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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: A single chondroitin 6-sulfate oligosaccharide unit at Ser-2730 of human thyroglobulin enhances hormone formation and limits proteolytic accessibility at the carboxyl terminus Potential insights into thyroid homeostasis and autoimmunity.
Anno di pubblicazione: 2006
Autori: Conte M, Arcaro A, D'Angelo D, Gnata A, Mamone G, Ferranti P, Formisano S, Gentile F.
Abstract: We localized the site of type D (chondroitin 6-sulfate) oligosaccharide unit addition to human thyroglobulin (hTg). hTg was chromatographically separated into chondroitin 6-sulfate-containing (hTg-CS) and chondroitin 6-sulfate-devoid (hTg-CS0) molecules on the basis of their D-glucuronic acid content. In an ample number of hTg preparations, the fraction of hTg-CS in total hTg ranged from 32.0 to 71.6%. By exploiting the electrophoretic mobility shift and metachromasia conferred by chondroitin 6-sulfate upon the products of limited proteolysis of hTg, chondroitin 6-sulfate was first restricted to a carboxyl-terminal region, starting at residue 2514. A single chondroitin 6-sulfate-containing nonapeptide was isolated in pure form from the products of digestion of hTg with endoproteinase Glu-C, and its sequence was determined as LTAGXGLRE (residues 2726-2734, X being Ser2730 linked to the oligosaccharide chain). In an in vitro assay of enzymatic iodination, hTg-CS produced higher yields of 3,5,5 '-triiodothyronine (T3) (171%) and 3,5,3',5'-tetraiodothyronine (T4) (134%) than hTg-CS0. Unfractionated hTg behaved as hTg-CS. Thus, chondroitin 6-sulfate addition to a subset of hTg molecules enhanced the overall level of T4 and, in particular, T3 formation. Furthermore, the chondroitin 6-sulfate oligosaccharide unit of hTg-CS protected peptide bond Lys2714-Gly2715 from proteolysis, during the limited digestion of hTg-CS with trypsin. These findings provide insights into the molecular mechanism of regulation of the hormonogenic efficiency and of the T4/T3 ratio in hTg. The potential implications in the ability of hTg to function as an autoantigen and into the pathogenesis of thyroidal and extra-thyroidal manifestations of autoimmune thyroid disease are discussed.
Pagine da: 22200
Pagine a: 22211
Numero volume: 281
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