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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2018

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Associations between exclusive breastfeeding and physical fitness during childhood

Anno di pubblicazione: 2018

Autori: Zaqout M, Michels N, Ahrens W, Börnhorst C, Molnár D, Moreno LA, Eiben G, Siani A, Papoutsou S, Veidebaum T, De Henauw S; IDEFICS consortium.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, 4K3, Ghent, Belgium 2 Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology BIPS, Bremen, Germany 3 Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary 4 GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain 5 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden 6 Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy 7 Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus 8 Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia

Autori CNR:

  • ALFONSO SIANI

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Purpose Exposure to breastfeeding improves the survival, health, and development of children; therefore, breast milk is recommended as the exclusive nutrient source for feeding term infants during the frst 6 months. This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the possible association between exposure to exclusive breastfeeding and physical ftness performance in children and, if so, whether this association is infuenced by the breastfeeding duration. Methods A total of 2853 (52.3 % girls) European children from the IDEFICS study aged 6-11 years with complete data on physical ftness (cardiorespiratory ftness, muscular strength, fexibility, balance, speed) and exclusive breastfeeding duration (never, 1-3, 4-6, 7-12 months) were included in the present study. Multivariate and mixed linear regression models were estimated and adjusted for sex, age, birth weight, diet, physical activity, body mass index, and parental factors (age, body mass index, educational attainment). Results We found a positive association between exclusive breastfeeding and lower-body explosive strength (? = 0.034) as well as fexibility (? = 0.028). We also found a positive association between breastfeeding and balance in boys (? = 0.039), while this association was negative in girls (? = -0.029). To improve lower-body explosive strength, 1-3 months of exclusive breastfeeding were enough; a longer duration did not lead to increasing beneft. In contrast, 4-6 months of breastfeeding were necessary to have any beneft on fexibility or balance, although this became nonsignifcant after adjustment for body mass index and physical activity. Conclusions Exclusive breastfeeding seems a natural way of slightly improving some physical ftness components (mainly lower-body muscle strength) and thus future health.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 545

Pagine a: 555

Pagine totali: 11

Rivista:

European journal of nutrition Steinkopff.
Paese di pubblicazione: Germania
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1436-6207

Numero volume: 57

Numero fascicolo: 2

DOI: 10.1007/s00394-016-1337-3

Referee: Sě: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000427285000012]

Parole chiave:

  • Exclusive breastfeeding
  • Physical fitness
  • Children
  • Muscle strength
  • Flexibility
  • Balance

URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00394-016-1337-3

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