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Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: What and Why understanding in autism spectrum disorders and williams syndrome: Similarities and differences

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Formato: Cartaceo

Autori: Sparaci, Laura; Stefanini, Silvia; D'Elia, Lidia; Vicari, Stefano; Rizzolatti, Giacomo

Affiliazioni autori: Universita degli Studi di Parma; Istituto Di Scienze E Tecnologie Della Cognizione, Rome; IRCCS Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesu; Local Health Unit (AUSL); Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia

Autori CNR:

  • LAURA SPARACI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and children with Williams syndrome (WS) show divergent social phenotypes, but also several similarities in their socio-cognitive deficits. Cross-syndrome direct comparisons could lead to a better understanding of mechanisms that determine deficits in social cognition in the two syndromes. A fundamental factor for social cognition is the ability to understand and predict others' actions (e.g. what action is being done and why it is being done when observing a goal-related act). Here we compared the understanding of others' actions in children with ASD, WS and in children with typical development. Comprehension of what motor act was being done and of why it was being done was assessed with or without contextual cueing using a computer-based task. The results showed that what understanding was impaired in the WS group, but not in the ASD group, which showed mental-age appropriate performance. Why understanding was impaired in both experimental groups. 2014 International Society for Autism Research, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 421

Pagine a: 432

Rivista:

Autism research Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1939-3792

Numero volume: 7

Numero fascicolo: 4

DOI: 10.1002/aur.1370

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84905916597]

Parole chiave:

  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Motor skills
  • Social cognition
  • Williams syndrome

URL: http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?eid=2-s2.0-84905916597&origin=inward

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