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Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: The evolution of self-control

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Formato: Cartaceo

Autori: MacLean, Evan L.; Hare, Brian; Nunn, Charles L.; Addessi, Elsa; Amici, Federica; Anderson, Rindy C.; Aureli, Filippo; Baker, Joseph M.; Bania, Amanda E.; Barnard, Allison M.; Boogert, Neeltje J.; Brannon, Elizabeth M.; Bray, Emily E.; Bray, Joel; Brent, Lauren J. N.; Burkart, Judith M.; Call, Josep; Cantlon, Jessica F.; Cheke, Lucy G.; Clayton, Nicola S.; Delgado, Mikel M.; DiVincenti, Louis J.; Fujita, Kazuo; Herrmann, Esther; Hiramatsu, Chihiro; Jacobs, Lucia F.; Jordan, Kerry E.; Laude, Jennifer R.; Leimgruber, Kristin L.; Messer, Emily J. E.; Moura, Antonio C. de A.; Ostojic, Ljerka; Picard, Alejandra; Platt, Michael L.; Plotnik, Joshua M.; Range, Friederike; Reader, Simon M.; Reddy, Rachna B.; Sandel, Aaron A.; Santos, Laurie R.; Schumann, Katrin; Seed, Amanda M.; Sewall, Kendra B.; Shaw, Rachael C.; Slocombe, Katie E.; Su, Yanjie; Takimoto, Ayaka; Tan, Jingzhi; Tao, Ruoting; van Schaik, Carel P.; Viranyi, Zsoia; Visalberghi, Elisabetta; Wade, Jordan C.; Watanabe, Arii; Widness, Jane; Young, Julie K.; Zentall, Thomas R.; Zhao, Yini

Affiliazioni autori: Duke University; Duke University; Duke University; Duke University; Duke University; Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR); Max Planck Society; Duke University; Univ Veracruzana; Liverpool John Moores University; Stanford University; Stanford University; Smithsonian Natl Zool Pk; University of Rochester; University of Rochester; University of St Andrews; University of Pennsylvania; University of Zurich; University of Cambridge; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory; Kyoto University; Utah State University; Utah State University; University of Kentucky; Yale University; Universidade Federal da Paraiba; University of York - UK; Think Elephants Int; University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna; Wolf Sci Ctr; McGill University; University of Michigan; Peking University

Autori CNR:

  • ELSA ADDESSI
  • ELISABETTA VISALBERGHI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Cognition presents evolutionary research with one of its greatest challenges. Cognitive evolution has been explained at the proximate level by shifts in absolute and relative brain volume and at the ultimate level by differences in social and dietary complexity. However, no study has integrated the experimental and phylogenetic approach at the scale required to rigorously test these explanations. Instead, previous research has largely relied on various measures of brain size as proxies for cognitive abilities. We experimentally evaluated these major evolutionary explanations by quantitatively comparing the cognitive performance of 567 individuals representing 36 species on two problem-solving tasks measuring self-control. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that absolute brain volume best predicted performance across species and accounted for considerably more variance than brain volume controlling for body mass. This result corroborates recent advances in evolutionary neurobiology and illustrates the cognitive consequences of cortical reorganization through increases in brain volume. Within primates, dietary breadth but not social group size was a strong predictor of species differences in self-control. Our results implicate robust evolutionary relationships between dietary breadth, absolute brain volume, and self-control. These findings provide a significant first step toward quantifying the primate cognitive phenome and explaining the process of cognitive evolution.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: E2140

Pagine a: E2148

Pagine totali: 9

Rivista:

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America The Academy,
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0027-8424

Numero volume: 111

Numero fascicolo: 20

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1323533111

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000336168100011]

Parole chiave:

  • psychology
  • behavior
  • comparative methods
  • inhibitory control
  • executive function

Strutture CNR:

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