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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2006

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Body mass, fat distribution and blood pressure in Southern Italian children: results of the ARCA project.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2006

Autori: Barba G; Troiano E; Russo P; Strazzullo P; Siani A.

Affiliazioni autori: Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Via Roma 52 A/C, 83100 Avellino, Italy Department of Clinical & Experimental Medicine, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • GIANVINCENZO BARBA
  • PAOLA RUSSO
  • ALFONSO SIANI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the degree of adiposity, assessed using the international reference values for body mass index (BMI) of the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF), the fat distribution pattern and the blood pressure (BP) profile in children. METHODS: Anthropometric indices and blood pressure were measured in 3923 children aged 6-11 years in southern Italy. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity (by IOTF references) and pediatric hypertension was, respectively: 27, 21 and 10% for boys; 25, 21 and 14% for girls. Body mass index and waist z-scores were the strongest determinants of BP by regression analysis. Overweight and obesity were associated with a greater tendency for central fat deposition and higher BP (waist, cm; boys: 59.2+/-6.0, 69.5+/-7.9, 79.0+/-9.7; girls: 58.8+/-6.5, 68.2+/-7.4, 75.3+/-8.9; SBP/DBP, mmHg; boys: 94/60+/-12/9, 99/62+/-13/8, 103/64+/-15/10; girls: 93/59+/-12/9, 99/62+/-14/9, 101/63+/-14/9; normal weight, overweight and obese, respectively; P<0.0001; M+/-SD), and a higher risk of hypertension (overweight: RR=2.33; 95% CI 1.76-3.08; obesity: RR=3.69; 95% CI 2.78-4.90), independent of age, physical activity, birth weight, parental adiposity and education. Among normal weight children, 99% had waist <85th percentile and 93% were normotensive. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obese children, identified according to the IOTF growth charts, are characterized by a central fat distribution pattern and higher BP.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 239

Pagine a: 248

Rivista:

NMCD. Nutrition Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases Medikal Press.
Paese di pubblicazione: Italia
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0939-4753

Numero volume: 16

DOI: 10.1016/j.numecd.2006.02.005

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000238231600002]

Parole chiave:

  • Childhood obesity
  • Abdominal adiposity
  • Blood pressure
  • Prevention
  • Risk factors

Strutture CNR:

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