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Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2014

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Contradictory reasoning network: An EEG and fMRI study

Anno di pubblicazione: 2014

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Porcaro, Camillo; Medaglia, Maria Teresa; Thai, Ngoc Jade; Seri, Stefano S.; Rotshtein, Pia; Tecchio, Franca

Affiliazioni autori: Istituto Di Scienze E Tecnologie Della Cognizione, Rome; Universita degli Studi Roma Tre; Aston University; University of Birmingham; IRCCS San Raffaele Pisana

Autori CNR:

  • CAMILLO PORCARO
  • FRANCA MATILDE TECCHIO

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Contradiction is a cornerstone of human rationality, essential for everyday life and communication. We investigated electroencephalographic (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in separate recording sessions during contradictory judgments, using a logical structure based on categorical propositions of the Aristotelian Square of Opposition (ASoO). The use of ASoO propositions, while controlling for potential linguistic or semantic confounds, enabled us to observe the spatial temporal unfolding of this contradictory reasoning. The processing started with the inversion of the logical operators corresponding to right middle frontal gyrus (rMFG-BA11) activation, followed by identification of contradictory statement associated with in the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG-BA47) activation. Right medial frontal gyrus (rMeFG, BA10) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC, BA32) contributed to the later stages of process. We observed a correlation between the delayed latency of rBA11 response and the reaction time delay during inductive vs. deductive reasoning. This supports the notion that rBA11 is crucial for manipulating the logical operators. Slower processing time and stronger brain responses for inductive logic suggested that examples are easier to process than general principles and are more likely to simplify communication. 2014 Porcaro et al.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Rivista:

PloS one Public Library of Science
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1932-6203

Numero volume: 9

Numero fascicolo: 3

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092835

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84899876536]

URL: http://www.scopus.com/record/display.url?eid=2-s2.0-84899876536&origin=inward

Strutture CNR:

 
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