Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloA screening on Specific Learning Disorders in an Italian speaking high genetic homogeneity area.
Anno di pubblicazione2015
Formato
  • Elettronico
  • Cartaceo
Autore/iClaudia Cappa, Fabrizio Meloni ,Carlo Muzio, Antonino Schilirò, Luca Bastiani, Sara Giulivi
Affiliazioni autoriIFC-CNR Pisa, Servizio di NPI ASL 4 di Lanusei Italy, Istituto Santo Stefano - Porto Potenza Picena (Mc).Servizio di NPI ASL 4 di Lanusei Italy. IFC-CNR Pisa, DFA-SUPSI Locarno, Switzerland
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • LUCA BASTIANI
  • CLAUDIA CAPPA
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractThe aim of the present research is to investigate the prevalence of Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) in Ogliastra, a particular area of Sardinia, Italy. Having experienced centuries of isolation, Ogliastra has become a high genetic homogeneity area, particularly interesting for studies on different kinds of pathologies. Here we are going to describe the results of a screening carried out throughout 2 consecutive years in 49 second grade classes (24 considered in the first year and 25 in the second year of the study) of the Ogliastra region. A total of 610 pupils (average age 7.54 years; 293 female, 317 male) corresponding to 68.69% of all pupils who were attending second grade in the area, took part in the study. The tool used for the screening was the "RSR-DSA. Questionnaire for the detection of learning difficulties and disorders", which allowed to identify 83 subjects at risk (13.61% of the whole sample involved in the study). These took part in an enhancement training program carried out for about 6 months. After the program, pupils underwent assessment for reading, writing and calculation abilities, as well as a cognitive assessment. According to the results of the assessment, the prevalence of SLDs was 6.06%. 4.75% of the total sample manifested dyslexia in isolation or in comorbidity with other disorders. According to the first national epidemiological investigation carried out in Italy, the prevalence of SLDs is 3.1-3.2%, which is lower that the prevalence obtained in the present study. This result, together with the presence of several cases of SLD in isolation (17.14%) and with a 3:1 ratio of males to females diagnosed with a SLD (which is typical of several pathologies, disorders or characteristics with a genetic origin), can be interpreted as a confirmation of the genetic basis of SLDs.
Lingua abstractinglese
Altro abstractClaudia Cappa, Sara Giulivi, Antonino Schilirò, Luca Bastiani, Carlo Muzio, Fabrizio Meloni, A screening on Specific Learning Disorders in an Italian speaking high genetic homogeneity area, , Volumes 45-46, October-November 2015, Pages 329-342, ISSN 0891-4222, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2015.07.011. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0891422215000864)
Lingua altro abstract-
Pagine da329
Pagine a342
Pagine totali14
RivistaResearch in developmental disabilities
Attiva dal 1987
Editore: Pergamon Press, - New York
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0891-4222
Titolo chiave: Research in developmental disabilities
Titolo proprio: Research in developmental disabilities.
Titolo abbreviato: Res. dev. disabil.
Numero volume della rivista45-46
Fascicolo della rivista-
DOI10.1016/j.ridd.2015.07.011
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazionePublished version
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)-
Parole chiaveDyslexia, Specific Learning Disorders, prevalence, high genetic homogeneity, screening, primary school, Italian language.
Link (URL, URI)-
Titolo parallelo-
Data di accettazione13/07/2015
Note/Altre informazioni-
Strutture CNR
  • IFC — Istituto di fisiologia clinica
Moduli CNR-
Progetti Europei-
Allegati

    Dati associati a vecchie tipologie
    I dati associati a vecchie tipologie non sono modificabili, derivano dal cambiamento della tipologia di prodotto e hanno solo valore storico.
    SupportoMemorie interne
    SintesiThe aim of the present research is to investigate the prevalence of Specific Learning Disorders (SLD) in Ogliastra, a particular area of Sardinia, Italy. Having experienced centuries of isolation, Ogliastra has become a high genetic homogeneity area, particularly interesting for studies on different kinds of pathologies. Here we are going to describe the results of a screening carried out throughout 2 consecutive years in 49 second grade classes (24 considered in the first year and 25 in the second year of the study) of the Ogliastra region. A total of 610 pupils (average age 7.54 years; 293 female, 317 male) corresponding to 68.69% of all pupils who were attending second grade in the area, took part in the study. The tool used for the screening was the "RSR-DSA. Questionnaire for the detection of learning difficulties and disorders", which allowed to identify 83 subjects at risk (13.61% of the whole sample involved in the study). These took part in an enhancement training program carried out for about 6 months. After the program, pupils underwent assessment for reading, writing and calculation abilities, as well as a cognitive assessment. According to the results of the assessment, the prevalence of SLDs was 6.06%. 4.75% of the total sample manifested dyslexia in isolation or in comorbidity with other disorders. According to the first national epidemiological investigation carried out in Italy, the prevalence of SLDs is 3.1-3.2%, which is lower that the prevalence obtained in the present study. This result, together with the presence of several cases of SLD in isolation (17.14%) and with a 3:1 ratio of males to females diagnosed with a SLD (which is typical of several pathologies, disorders or characteristics with a genetic origin), can be interpreted as a confirmation of the genetic basis of SLDs.
    Lingua sintesieng