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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2010

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Fasting and post-prandial adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase and hormone-sensitive lipase in obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2010

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Costabile G, Annuzzi G, Di Marino L, De Natale C, Giacco R, Bozzetto L, Cipriano P, Santangelo C, Masella R, Rivellese AA.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Federico II University, Naples, Italy. Institute of Food Science, CNR-Avellino, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • ROSALBA GIACCO
  • GABRIELE RICCARDI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Fasting and post-prandial abnormalities of adipose tissue (AT) lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hormone- sensitive lipase (HSL) activities may have pathophysiological relevance in insulin-resistant conditions. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate activity and gene expression of AT LPL and HSL at fasting and 6 h after meal in two insulin-resistant groups - obese with Type 2 diabetes and obese without diabetes - and in non-diabetic normal-weight controls. MATERIAL/SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nine obese subjects with diabetes, 10 with obesity alone, and 9 controls underwent measurements of plasma levels of glucose, insulin, and triglycerides before and after a standard fat-rich meal. Fasting and post-prandial (6 h) LPL and HSL activities and gene expressions were determined in abdominal subcutaneous AT needle biopsies. RESULTS: The diabetic obese subjects had significantly lower fasting and post-prandial AT heparin-releasable LPL activity than only obese and control subjects (p<0.05) as well as lower mRNA LPL levels. HSL activity was significantly reduced in the 2 groups of obese subjects compared to controls in both fasting condition and 6 h after the meal (p<0.05), while HSL mRNA levels were not different. There were no significant changes between fasting and 6 h after meal measurements in either LPL or HSL activities and gene expressions. CONCLUSIONS: Lipolytic activities in AT are differently altered in obesity and Type 2 diabetes being HSL alteration associated with both insulin-resistant conditions and LPL with diabetes per se. These abnormalities are similarly observed in the fasting condition and after a fat-rich meal.

Rivista:

Journal of endocrinological investigation Kurtis.
Paese di pubblicazione: Italia
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1720-8386

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: PubMed [PMID: 20926921]

Strutture CNR:

Moduli:

Allegati: Fasting and post-prandial adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase and hormone-sensitive lipase (application/pdf)

 
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