Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloDeep transcranial magnetic stimulation for the addiction treatment: Electric field distribution modeling
Anno di pubblicazione2018
FormatoElettronico
Autore/iFiocchi S, Chiaramello E, Luzi L, Ferrulli A, Roth Y, Zangen A, Ravazzani P, Parazzini M
Affiliazioni autoriFiocchi S, Chiaramello E, Ravazzani P, Parazzini M: CNR IEIIT Luzi L, Ferulli A: IRCCS Policlinico San Donato Roth Y, Zangen A: Department of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • EMMA CHIARAMELLO
  • PAOLO GIUSEPPE RAVAZZANI
  • MARTA PARAZZINI
  • SERENA FIOCCHI
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  • creolo-inglese (altra lingua)
AbstractDeep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (dTMS) is a neurostimulation technique for deep brain structures that has recently been successfully applied in the clinic for treatment of addiction. In contrast to conventional magnetic stimulation, which uses planar coils (figure-of-8) to target specific superficial regions of the brain, dTMS requires the design of complex three-dimensional coils in order to induce deeply penetrating fields. Recent clinical studies have focused on the use of H4 coils, which utilizes a left-right symmetric structure for bilateral stimulation of the prefrontal cortex, and demonstrated efficacy for therapy such as smoking cessation. The mechanism of activity, however, remains poorly understood, in part because the affected regions of the brain are not known in detail. To this purpose, computational techniques applied to highly detailed inhomogeneous tissue phantoms, provide a powerful tool for testing coil efficacy. In this work we quantified both electric field E distribution and its penetration depth in the prefrontal cortex, induced by a specific Hesed-coil, H4, designed for the addiction treatment and by the traditional figure-of-8 coil for comparison. Results show that H4 coil preferentially targets insula and cingulate cortex. Moreover, it can induce in the deepest tissues E amplitude ranging between the 20-40% of the cortical peak and it can penetrate the cortex up to 4 cm with a E>50% of the cortical peak, thus noticeably increasing the penetration depth of the traditional TMS systems.
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RivistaIEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology
ISSN: 2469-7249
Titolo chiave: IEEE Journal of Electromagnetics, RF and Microwaves in Medicine and Biology
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DOI10.1109/JERM.2018.2874528
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePreprint
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Parole chiaveDosimetry, Magnetic stimulation, Computational electromagnetics, Finite Element Method, non-invasive treatment, electromagnetic induction
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Strutture CNR
  • IEIIT — Istituto di elettronica e di ingegneria dell'informazione e delle telecomunicazioni
Moduli CNR
    Progetti Europei-
    Allegati
    • Fiocchi(2018)_D>TMS_Jerm
      Descrizione: Pre-print Version