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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2008

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Gender inequalities in maternal perception of healthy child body shape and their association with child body mass and blood pressure.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2008

Autori: Barba G; Casullo C; Russo P; Siani A; ARCA Project Study Group.

Affiliazioni autori: Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Science, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy, Child Health Department, Azienda Sanitaria Locale AV2, Avellino, Italy

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether maternal perception of child body shape is different for boys and girls and whether this subjective parameter is associated with objective indices of cardiovascular health. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey (the ARCA Project). SETTING: Southern Italy. SUBJECTS: Body mass index, waist circumference and blood pressure were measured according to standardised procedures in 3551 children (Boys = 1778; Girls = 1773) aged 6-11 years. Maternal perception of child body shape was investigated by inviting mothers to choose, within two sets of seven, 9-year-old child silhouettes (one set for boys and one set for girls), the body shape they perceived as that of a healthy child. RESULTS: Although the majority of mothers indicated the median silhouette as 'healthy', mothers of girls chose a fatter silhouette as 'healthy' more often than the mothers of boys (P = 0.001). By regression analysis, mothers' perception of a child's body shape was a significant determinant (P < 0.01) of blood pressure in both genders, and of anthropometric indices in girls only, independently of parental overweight, education, birth weight and physical activity. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that maternal perception of a healthy body shape in children is associated with her child's blood pressure and degree of adiposity; with regard to the latter, differences between genders are apparent.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 78

Pagine a: 83


International journal of pediatric obesity Taylor & Francis,
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1747-7166

Numero volume: 3

DOI: 10.1080/17477160701667420

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000256533100003]

Parole chiave:

  • Gender
  • body shape
  • adiposity
  • blood pressure
  • children

Strutture CNR:


Allegati: Articolo pubblicato (application/pdf)

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