Focus

Innovative technology for recycling olive mill by-products for agronomic purposes

2002
Many research institutions are paying attention on the problem of disposal of olive mill sludges, trying to give solutions technologically and economically sustainable and environmentally safe. Land controlled application of fresh olive mill sludges presents organizational and logistic difficulties, especially for two-phases olive mill pomace. Preliminary studies carried out by Section of Oliviculture of C.N.R-I.S.A.F.O.M., with financial support of National Park of Cilento and Vallo di Diano, ...

Production of antibodies in plants

2002
Plants have great potentials as bioreactors for the production of pharmaceutical proteins. For safety, product quality, and costs plants have important advantages compared to animals and microorganisms (fungi and bacteria): plants are not infected by human pathogenic viruses, perform protein synthesis and modifications more similarly to mammals than to microorganisms and have maintenance costs much lower than those of transgenic animals, animal cell cultures or bacteria and yeast ...

Collection of toxigenic fungi of agri-food interest

2002
Among the fungi that are moulding agents of agri-food products, there are species belonging to the genera of Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium and Claviceps that arise justified apprehension for food safety because are capable to produce mycotoxins, which are responsible to elicit strong intoxication in livestock and humans. It is well known that not all species of these genera are mycotoxin producers, and that within a toxigenic species there is a wide variability of toxin synthesis. The ...

Innovative controls for drying of wood

2002
In Europe per annum more than 80 million cubic meters of sawn timber are dried in industrial kilns. This drying process consumes huge amounts of energy but is an unavoidable production step in the woodworking industry and a pre-condition for high-value application. Science related to wood drying and thermal treatment has a long history in Europe. Fundamental work during the last century and the technical developments in electronics and process control during the last 40 years have contributed to ...

Cryopreservation for the safeguarding of woody plant biodiversity

2002
The preservation of plant biodiversity combats the risk of "genetic erosion", i.e., the risk that species, forms and plant varieties may become extinct, producing a definitive loss of the genetic variability which they contain. It is estimated that today over 9000 species can be considered endangered in the world. As concerns woody plants, the cultivation of which is characterized by the use of a more and more restricted number of selected cultivars in fruit and timber plant orchards, the ...