Home |  English version |  Mappa |  Commenti |  Sondaggio |  Staff |  Contattaci Cerca nel sito  
Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2008

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Gliadin activates HLA Class I-restricted CD8+ T-cells in coeliac intestinal mucosa and induces the enterocyte apoptosis.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2008

Formato: Cartaceo

Autori: Mazzarella G, Stefanile R, Camarca A, Giliberti P, Casentini E, Marano C, Iaquinto G, Giardullo N, Auricchio S, Sette A, Troncone R, Gianfrani C.

Affiliazioni autori: Institute of Food Sciences, CNR, Avellino, Italy; ?Immunohematology and Transfusion Medicin and §European Laboratory for the Investigation of Food-Induced Diseases, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy; Gastroenterology Unit, Hospital Moscati, Avellino, Italy; and śLa Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology, San Diego, California

Autori CNR:

  • ALESSANDRA CAMARCA
  • CARMELA GIANFRANI
  • GIUSEPPE MAZZARELLA

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: BACKGROUND & AIMS: The extensive infiltration of CD8(+) T cells in the intestinal mucosa of celiac disease (CD) patients is a hallmark of the disease. We identified a gliadin peptide (pA2) that is selectively recognized by CD8(+) T cells infiltrating intestinal mucosa of HLA-A2(+) CD patients. Herein, we investigated the phenotype, the tissue localization, and the effector mechanism of cells responsive to pA2 by using the organ culture of CD intestinal mucosa. The target of pA2-mediated cytotoxicity was also investigated by using the intestinal epithelial cell lines Caco2 and HT29, A2(+) and A2(-), respectively, as target cells. METHODS: Jejunal biopsy specimens from CD patients were cultured in vitro with pA2, and cellular activation was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and cytofluorimetric analysis. Cytotoxicity of pA2-specific, intestinal CD8(+) T cells was assayed by granzyme-B and interferon-gamma release and by apoptosis of target cells. RESULTS: pA2 challenge of A2(+) CD mucosa increased the percentage of CD8(+)CD25(+) and of CD80(+) cells in the lamina propria, the former mainly localized beneath the epithelium, as well as the number of terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling-positive cells (TUNEL(+)) in the epithelium. Intraepithelial CD3(+) cells and enterocyte expression of Fas were also increased. CD8(+)CD25(+) and CD8(+)FASL(+) T cells were significantly increased in cell preparations from biopsy specimens cultured with pA2. CD8(+) T-cell lines released both granzyme-B and interferon-gamma following recognition of pA2 when presented by Caco2 and not by HT29. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that gliadins contain peptides able to activate, through a TCR/HLA class I interaction, CD8-mediated response in intestinal CD mucosa and to induce the enterocyte apoptosis.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 1017

Pagine a: 1027

Rivista:

Gastroenterology W.B. Saunders.
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0016-5085

Numero volume: 134

DOI: 10.1053/j.gastro.2008.01.008

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000254853800022]

Parole chiave:

  • celiac; HLA-I; CD8; apoptosis

Strutture CNR:

Moduli:

 
Torna indietro Richiedi modifiche Invia per email Stampa
Home Il CNR  |  I servizi News |   Eventi | Istituti |  Focus