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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2003

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Glycemic Index of local foods and diets: The mediterranean Experience.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2003

Autori: Riccardi G., Clemente G. and Giacco R.

Affiliazioni autori: G.Clemente, R.Giacco: Istituto Scienze dell'Alimentazione -CNR-Avellino Prof. G.Riccardi Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale, FacoltÓ di Medicina, UniversitÓ degli Studi "Federico II" di Napoli

Autori CNR:


Abstract: The Mediterranean diet is a healthful eating pattern associated with the prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). Its main features are moderate intake of total fat (predominantly monounsaturated fat), low consumption of saturated fat and cholesterol-rich foods, and high intake of starch. Although this type of diet has beneficial effects on lipid metabolism, its high carbohydrate content might not be ideal for patients with diabetes or other conditions associated with insulin resistance (e.g., metabolic syndrome), who are known to be at particular risk of CHD. We therefore evaluated the glycemic response to starchy foods based on wheat (typical of the Italian diet) in patients with type 2 diabetes and identified certain characteristics of foods explaining their effects on postprandial glucose response. We found that spaghetti and potato dumplings, owing to their low blood glucose response, represent a valid alternative to other starchy foods typical of the Mediterranean diet. Food structure plays an important role in determining the accessibility of starch to digestion, thus influencing the postprandial blood glucose response, which modulates plasma insulin and lipid levels.

Pagine da: S56

Pagine a: S60


Nutrition reviews Springer Internat..
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0029-6643

Numero volume: 51

Parole chiave:

  • Glycemic index
  • Fiber
  • Diabetes
  • Mediterranean diet

Altre informazioni: 19 pulito da 20 Fattore d'impatto 2003: 2.318

Strutture CNR:

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