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Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Time Devours Things: How Impulsivity and Time Affect Temporal Decisions in Pathological Gamblers

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Autori: Grecucci, Alessandro (a); Giorgetta, Cinzia (b); Rattin, Andrea (a); Guerreschi, Cesare (c); Sanfey, Alan G. (d) (e); Bonini, Nicolao (f)

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Psychology and Cognitive Science, University of Trento, Italy(a); Institute of Cognitive Science and Technology, CNR, Trento, Italy (b); SocietÓ Italiana Intervento Patologie Compulsive (SIIPAC), Bolzano, Italy (c); Department of Psychology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America (d); Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands (e); Department of Economics and Management, University of Trento, Italy (f)

Autori CNR:

  • CINZIA GIORGETTA

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Impulsivity is associated with several psychiatric disorders in which the loss of control of a specific behavior determines the syndrome itself. One particularly interesting population characterized by reported high impulsivity and problematic decision-making are those diagnosed with pathological gambling. However the association between impulsivity and decision making in pathological gambling has been only partially confirmed until now. We tested 23 normal controls and 23 diagnosed pathological gamblers in an intertemporal choice task, as well as other personality trait measurements. Results showed that gamblers scored higher on impulsivity questionnaires, and selected a higher percentage of impatient choices (higher percentage of smaller, sooner rewards), when compared to normal controls. Moreover, gamblers were faster in terms of reaction times at selecting the smaller, sooner options and discounted rewards more rapidly over time. Importantly, regression analyses clarified that self-reported measures of impulsivity played a significant role in biasing decisions towards small but more rapidly available rewards. In the present study we found evidence for impulsivity in personality traits and decisions in pathological gamblers relative to controls. We conclude by speculating on the need to incorporate impulsivity and decision biases in the conceptualization of pathological gambling for a better understanding and treatment of this pathology.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine totali: 11

Rivista:

PloS one Public Library of Science
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1932-6203

Numero volume: 9

Numero fascicolo: 10

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0109197

Indicizzato da:

  • ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000345204000045]
  • Scopus [2-s2.0-84907735615]

Strutture CNR:

Moduli:

Allegati: Time Devours Things: How Impulsivity and Time Affect Temporal Decisions in Pathological Gamblers (application/pdf)

 
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