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and Technology Indicators
Update april 2008
This section presents input and output data of the national university system (e.g. teachers, students, graduated, PhDs), that comprise some indicators on academic research expenditure. Data on teachers, students and graduated come from national statistics on teaching (ISTAT), from OECD and EUROSTAT for international comparisons, data on university financial situation are obtained from the National Committee for the Evaluation of the University System (CNVSU).
Figure 3.1 shows teaching and research personnel broken down by faculty and qualification. In Figures 3.2 and 3.4 are data concerning university students and graduates in Italy, under the new academic regulations which came into force fully in academic year 2001-2002. Numbers of students enrolled under previous course rules are then reported.
Figure 3.5 shows data on foreign university students by geographical area of origin and Figure 3.6 data on students enrolled in PhD courses. This information is useful in estimating the attractiveness of Italian universities for separate scientific disciplines. As for Italian university research expenditure, Table 3.1 shows the datum of income by financing source in years 2001-2005.
Figure 3.7 shows an indicator concerning the number of graduates in science and technology and Figure 3.8 presents an indicator equal to the number of PhDs over population of corresponding age groups. Both figures allow for an evaluation of the absorption capability, improvement and spreading of knowledge in the country, and the supply of highly skilled personnel to the labour market. Figure 3.9 shows, as an example, the attractiveness of America universities to foreign scholars. Figures 3.10 and 3.11 permit comparison of total research investments (human and financial resources) by Italian universities with those of other countries, in respect of the production of wealth on the one side and the employees on the other.
Fig. 3.1 - University teaching and research
personnel by faculty in Italy, academic year 2005-2006
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