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Istituto di scienze e tecnologie della cognizione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2011

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Play and primates: social, communicative, and cognitive aspects of one of the most puzzling behaviour

Anno di pubblicazione: 2011

Autori: Palagi, E. ; Mancini, G.

Affiliazioni autori: CNR-ISTC, Roma2-Bioparco ; Centro Interdipartimentale Museo di Storia Naturale e del Territorio, Università di Pisa

Autori CNR:

  • ELISABETTA PALAGI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Play is extremely difficult to define and its ben- efits are not easily detectable. Due to its multifunctional nature, play represents a good opportunity to test some hypotheses on social, communicative, and cognitive aspects of animal and human behaviour. For this reason, compara- tive studies of social play can make contributions to a wide variety of fields (evolutionary biology, ethology, anthropol- ogy, psychology, and neuroscience). Here, we present data published in the last ten years by the primatologists of the Natural History Museum (university of Pisa) on a number of primate species in order to elucidate the importance of studying play behaviour in a comparative perspective. Firstly, we explore the immediate functions of adult social play especially in managing tension situations both within and between group members. Then, we discuss data on the importance of playful signals as tools in limiting compe- tition and increasing cooperation that characterized each social play session. Finally, we provide new data on the presence of facial mimicry during play in a cercopitecoid species, a phenomenon homologous to human laughter con- tagion. The facial mimicry, up to now demonstrated only in apes and humans, is the expression of emotional contagion, a fundamental building block of empathy. In conclusion, such findings suggest that play behaviour also provides a good opportunity to investigate the affecting mechanisms at the basis of animal social cognition.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 121

Pagine a: 128

Rivista:

Atti della Societá Toscana di Scienze Naturali Residente in Pisa. Memorie série B S.T.S.N.,
Paese di pubblicazione: Italia
Lingua: italiano
ISSN: 0365-7450

Numero volume: 118

DOI: 10.2424/ASTSN.M.2011.32

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Parole chiave:

  • Social play
  • playful facial expressions
  • social bonding
  • communication
  • facial mimicry

Altre informazioni: ID_PUMA: /cnr.istc/2011-B0-012. - Area di valutazione 11 - Scienze storiche, filosofiche, psicologiche e pedagogiche

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