Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloAssessing the effect of fire severity on sediment connectivity in central Chile
Anno di pubblicazione2020
Formato-
Autore/iMartini L.; Faes L.; Picco L.; Iroume A.; Lingua E.; Garbarino M.; Cavalli M.
Affiliazioni autoriUniversity of Padova, Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, Legnaro, University of Padova, Department of Land, Environment, Agriculture and Forestry, Legnaro, Italy., , Italy; Universidad Austral de Chile, Faculty of Engineering, Valdivia, Universidad Austral de Chile, Faculty of Engineering, Valdivia, Chile, , Chile; Universidad Austral de Chile, RINA - Natural and Anthropogenic Risks Research Center, Valdivia, Universidad Austral de Chile, RINA - Natural and Anthropogenic Risks Research Center, Valdivia, Chile, , Chile; Universidad Austral de Chile, Faculty of Forest Sciences and Natural Resources, Valdivia, Universidad Austral de Chile, Faculty of Forest Sciences and Natural Resources, Valdivia, Chile, , Chile; University of Torino, Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, Grugliasco, University of Torino, Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, Grugliasco, Italy, , Italy; National Research Council, Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, Padova, National Research Council, Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, Padova, Italy, , Italy
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • MARCO CAVALLI
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractChilean territory is recurrently affected by severe wildfires, which drastically reduce the forest cover and promote runoff, soil erosion and slope instabilities. To understand how the geomorphic system responds to wildfires in terms of sediment dynamics, the assessment of sediment connectivity, i.e. the property describing the relationships between compartments of a geomorphic system, is crucial. This study aims to quantify the spatial linkages between fire severity and sediment connectivity to identify common patterns and driving factors. The compound use of field data and open-source satellite imagery helped to apply the Relative differenced Normalized Burn Ratio (RdNBR) and the Index of Connectivity (IC) in the context of two consecutive wildfires, occurred in 2002 and 2015, in the Rio Toro catchment (Chile). The fire severity assessment showed that the 2002 event affected 90% of the catchment, with high severity areas representing around 70%. The 2015 wildfire instead, affected 76% of the catchment with moderate severity around 42%. Accordingly, as result of the sudden reduction in forest cover in severely affected areas, the IC changed after both wildfires with an overall increase of 1.07 and 0.54, respectively. However, only for the second disturbance, it was possible to observe a clear relationship between the RdNBR and the IC variations. The different degree of vegetation cover heterogeneity between the two pre-wildfire scenarios contributed to different fire severity and IC variability between the two disturbances. The use of open-source satellite data and the development of a weighting factor (W), to be used in IC and able to capture the land cover change driven by the wildfires, could make the application of this approach straightforward, promoting its reproducibility in other catchments for land management and risk mitigation purposes.
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstract-
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Pagine da-
Pagine a-
Pagine totali-
RivistaScience of the total environment
Attiva dal 1972
Editore: Elsevier - Lausanne ;
Paese di pubblicazione: Paesi Bassi
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0048-9697
Titolo chiave: Science of the total environment
Titolo abbreviato: Sci. total environ.
Numero volume della rivista728
Fascicolo della rivista-
DOI10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139006
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • Scopus (Codice:2-s2.0-85083815112)
Parole chiaveFire severity, Wildfire, Sediment connectivity, Rio Toro, Natural disturbance
Link (URL, URI)http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?eid=2-s2.0-85083815112&origin=inward
Titolo parallelo-
Data di accettazione-
Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • IRPI — Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR
  • DTA.AD003.027.001 : Geomorfometria e dinamiche del sedimento nei bacini montani
Progetti Europei-
Allegati