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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2018

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Children's propensity to consume sugar and fat predicts regular alcohol consumption in adolescence.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2018

Autori: Kirsten Mehlig1, Leonie H Bogl2,3, Monica Hunsberger1, Wolfgang Ahrens3,4, Stefaan De Henauw5, Isabel Iguacel6, Hannah Jilani3, Dénes Molnár7, Valeria Pala8, Paola Russo9, Michael Tornaritis10, Toomas Veidebaum11, Jaakko Kaprio2,12 and Lauren Lissner1

Affiliazioni autori: 1Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Box 453, SE-405 30, Gothenburg, Sweden: 2Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland: 3Leibniz Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology - BIPS, Bremen, Germany: 4Institute of Statistics, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany: 5Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium: 6Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, University of Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain: 7Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary: 8Epidemiology and Prevention Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milan, Italy: 9Institute of Food Sciences, CNR, Avellino, Italy: 10Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus: 11National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia: 12Institute for Molecular Medicine FIMM, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Autori CNR:

  • PAOLA RUSSO

Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Objective: The present study investigated the association between sugar and fat intake in childhood in relation to alcohol use in adolescence. We hypothesized that early exposure to diets high in fat and sugar may affect ingestive behaviours later in life, including alcohol use. Design/Setting/Subjects: Children from the European IDEFICS/I.Family cohort study were examined at ages 5-9 years and followed up at ages 11-16 years. FFQ were completed by parents on behalf of children, and later by adolescents themselves. Complete data were available in 2263 participants. Children's propensities to consume foods high in fat and sugar were calculated and dichotomized at median values. Adolescents' use of alcohol was classified as at least weekly v. less frequent use. Log-binomial regression linked sugar and fat consumption in childhood to risk of alcohol use in adolescence, adjusted for relevant covariates. Results: Five per cent of adolescents reported weekly alcohol consumption. Children with high propensity to consume sugar and fat were at greater risk of later alcohol use, compared with children with low fat and low sugar propensity (relative risk=2ˇ46; 95% CI 1ˇ47, 4ˇ12), independent of age, sex and survey country. The association was not explained by parental income and education, strict parenting style or child's health-related quality of life and was only partly mediated by sustained consumption of sugar and fat into adolescence. Conclusions: Frequent consumption of foods high in fat and sugar in childhood predicted regular use of alcohol in adolescence.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 1

Pagine a: 8

Rivista:

Public health nutrition Cambridge University Press
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1368-9800

DOI: 10.1017/S1368980018001829

Referee: Sě: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Parole chiave:

  • Alcohol consumption in adolescence
  • Sugar and fat intake in childhood
  • Childhood risk factors
  • Cohort study

URL: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/public-health-nutrition/article/childrens-propensity-to-consume-sugar-and-fat-predicts-regular-alcohol-consumption-in-adolescence/B738A29AEACF7915959DB8BEA1768A14

Altre informazioni: The European Society for Prevention Research (EUSPR) has recommended that you and your co-authors are awarded the 2018 Presidents' Award for your paper "Children's propensity to consume sugar and fat predicts regular alcohol consumption in adolescence". The Presidents' award is nominated and selected by a group of past, present and future Presidents of EUSPR, for an "Outstanding Prevention Science Research Paper in the past year". We chose your paper because we felt it combines: an important and novel question, really good longitudinal data, a good European research team, robust and appropriate analysis, important effects and clear reporting. It's very good science.

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