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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2018

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: The Association With Two Different Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Differently Affects Water Stress Tolerance in Tomato

Anno di pubblicazione: 2018

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Volpe V., Chitarra, W., Cascone P., Volpe M.G., Bartolini P., Moneti G., Pieraccini G., Di Serio C., Maserti B., Guerrieri E., Balestrini R.

Affiliazioni autori: Volpe V.: Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Turin, Italy; Chitarra W.: Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Centre of Viticulture and Enology Research, Conegliano, Italy; Moneti G., Pieraccini G.: Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy; Di Serio C.: Geriatric Intensive Care Unit, Experimental and Clinical Medicine Department, University of Florence, AOU Careggi, Florence, Italy

Autori CNR:

  • RAFFAELLA MARIA BALESTRINI
  • PAOLA BARTOLINI
  • PASQUALE CASCONE
  • WALTER CHITARRA
  • EMILIO GUERRIERI
  • BIANCAELENA MASERTI
  • MARIA GRAZIA VOLPE

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi are very widespread, forming symbiotic associations with similar to 80% of land plant species, including almost all crop plants. These fungi are considered of great interest for their use as biofertilizer in low-input and organic agriculture. In addition to an improvement in plant nutrition, AM fungi have been reported to enhance plant tolerance to important abiotic and biotic environmental conditions, especially to a reduced availability of resources. These features, to be exploited and applied in the field, require a thorough identification of mechanisms involved in nutrient transfer, metabolic pathways induced by single and multiple stresses, physiological and eco-physiological mechanisms resulting in improved tolerance. However, cooperation between host plants and AM fungi is often related to the specificity of symbiotic partners, the environmental conditions and the availability of resources. In this study, the impact of two AM fungal species (Funneliformis mosseae and Rhizophagus intraradices) on the water stress tolerance of a commercial tomato cultivar (San Marzano nano) has been evaluated in pots. Biometric and eco-physiological parameters have been recorded and gene expression analyses in tomato roots have been focused on plant and fungal genes involved in inorganic phosphate (Pi) uptake and transport. R. intraradices, which resulted to be more efficient than F. mosseae to improve physiological performances, was selected to assess the role of AM symbiosis on tomato plants subjected to combined stresses (moderate water stress and aphid infestation) in controlled conditions. A positive effect on the tomato indirect defense toward aphids in terms of enhanced attraction of their natural enemies was observed, in agreement with the characterization of volatile organic compound (VOC) released. In conclusion, our results offer new insights for understanding the molecular and physiological mechanisms involved in the tolerance toward water deficit as mediated by a specific AM fungus. Moreover, they open new perspectives for the exploitation of AM symbiosis to enhance crop tolerance to abiotic and biotic stresses in a scenario of global change.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine totali: 16

Rivista:

Frontiers in plant science Frontiers Research Foundation,
Paese di pubblicazione: Svizzera
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1664-462X

Numero volume: 9

DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2018.01480

Referee: Sė: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000446684400001]

Parole chiave:

  • aphid
  • arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis
  • phosphate transporter
  • plant tolerance
  • Solanum lycopersicum
  • volatile organic compound
  • water deficit

Strutture CNR:

 
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