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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2018

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption of European adolescents: Results from the I.Family study

Anno di pubblicazione: 2018

Autori: Coumans, Juul M. J.; Danner, Unna N.; Intemann, Timm; De Decker, Annelies; Hadjigeorgiou, Charalambos; Hunsberger, Monica; Moreno, Luis A.; Russo, Paola; Stomfai, Sarolta; Veidebaum, Toomas; Adan, Roger A. H.; Hebestreit, Antje

Affiliazioni autori: Univ Med Ctr Utrecht; Altrecht Eating Disorders Rintveld; Leibniz Inst Prevent Res & Epidemiol BIPS; Univ Ghent; Res & Educ Inst Child Hlth; Univ Gothenburg; Univ Zaragoza; CNR; Univ Pecs; Natl Inst Hlth Dev

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: We aimed to investigate the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness and snack food consumption in 1039 European adolescents aged 12-18 years. During the cross-sectional examination in 2013/2014, complete information was collected on: emotion-driven impulsiveness (using the negative urgency subscale from the Urgency, Premeditation, Perseverance, Sensation seeking, and Positive urgency (UPPS-P) Impulsive Behaviour Scale) and snacking behaviour operationalised as 1) consumption frequency of daily snacks, 2) consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (both measured using Food Frequency Questionnaire) and 3) usual energy intake of food consumed per snacking occasion in calories. The latter was measured using online self-administered 24-h dietary recalls and was estimated based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Method. Anthropometric variables were measured and BMI z-score (zBMI) calculated. Age, sex, highest education level of the family and country of residence were assessed using a questionnaire. Mixed-effect regression analyses were separately conducted for each snacking behaviour outcome with emotion-driven impulsiveness as the exposure. After controlling for zBMI, age, sex, country and socioeconomic status, emotion-driven impulsiveness was positively associated with daily consumption frequency of snacks (beta = 0.07, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) [0.02, 0.12]) and consumption frequency of energy-dense snacks (beta = 0.25, 95% CI [0.19, 0.311), but not with usual energy intake of food per snacking (beta = 2.52, 95% CI [-0.55, 5.59]). Adolescents with a stronger emotion-driven impulsiveness tendency reported a higher snacking frequency and specifically more energy-dense snacks, whereas the energy intake of snack food seemed less important. These findings have implications for obesity prevention and treatment as they indicate the importance of targeting emotion-driven impulsiveness as a strategy to avoid excessive snacking.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 152

Pagine a: 159

Pagine totali: 8


Appetite Academic Press,
Paese di pubblicazione: Paesi Bassi
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 0195-6663

Numero volume: 123

DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2017.12.018

Referee: Ś: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [000427336500019]

Parole chiave:

  • Snacking frequency
  • Energy-dense snacks
  • Negative urgency
  • Body mass index
  • Children
  • Europe

URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0195666317312096?via%3Dihub

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