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Istituto di scienza dell'alimentazione

Torna all'elenco Contributi in rivista anno 2016

Contributo in rivista

Tipo: Articolo in rivista

Titolo: Determinant factors of physical fitness in European children

Anno di pubblicazione: 2016

Formato: Elettronico

Autori: Zaqout M.; Vyncke K.; Moreno L.A.; de Miguel-Etayo P.; Lauria F.; Molnar D.; Lissner L.; Hunsberger M.; Veidebaum T.; Tornaritis M.; Reisch L.A.; Bammann K.; Sprengeler O.; Ahrens W.; Michels N.

Affiliazioni autori: Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; GENUD (Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development) Research Group, EU Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Zaragoza, Saragossa, Spain; Epidemiology and Population Genetics, Institute of Food Sciences-CNR, Avellino, Italy; Department of Pediatrics, University of Pécs, Pécs, Hungary; Section for Epidemiology and Social Medicine (EPSO), Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Department of Chronic Diseases, National Institute for Health Development, Tallinn, Estonia; Research and Education Institute of Child Health, Strovolos, Cyprus; Department of Intercultural Communication and Management, Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark; Institute for Public Health and Nursing Research, Faculty for Human and Health Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany; Leibniz-Institute for Prevention Research and Epidemiology BIPS, Bremen, Germany

Autori CNR:


Lingua: inglese

Abstract: Objectives: This study was designed to explore the determinants of physical fitness in European children aged 6-11 years, cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Methods: There were sufficient data on 4903 children (50.6 % girls) on measured physical fitness (cardio-respiratory, muscular strength, flexibility, balance, and speed) and possible determinants related to child characteristics, child lifestyle and parental factors. Multivariate and mixed linear regression models were conducted. Results: Age, sex, children's BMI and physical activity were independent and strong determinants of children's fitness. Significant but small effects were found for low maternal BMI, high psychosocial well-being and fruit and vegetable intake as protective determinants. Sleep duration, breakfast intake, parental age and education and paternal BMI did not have a consistently significant effect on physical fitness. The role of determinants depended on children's sex and the specific PF component. Longitudinal analyses especially highlighted the importance of child's BMI as physical fitness determinant, independent of physical activity. Conclusions: BMI together with physical activity, diet and psychosocial factors are modifiable targets to enhance physical fitness. This calls for policy approaches that combine these factors in a systematic way.

Lingua abstract: inglese

Pagine da: 1

Pagine a: 10


International journal of public health Birkhäuser,
Paese di pubblicazione: Svizzera
Lingua: inglese
ISSN: 1661-8564

DOI: 10.1007/s00038-016-0811-2

Referee: Sì: Internazionale

Stato della pubblicazione: Published version

Indicizzato da: Scopus [2-s2.0-84962167090]

Parole chiave:

  • Body mass index
  • Children
  • Lifestyle
  • Parental determinants
  • Physical fitness

URL: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84962167090&partnerID=q2rCbXpz

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