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Science and Technology Indicators
2007 edition  

Update april 2008


This section presents input and output data of the national university system (e.g. teachers, students, graduated, PhDs), that comprise some indicators on academic research expenditure. Data on teachers, students and graduated come from national statistics on teaching (ISTAT), from OECD and EUROSTAT for international comparisons, data on university financial situation are obtained from the National Committee for the Evaluation of the University System (CNVSU).

Figure 3.1 shows teaching and research personnel broken down by faculty and qualification. In Figures 3.2 and 3.4 are data concerning university students and graduates in Italy, under the new academic regulations which came into force fully in academic year 2001-2002. Numbers of students enrolled under previous course rules are then reported.

Figure 3.5 shows data on foreign university students by geographical area of origin and Figure 3.6 data on students enrolled in PhD courses. This information is useful in estimating the attractiveness of Italian universities for separate scientific disciplines. As for Italian university research expenditure, Table 3.1 shows the datum of income by financing source in years 2001-2005.

Figure 3.7 shows an indicator concerning the number of graduates in science and technology and Figure 3.8 presents an indicator equal to the number of PhDs over population of corresponding age groups. Both figures allow for an evaluation of the absorption capability, improvement and spreading of knowledge in the country, and the supply of highly skilled personnel to the labour market. Figure 3.9 shows, as an example, the attractiveness of America universities to foreign scholars. Figures 3.10 and 3.11 permit comparison of total research investments (human and financial resources) by Italian universities with those of other countries, in respect of the production of wealth on the one side and the employees on the other.

3. University

Fig. 3.1 - University teaching and research personnel by faculty in Italy, academic year 2005-2006
Fig. 3.2 - Enrolled and graduated university students from courses under previous regulations by groups of courses in Italy, academic year 2005-2006
Fig. - 3.3 Enrolled and graduated university students in the new triennial degree courses by groups of courses in Italy, academic year 2005-2006
Fig. - 3.4 Enrolled and graduated university students in specialising degree courses by groups of courses in Italy, academic year 2005-2006
Fig. - 3.5 Enrolled foreign university students by geographical area of origin in Italy, academic year 2005-2006
Fig. - 3.6 Enrolled students in PhD courses by discipline in Italy, academic year 2005-2006
Tbl. - 3.1 University income in Italy, 2001-2005
Fig. - 3.7 Graduated students in science and technology in several OECD countries, 2005
Fig. - 3.8 PhD students over population of corresponding age in several OECD countries, 2004
Fig. - 3.9 Foreign scholars in the United States by country of origin, 2005-2006
Fig. - 3.10 University R&D expenditure over GDP in several OECD countries, China and Israel, 2005
Fig. - 3.11 University research personnel over total employees in several OECD countries and China, 2005

 
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