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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2018

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Association between parental consumer attitudes with their children's sensory taste preferences as well as their food choice

Anno di pubblicazione: 2018

Autori: Hannah S. Jilani1,2, Hermann Pohlabeln1, Kirsten Buchecker3, Wencke Gwozdz4, Stefaan De Henauw5, Gabriele Eiben6,7, De┬nes Molnar8, Luis A. Moreno9, Valeria Pala10, Lucia Reisch4, Paola Russo11, Toomas Veidebaum12, Wolfgang Ahrens1,13, Antje Hebestreit1, on behalf of the IDEFICS consortium

Affiliazioni autori: 1 Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany, 2 Institute for Public Health and Nursing Research, University of Bremen and Health Sciences Bremen, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany, 3 Department of Food Science, TTZ, Bremerhaven, Germany, 4 Department of Management, Society and Communication, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark, 5 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium, 6 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, 7 Department of Biomedicine and Public Health, School of Health and Education, University of Sko╚vde, Sko╚vde, Sweden, 8 Department of Pediatrics, University of Pe┬cs, Medical School, Pe┬cs, Hungary, 9 GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain, 10 Department of Preventive and Predictive Medicine, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy, 11 Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy, 12 Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia, 13 Institute of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Background We investigated the association between the consumer attitudes of European parents and their children's taste preferences and food choice. Furthermore, we studied whether the parental consumer attitudes were related to education level. Methods This analysis included 1,407 IDEFICS study children aged 6.0 to 11.8 years and from 7 European countries, who participated in the sensory taste perception module between 2007 and 2010. Parental consumer attitude was operationalized as `trusting in foods known from advertisements' (trusting advertisements) and as `not avoiding additives in food' (not avoiding additives). Parents reported their educational attainment and completed a food frequency questionnaire for their children. Consumption frequencies of sweet, fatty and processed foods as well as a healthy diet adherence score were calculated. Children performed fat, sweet and umami taste preference tests. Multivariable logistic models were used to analyse the association between parental consumer attitudes and their children's taste preference frequencies as well as parental education. Linear regression models were used to analyse the association between parental consumer attitudes and their children's food consumption. Results Parental consumer attitudes were not associated with children's fat, sweet and umami taste preferences. Children of parents trusting advertisements consumed more frequently processed foods (? = 1.21, 95% CI: 0.49; 1.93). Children of parents not avoiding additives consumed more often sweet, fatty and processed foods and had a lower healthy diet adherence score (? = 2.37, 95% CI: 1.03; 3.70; ? = 2.27, 95% CI: 1.12; 3.43; ? = 0.91, 95% CI: 0.22; 1.59; ? = -2.87, 95% CI: -3.89; -1.85, respectively). Unfavourable parental consumer attitudes were associated with a lower parental education level across Europe (Compared to high education: Odds Ratio (OR) of trusting advertisements with medium education: 1.04, 95% CI: 0.77; 1.40; OR with low education: 2.01, 95% CI: 1.15; 3.54; OR of not avoiding additives with medium education: 1.91, 95% CI: 1.44; 2.54; OR with low education: 1.76, 95% CI: 0.96; 3.24). Conclusions Across Europe, unfavourable parental consumer attitudes are associated with a lower diet quality of their children. Parental consumer attitudes in turn were associated with their own level of education. This has implications for policy makers, interventions and health promotion programmes that aim to promote healthy eating.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine totali: 13


PloS one Public Library of Science
Paese di pubblicazione: Stati Uniti d'America
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1932-6203

Numero volume: 13

Numero fascicolo: 8

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200413

Referee: Sý: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000440415500027]

Parole chiave:

  • food choice
  • children
  • taste preference

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6070197/

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