Home |  English version |  Mappa |  Commenti |  Sondaggio |  Staff |  Contattaci Cerca nel sito  
Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Technical artifacts: An integrated perspective

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Formato: Cartaceo

Autori: Borgo, Stefano; Franssen, Maarten; Garbacz, Pawel; Kitamura, Yoshinobu; Mizoguchi, Riichiro; Vermaas, Pieter E.

Affiliazioni autori: ISTC CNR; KRDB FUB; Delft University of Technology; Catholic University of Lublin; Osaka University; Japan Adv Inst Sci & Technol

Autori CNR:

  • STEFANO BORGO

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Humans are always interested in distinguishing natural and artificial entities although there is no sharp demarcation between the two categories. Surprisingly, things do not improve when the second type of entities is restricted to the arguably more constrained realm of physical technical artifacts. This paper helps to clarify the relationship between natural entities and technical artifacts by developing a conceptual landscape within which to analyze these notions. The framework is developed by studying three definitions of technical artifact which arise from different perspectives. All these perspectives share two intuitions: that technical artifacts are physical objects that exist by human intervention; and that technical artifacts are entities to be contrasted to natural entities. Yet the perspectives are different in the way they spell out these intuitions: the relevant human intervention may range from intentional selection to intentional production; and the contrast between technical artifacts and natural entities may be introduced by a constitution relation or by defining properties that set technical artifacts apart. The three perspectives are compared and their similarities and dissimilarities are explored with the help of ontological analysis.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 217

Pagine a: 235

Pagine totali: 19

Rivista:

Applied ontology IOS Press
Paese di pubblicazione: Paesi Bassi
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1570-5838

Numero volume: 9

Numero fascicolo: 3-4

DOI: 10.3233/AO-140137

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Indicizzato da:

  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000348587500002]
  • Scopus [2-s2.0-84922057890]

Parole chiave:

  • Technical artifact
  • formal ontology
  • natural-artificial distinction

Strutture CNR:

Moduli:

Allegati: Technical artifacts: An integrated perspective (application/pdf)
Humans are always interested in distinguishing natural and artificial entities although there is no sharp demarcation between the two categories. Things do not improve when the second is restricted to the more constrained realm of physical technical artifacts. This paper helps to clarify the relationship between natural entities and technical artifacts by developing a conceptual landscape within which to analyze them. The framework is developed by studying three definitions of technical artifact. All these share two intuitions: that technical artifacts are physical objects that exist by human intervention; and that technical artifacts are entities to be contrasted to natural entities. Yet the relevant human intervention may range from intentional selection to intentional production; and the contrast between technical artifacts and natural entities may be introduced by a constitution relation or by defining properties that set technical artifacts apart.

 
Torna indietro Richiedi modifiche Invia per email Stampa
Home Il CNR  |  I servizi News |   Eventi | Istituti |  Focus