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Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: For a science of layered mechanisms: beyond laws, statistics, and correlations

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Castelfranchi, Cristiano

Affiliazioni autori: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR)

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Two general claims are made in this work. First, we need several different layers of "theory," in particular for understanding human behavior. These layers should concern: the cognitive (mental) representations and mechanisms; the neural underlying processes; the evolutionary history and adaptive functions of our cognition and behaviors; the emergent and complex social structures and dynamics, their relation and feedbacks on individual minds and behaviors, and the relationship between internal regulating goals and the external functions/roles of our conduct; the historical and cultural mechanisms shaping our minds and behaviors; the developmental paths. Second, we do not just need "predictions" and "laws" but also "explanations"; that is, we need to identify the mechanisms producing (here-and-now, or diachronically) a given phenomenon. "Laws" are not enough; they are simply descriptive and predictive; we need the "why" and "how." Correlations are not enough (and they are frequently misleading). We need computational models of the processes postulated in our theories(1).

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine totali: 12


Frontiers in Psychology Frontiers Research Foundation
Paese di pubblicazione:
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1664-1078

Numero volume: 5

DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00536

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000337666800002]

Parole chiave:

  • reductionism
  • cognitive architecture
  • emergence
  • intentions
  • functions
  • computer modeling and simulation
  • proximate causes

Strutture CNR:

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