Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloReview of studies concerning electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure assessment in Europe: Low frequency fields (50 Hz-100 kHz)
Anno di pubblicazione2016
FormatoElettronico
Autore/iGajsek P.; Ravazzani P.; Grellier J.; Samaras T.; Bakos J.; Thuroczy G.
Affiliazioni autoriInstitute of Non-Ionizing Radiation (INIS), Pohorskega Bataljona 215, Ljubljana, 1000, Slovenia; Istituto di Elettronica e di Ingegneria dell'Informazione e delle Telecomunicazioni IEIIT, CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci 32, Milan, 20133, Italy; European Centre for Environment and Human Health (ECEHH), University of Exeter Medical School, Knowledge Spa, Royal Cornwall Hospital, Truro, Cornwall, TR1 3HD, United Kingdom; Formerly Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), Parc de Recerca Biomèdica de Barcelona, Doctor Aiguader, 88, Barcelona, 08003, Spain; Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, GR-54124, Greece; National Research Institute for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene, Anna u.5, Budapest, 1221, Hungary
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • PAOLO GIUSEPPE RAVAZZANI
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractWe aimed to review the findings of exposure assessment studies done in European countries on the exposure of the general public to low frequency electric and magnetic fields (EMFs) of various frequencies. The study shows that outdoor average extremely low frequency magnetic fields (ELF-MF) in public areas in urban environments range between 0.05 and 0.2 µT in terms of flux densities, but stronger values (of the order of a few µT) may occur directly beneath high-voltage power lines, at the walls of transformer buildings, and at the boundary fences of substations. In the indoor environment, high values have been measured close to several domestic appliances (up to the mT range), some of which are held close to the body, e.g., hair dryers, electric shavers. Common sources of exposure to intermediate frequencies (IF) include induction cookers, compact fluorescent lamps, inductive charging systems for electric cars and security or anti-theft devices. No systematic measurement surveys or personal exposimetry data for the IF range have been carried out and only a few reports on measurements of EMFs around such devices are mentioned. According to the available European exposure assessment studies, three population exposure categories were classified by the authors regarding the possible future risk analysis. This classification should be considered a crucial advancement for exposure assessment, which is a mandatory step in any future health risk assessment of EMFs exposure.
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RivistaInternational journal of environmental research and public health (Print)
Attiva dal 2004
Editore: MDPI, - Basel
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1661-7827
Titolo chiave: International journal of environmental research and public health (Print)
Titolo proprio: International journal of environmental research and public health. (Print)
Titolo abbreviato: Int. j. environ. res. public health (Print)
Numero volume della rivista13
Fascicolo della rivista9
DOI10.3390/ijerph13090875
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • Scopus (Codice:2-s2.0-84985931119)
Parole chiaveElectromagnetic fields, ELF magnetic fields, Exposimetry, Exposure assessment, Intermediate frequencies (IF)
Link (URL, URI)http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84985931119&partnerID=q2rCbXpz
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Strutture CNR
  • IEIIT — Istituto di elettronica e di ingegneria dell'informazione e delle telecomunicazioni
Moduli CNR-
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PDF version of the paper (documento privato )
Tipo documento: application/pdf