the model against 10 dates of landslide activation; in the Uncino case, a fitness of 1 (i.e., neither missing nor false alarms) has been achieved using five activations. As for temporal validation, the experiments performed by considering further dates of activation have also proved satisfactory. In view of early-warning applications for civil protection, the capability of the model to simulate the occurrences of the Uncino landslide has been tested by means of a progressive, self-adaptive procedure. Finally, a sensitivity analysis has been performed by taking into account the main parameters of the model. The obtained results are quite promising, given the high performance of the model against different types of slope instabilities characterized by several historical activations. Nevertheless, further refinements are still needed for application to landslide risk mitigation within early-warning and decision-support systems.
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstract-
Lingua altro abstract-
Pagine da1955
Pagine a1978
Pagine totali24
RivistaGeoscientific model development (Online)
Attiva dal 2008
Editore: Copernicus Publ. - Göttingen
Paese di pubblicazione: Germania
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1991-9603
Titolo chiave: Geoscientific model development (Online)
Titolo proprio: Geoscientific model development. (Online)
Titolo abbreviato: Geosci. model dev. (Online)
Titoli alternativi:
  • GMD (Katlenburg-Lindau. Internet) (Online)
  • Geoscientific model development (Internet) (Online)
  • GMD (Göttingen. Internet) (Online)
Numero volume della rivista8
Fascicolo della rivista7
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • Google Scholar (Codice:6EzQuycAAAAJ:IUKN3-7HHlwC)
  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) (Codice:000358917100004)
  • Scopus (Codice:2-s2.0-84936851554)
Parole chiavehydrological model, rainfall threshold, landslide triggering, genetic algorithm
Link (URL, URI)
Titolo parallelo-
Scadenza embargo-
Data di accettazione02/06/2015
Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • IRPI — Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica
  • IRPI — IRPI - Sede secondaria di Cosenza
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR
  • TA.P05.006.012 : Modelli di processi geo-idrologici
Progetti Europei-