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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: Word frequency modulates morpheme-based reading in poor and skilled Italian readers.
Anno di pubblicazione: 2011
Autori: Marcolini, S., Traficante, D., Zoccolotti, C., & Burani, C
Affiliazioni autori: 1 Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies (ISTC), CNR, Rome 2 Department of Psychology and Cultural Anthropology, University of Verona 3 Department of Psychology, CRIdee, Catholic University, Milan 4 Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome 5 Neuropsychology Unit, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome
Abstract: A previous study (Burani et al., Cognition, 2008) reported that, similar to young and adult skilled readers, Italian developmental dyslexics read pseudowords made up of a root and a derivational suffix faster and more accurately than simple pseudowords. Unlike skilled readers, only dyslexic and reading-matched younger children benefited from morphological structure in reading words aloud. In this study, we show that word frequency affects the probability of morpheme-based reading, interacting with reading ability. Young skilled readers named low- but not high-frequency morphologically complex words faster than simple words. By contrast, the advantage for morphologically complex words was present in poor readers irrespective of word frequency. Adult readers showed no facilitating effect of morphological structure. These results indicate that young readers use reading units (morphemes) that are larger than the single-grapheme grain-size. It is argued that morpheme-based reading is important for obtaining reading fluency (rather than accuracy) in transparent orthographies and is useful particularly in children with limited reading ability who do not fully master whole-word processing.
Pagine da: 513
Pagine a: 532
Cambridge University Press.
Numero volume: 32
Referee: Sė: Internazionale
Allegati: Word frequency modulates morpheme-based reading in poor and skilled Italian readers.
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