Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

Tipo di prodottoArticolo in rivista
TitoloElectromagnetic field exposure assessment in Europe radiofrequency fields (10 MHz-6 GHz)
Anno di pubblicazione2013
Formato
  • Elettronico
  • Cartaceo
Autore/iGajsek, P., Ravazzani P., Wiart J., Grellier J., Samaras T., Thuróczy G.
Affiliazioni autoriGajsek, P.: Institute of Non-Ionizing Radiation (INIS), Ljubljana, Slovenia Ravazzani P.: CNR Consiglio Nazionale delle ricerche, Istituto di Ingegneria Biomedica ISIB, Milano Wiart J.: R&D Orange Lab, Paris, France Grellier J.: Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), PRBB, Barcelona, Spain e Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Imperial College, London, UK Samaras T.: Department of Physics, Aristotle, University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece Thuróczy G.: National Research Institute for Radiobiology and Radiohygiene, Budapest, Hungary
Autori CNR e affiliazioni
  • PAOLO GIUSEPPE RAVAZZANI
Lingua/e
  • inglese
AbstractAverage levels of exposure to radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) of the general public in Europe are difficult to summarize, as exposure levels have been reported differently in those studies in which they have been measured, and a large proportion of reported measurements were very low, sometimes falling below detection limits of the equipment used. The goal of this paper is to present an overview of the scientific literature on RF EMF exposure in Europe and to characterize exposure within the European population. A comparative analysis of the results of spot or long-term RF EMF measurements in the EU indicated that mean electric field strengths were between 0.08 V/m and 1.8 V/m. The overwhelming majority of measured mean electric field strengths were <1 V/m. It is estimated that <1% were above 6 V/m and <0.1% were above 20 V/m. No exposure levels exceeding European Council recommendations were identified in these surveys. Most population exposures from signals of radio and television broadcast towers were observed to be weak because these transmitters are usually far away from exposed individuals and are spatially sparsely distributed. On the other hand, the contribution made to RF exposure from wireless telecommunications technology is continuously increasing and its contribution was above 60% of the total exposure. According to the European exposure assessment studies identified, three population exposure categories (intermittent variable partial body exposure, intermittent variable low-level whole-body (WB) exposure and continuous low-level WB exposure) were recognized by the authors as informative for possible future risk assessment.
Lingua abstractinglese
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RivistaJournal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology
Attiva dal 2006
Editore: Nature Pub. Group, - New York, NY
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1559-0631
Titolo chiave: Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology
Titolo proprio: Journal of exposure science & environmental epidemiology.
Titolo abbreviato: J. expo. sci. environ. epidemiol.
Titolo alternativo: Journal of exposure science and environmental epidemiology
Numero volume della rivistaEpub ahead of print
Fascicolo della rivista-
DOI10.1038/jes.2013.40
Verificato da refereeSì: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazione-
Indicizzazione (in banche dati controllate)
  • Scopus (Codice:2-s2.0-84881265260)
Parole chiaveRF electromagnetic fields, exposure assessment, exposimetry, sources of exposure
Link (URL, URI)http://www.nature.com/jes/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/jes201340a.html
Titolo parallelo-
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Strutture CNR
  • IEIIT — Istituto di elettronica e di ingegneria dell'informazione e delle telecomunicazioni
Moduli CNR-
Progetti Europei-
Allegati
Gajsek et al., 2013 [Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology] (documento privato )
Tipo documento: application/pdf