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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2017

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: The association of emotion-driven impulsiveness, cognitive inflexibility and decision-making with weight status in European adolescents.

Anno di pubblicazione: 2017

Autori: Coumans, J M J; Danner, U N; Ahrens, W; Hebestreit, A; Intemann, T; Kourides, Y A; Lissner, L; Michels, N; Moreno, L A; Russo, P; Stomfai, S; Veidebaum, T; Adan, R A H

Affiliazioni autori: Brain Centre Rudolf Magnus, Department of Translational Neuroscience, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. 2 Altrecht Eating Disorders Rintveld, Zeist, The Netherlands. 3 Leibniz-Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology-BIPS, Bremen, Germany. 4 Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus. 5 Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine (EPSO), University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. 6 Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium. 7 Growth, Exercise, NUtrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, Universidad de Zaragoza, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón (IIS Aragón) and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Nutrición y la Obesidad (CIBEROBN), Zaragoza, Spain. 8 Institute of Food Sciences, National Research Council, Avellino, Italy. 9 Department of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary. 10 Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia.

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: OBJECTIVE: to explore the association between emotion-driven impulsiveness, cognitive inflexibility, decision-making and with weight status as reflected in BMI z-score (zBMI) in European adolescents.,METHODS: In total 3 354 adolescent aged between 12 and 18 years from the I.Family cohort completed the questionnaire based negative urgency subscale from the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale to measure emotion-driven impulsiveness in 2013/2014. Furthermore, 1 584 adolescents completed the computer-based Bergs Card Sorting Test to measure cognitive inflexibility, and 1 780 adolescents completed the Hungry Donkey Test to assess decision-making ability. Anthropometric variables were measured objectively; confounding variables (age, sex, socioeconomic status and country) were assessed using a questionnaire. Mixed-effect regression analyses were conducted for each outcome of the test or questionnaire as a predictor with standardised body mass index (zBMI) as the dependent variable in order to investigate association between markers of cognitive functioning and zBMI.,RESULTS: After controlling for confounders, results showed that emotion-driven impulsiveness (beta=0.18, 95% CI: 0.13 to 0.24, P<0.001), and cognitive inflexibility (beta=0.01, 95% CI: 0.002 to 0.02, P=0.016) were positively associated with zBMI. However, decision-making ability was not significantly related to zBMI (beta=0.00, 95% CI: -0.001 to 0.003, P=0.47).,CONCLUSIONS: More emotion-driven impulsiveness and reduced cognitive flexibility were associated with a higher zBMI in adolescents across Europe. These results may indicate that being impulsive in negative situations and having difficulties changing mental sets increase the susceptibility for unhealthy weight development. Reducing impulsivity and training cognitive flexibility seem promising targets for the prevention and intervention programs of obesity. International Journal of Obesity accepted article preview online, 01 November 2017. doi:10.1038/ijo.2017.270.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 655

Pagine a: 661

Pagine totali: 7


International journal of obesity Nature Publishing Group.
Paese di pubblicazione: Regno Unito
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1476-5497

Numero volume: 42

DOI: 10.1038/ijo.2017.270

Referee: Sě: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: ISI Web of Science (WOS) [29089612]

Parole chiave:

  • weight
  • children
  • emotion-driven impulsiveness
  • cognitive inflexibility
  • decision making

URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/ijo2017270

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