Personal profile

Stefano Nolfi

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Stefano Nolfi is a research director of the Italian National Research Council (CNR) and director of the Laboratory of Autonomous Robots and Artificial Life of the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies. He is one of the founders of Evolutionary Robotics. His research activities focus on the evolution and development of behavioural and cognitive skills in natural and artificial embodied agents (robots). He authored/co-authored more than 150 peer-reviewed scientific publications including a monograph book on Evolutionary Robotics published by MIT Press in 2000 (that received more than 1400 citations) and an edited book on Evolution of Communication and Language in Embodied Agents published by Springer Verlag in 2010. He coordinated the FP6 Integrated European Project ECAgents and the European Science Foundation Project H2Swarm, and participated to several other projects including the FP7 Integrated European Project I-TALK, and the FP6 Strep Projects Swarmanoid and Swarmbot.

Personal web site:
Interest areas:

Evolutionary Robotics, Cognitive Robotics, Artificial Life, Adaptive Behavior, Complex Systems, Neural Networks

International Ids


Google Scholar H-Index: 49


Research Director
Company: CNR-ISTC - Via S. Martino della Battaglia, 44
Company web site:
Time period: 01/1988 - today

Research products

Pagliuca, Paolo; Milano, Nicola; Nolfi, Stefano

Efficacy of Modern Neuro-Evolutionary Strategies for Continuous Control Optimization

(2020) in Frontiers in Robotics and AI
Pagliuca P.; Nolfi S.

Robust optimization through neuroevolution

(2019) in PloS one
Milano N.; Pagliuca P.; Nolfi S.

Robustness, evolvability and phenotypic complexity: insights from evolving digital circuits

(2019) in Evolutionary intelligence (Print)
Pagliuca, Paolo; Milano, Nicola; Nolfi, Stefano

Maximizing adaptive power in neuroevolution

(2018) in PloS one
Nolfi S.

Cooperation in collective systems

(2018) in A Handbook of Research in Biomimetics and Biohybrid Systems, 2018
Carvalho, Jonata Tyska; Milano, Nicola; Nolfi, Stefano

Evolving Robust Solutions for Stochastically Varying Problems

(2018) IEEE Computer Society Press, Loa Alamitos [CA] (Stati Uniti d'America) in Proceedings of the IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC), 2018
Stefano Nolfi

Category formation in self-organizing embodied agents

(2017) Elsevier, New York (Stati Uniti d'America) in Handbook of Categorization in Cognitive Science, 2017
Milano, Nicola; Carvalho, Jonata Tyska; Nolfi, Stefano

Environmental Variations Promotes Adaptation in Artificial Evolution

(2017) IEEE Computer Society Press, Loa Alamitos [CA] (Stati Uniti d'America) in Proceedings of IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence, 2017
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