The UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development 2021-2030: Mediterranean Workshop ‘The Mediterranean Sea We Need for the Future We Want’, held 21-23 January 2020 at the UNESCO-IOC Office in Venice (Italy) and organized by the Italian Oceanographic Commission (COI), Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (UNESCO/IOC), European Commission (EC), United Nations Environment/Mediterranean Action Plan (UNEP/MAP), Mediterranean Science Commission (CIESM), in collaboration with the BlueMed Initiative, brought together 159 experts from 32countries across Europe, Africa, Asia and Nord America.
Targeting specifically the Mediterranean region, the aim was to define and address regional issues and science questions to contribute to the development of the Implementation Plan of UN Decade in order to take into consideration the regional emerging environmental and ecosystem developments, new policy requirements, latest scientific and data advances, technological breakthroughs and evolving societal demands.
The workshop, structured around smaller and facilitated working groups and presentations, allowed to identify the following specific priorities for the Mediterranean to meet the Decade's six societal objectives interpreted by declining them in the perspective of the Mediterranean Sea uniqueness.
WG I: A clean Mediterranean Sea
A clean ocean whereby sources of pollution are identified, quantified and reduced and pollutants removed from the ocean.
Fostering new ideas for integrated research to assess the human and environmental risks of ongoing and future types of pollution in the Mediterranean Sea. Generate innovative approaches to understand the fate of pollutants and provide innovative knowledge base for mitigation and remediation. Address impacts on key economy drivers in the Mediterranean Area
WG II: A healthy & resilient Mediterranean Sea
A healthy and resilient ocean whereby marine ecosystems are mapped and protected, multiple impacts, including climate change, are measured and reduced, and provision of ocean ecosystem services is maintained.
Generate useful knowledge of the Mediterranean system physical, biogeochemical and biodiversity dynamics on climate time scales. Understand the effect of long-term cumulative stressors in order to define the Basin vulnerability and support sustainable and effective Mediterranean Sea planning and management
WG III: A predicted Mediterranean Sea
A predicted ocean whereby society has the capacity to understand current and future ocean conditions, forecast their change and impact on human well-being and livelihoods.
How to keep the Mediterranean Sea environment under review, including its complexity and non-linearities. Provide integrated in situ and satellite observation and modelling systems by harmonizing and enhancing the current systems state on the basis of new knowledge and technological developments in observational and modelling tools, to enhance predictability.
Proposal for a United Nations decade of the ocean programme. A call for contributions for the proposal of a UN-Decade of the Ocean Programme entitled 'Predicting the global coastal ocean: toward a more resilient society' is open until the 17 of March 2020. You can have a look at the proposal, submit your comments and endorse it at www.coastspredict.org.
WG IV: A safe Mediterranean Sea
A safe oceanwhereby human communities are protected from ocean hazards and where the safety of operations at sea and on the coast is ensured.
Marine hazards such as storm surges, tsunamis, harmful algal blooms, or coastline erosion can be devastating for coastal communities. Foster the generation of dedicated research towards the definition of integrated multi-hazard early warning systems, to improve preparedness to emergencies, supporting plans for adaptation and mitigation to climate change in the Region thus reducing the coastal risks, safeguarding population and activities at sea-
WG V: A sustainable (harvested and) productive Mediterranean Sea
A sustainably harvested and productive ocean ensuring the provision of food supply and alternative livelihoods.
Define science-based safe and sustainable thresholds for economic operations in the Mediterranean Sea driving the sustainable exploitation of non-renewable resources and the resources based on the Mediterranean Sea natural and cultural heritage, in the framework of effective Mediterranean spatial planning. Encompass sustainable food production and the links between tourism and the environment in the perspective of the circular and inclusive blue economy.
WG VI: A transparent & accessible Mediterranean Sea
A transparent and accessible oceanwhereby all nations, stakeholders and citizens have access to ocean data and information, technologies and have the capacities to inform their decisions.
Maximize the sharing of knowledge about the health, evolution and functioning of Mediterranean marine environment;; understand the future links with economy and societal needs by ensuring the complete openness of scientific knowledge in order to support the formulation of environmental policy and management plans, unlocking ideas and innovation. Improve the "Mediterranean Sea literacy" and participatory research.
The Mediterranean Workshop offered the opportunity to discuss the following issues:
Capacity development and transfer of marine technology; Presentations: PDF
Communicating the Decade; Presentations: PDF
Commissione oceanografica Italiana - COI
The Italian Oceanographic Commission is hosted by Cnr and is composed of the following member: Cnr, Ispra, CoNISMa, Dpc, Enea, Iim, Ingv, Ogs, Szn and Cmcc