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Contributo in rivista
Tipo: Articolo in rivista
Titolo: A cross-sectional study of obesogenic behaviours and family rules according to family structure in European children
Anno di pubblicazione: 2020
Autori: Stahlmann K.; Hebestreit A.; Dehenauw S.; Hunsberger M.; Kaprio J.; Lissner L.; Molnar D.; Ayala-Marin A.M.; Reisch L.A.; Russo P.; Tornaritis M.; Veidebaum T.; Pohlabeln H.; Bogl L.H.
Affiliazioni autori: Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany. Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. Institute of Molecular Medicine FIMM, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland. Department of Paediatrics, Medical School, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary. GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain. Department of Management, Society and Communication, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark. Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy. Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus. Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia. Department of Epidemiology, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
Abstract: Background: There has been an increase in children growing up in non-traditional families, such as single-parent and blended families. Children from such families have a higher prevalence of obesity and poorer health outcomes, but research on the relationship with obesogenic behaviours is limited. Objectives: Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether there are associations between family structures and obesogenic behaviours and related family rules in European children and adolescents. Methods: The sample included 7664 children (mean age ± SD: 10.9 ± 2.9) from 4923 families who were participants of the multi-centre I.Family study (2013/2014) conducted in 8 European countries. Family structure was assessed by a detailed interview on kinship and household. Obesogenic behaviours (screen time, sleep duration, consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs)) and family rules (rules for computer and television, bedtime routine, availability of SSBs during meals) were determined by standardized questionnaires. Multilevel mixed-effects linear and logistic regression models were used to model the associations of family structure with obesogenic behaviours and family rules. Sex, age, parental education level, number of children and adults in the household and BMI z-score were covariates in the models. Two-parent biological families were set as the reference category. Results: Children from single-parent families were less likely to have family rules regarding screen time (OR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.40-0.94, p = 0.026) with higher reported hours of screen time per week (? = 2.70 h/week, 95% CI: 1.39-4.00, p < 0.001). The frequency of weekly SSB consumption differed by family structure in a sex-specific manner: girls from single-parent (? = 3.19 frequency/week, 95% CI: 0.91-5.47, p = 0.006) and boys from blended/adoptive families (? = 3.01 frequency/week, 95% CI: 0.99-5.03, p = 0.004) consumed more SSBs. Sleep duration, bedtime routines and availability of SSBs during meals did not differ between children from these family structures. Parental education did not modify any of these associations. Conclusions: Parents in non-traditional family structures appear to experience more difficulties in restricting screen time and the intake of SSBs in their children than parents in traditional two-parent family structures. Our findings therefore suggest that additional support and effective strategies for parents in non-traditional families may help to reduce obesogenic behaviours in children from such family types.
Lingua abstract: inglese
Pagine da: 32
Pagine totali: 12
The international journal of behavioural nutrition and physical activity
Numero volume: 17
Referee: Sě: Internazionale
Stato della pubblicazione: Published version
Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-85081209931]
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