Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloDo satellite surface soil moisture observations better retain information about crop-yield variability in drought conditions?
Anno di pubblicazione2020
Autore/iModanesi, S., Massari, C., Camici, S., Brocca, L., Amarnath, G.
Affiliazioni autori(1) Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, National Research Council, Perugia, Italy ( (2) International Water Management Institute (IWMI), 127 Sunil Mawatha, Pelawatte, Battaramulla, Colombo 10120, Sri Lanka
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • inglese
AbstractSoil moisture is a highly suitable indicator for assessing agricultural drought, as plants start to wilt when there is not sufficient soil water to meet evapotranspiration demand. In this study, we provide insights on information obtained from satellite surface soil moisture observations (as compared to modelled soil moisture and observed ground precipitation) on water stress and its impact on crop production variability in India. The analysis involved generating a Standardized Soil Moisture Index (SSI) using 1) satellite soil moisture observations from the European Space Agency (ESA) Climate Change Initiative (CCI); and 2) the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, version 2 (MERRA-2) soil moisture dataset; as well as producing a Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) using ground-based rainfall observations from the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD). Spanning the period from 1998 to 2015, the study covers Maharashtra and Karnataka states. These states were recently hit by a severe drought, resulting in significant crop failure and human losses. Results show that soil moisture is an important limiting factor for crop production. As such, it is more suitable for representing agricultural drought than precipitation during drought conditions, as it correlates more closely with reduced crop yields. Additionally, using the satellite-based SSI seemed to explain crop yield reductions better than when we applied the model-based SSI from MERRA-2, particularly for irrigated crops (i.e., wheat). This preliminary study can underpin future crop-forecasting tools assimilating satellite soil moisture data. In practice, satellite soil moisture may help to improve the efficiency of agricultural and irrigation management practices.
Lingua abstractinglese
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RivistaAdvances in water resources
Attiva dal 1977
Editore: C.M.L. Publications, - Southampton
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0309-1708
Titolo chiave: Advances in water resources
Titolo proprio: Advances in water resources.
Titolo abbreviato: Adv. water resour.
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Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePostprint
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)-
Parole chiavedrought, soil moisture, remote sensing, crop yield
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Strutture CNR
  • IRPI — Istituto di ricerca per la protezione idrogeologica
Moduli/Attività/Sottoprogetti CNR
  • DTA.AD003.164.001 : Studio e monitoraggio dei processi idrologici
Progetti Europei-