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Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Social networks in primates: smart and tolerant species have more efficient networks

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Autori: Pasquaretta, Cristian; Leve, Marine; Claidiere, Nicolas; van de Waal, Erica; Whiten, Andrew; MacIntosh, Andrew J. J.; Pele, Marie; Bergstrom, Mackenzie L.; Borgeaud, Christele; Brosnan, Sarah F.; Crofoot, Margaret C.; Fedigan, Linda M.; Fichtel, Claudia; Hopper, Lydia M.; Mareno, Mary Catherine; Petit, Odile; Schnoell, Anna Viktoria; Polizzi di Sorrentino, Eugenia; Thierry, Bernard; Tiddi, Barbara; Sueur, Cedric

Affiliazioni autori: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS); Ecole Normale Superieure (ENS) Paris; University of St Andrews; Mawana Game Reserve; Kyoto University; Kyoto University; Ethobiosci; University of Calgary; University of Neuchatel; Georgia State University; Georgia State University; University of California Davis; Smithsonian Institution; German Primate Ctr; University of Gottingen; Lincoln Pk Zoo; UTMD Anderson Cancer Center; University Libre Brussels; ISTC CNR; ISTC CNR; German Primate Ctr

Autori CNR:

  • EUGENIA POLIZZI DI SORRENTINO

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Network optimality has been described in genes, proteins and human communicative networks. In the latter, optimality leads to the efficient transmission of information with a minimum number of connections. Whilst studies show that differences in centrality exist in animal networks with central individuals having higher fitness, network efficiency has never been studied in animal groups. Here we studied 78 groups of primates (24 species). We found that group size and neocortex ratio were correlated with network efficiency. Centralisation (whether several individuals are central in the group) and modularity (how a group is clustered) had opposing effects on network efficiency, showing that tolerant species have more efficient networks. Such network properties affecting individual fitness could be shaped by natural selection. Our results are in accordance with the social brain and cultural intelligence hypotheses, which suggest that the importance of network efficiency and information flow through social learning relates to cognitive abilities.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Lingua altro abstract: inglese

Pagine totali: 8

Rivista:

Scientific reports Nature Publishing Group
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 2045-2322

Numero volume: 4

DOI: 10.1038/srep07600

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000346725600002]

Parole chiave:

  • social network primates

Strutture CNR:

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